Chapter 3 Immigrants

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Chapter 3 Immigrants

  1. 1. THE CONTRIBUTION OF IMMIGRANTS TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF SINGAPORE
  2. 2. WHY STUDY ABOUT THE IMMIGRANTS? • Singapore is a predominantly immigrant society. • Immigrants played an important role in the development of Singapore. • Immigrants had a strong impact on
  3. 3. DEFINING IMMIGRATION/ MIGRATION • Migration: To move from one country or region and settle in another. • Immigrate: Similar meaning – except immigrants settle in a country permanently.
  4. 4. WHERE DID IMMIGRANTS COME FROM? • Europe: British, Portuguese, Dutch. • Arabia: Yemen • India and Ceylon: Tamils, Punjabis, Bengalis, Gujeratis, Parsees and Sinhalese. • Archipelago: Javanese, Boyanese and Bugis. • Malay Peninsula: Penang, Malacca. • China: Mainly from Southern China. Cantonese, Teochews, Hokkiens, Hainanese and Hakkas.
  5. 5. PUSH AND PULL FACTORS
  6. 6. PUSH & PULL FACTORS • Push factors: Refer to unfavourable conditions in their homeland. • Pull factors: Refer to favourable conditions that attract people to migrate.
  7. 7. HOW DID THE IMMIGRANTS CONTRIBUTE TO SINGAPORE’S GROWTH? • Pair-Work Activity • Refer to pg 47-50, Textbook • Complete the graphic organiser on pg 18, Workbook
  8. 8. SERVICES PROVIDED BY DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS • Chinese – unskilled labourers, coolies working at docks and construction sites • Indians – banking and transportation, construction works by convicts • Malays – providing basic necessities like firewood and foodstuff, shipbuilders etc. • Others – services to all these new immigrants, e.g. barbers, tailors, entertainers, plantation workers, rickshaw
  9. 9. HOW DID THE IMMIGRANTS CONTRIBUTE TO SINGAPORE AS A TRADING CENTRE? • Entrepot trade: 1. importing and exporting goods; 2. providing capital; 3. serving as middlemen and 4. providing goods and services for daily living • Providing support services: 1. construction sites; 2. dockyards; 3. plantations; 4. factories and 5.
  10. 10. SOCIAL IMPACT
  11. 11. HOW DID THEY LIVE? • Settled in great numbers at the river mouth. • What would happen if the British did nothing to the situation?
  12. 12. SINGAPORE TOWN PLAN 1822
  13. 13. COOLIE • How do you think the word coolie came about? • The word ‘coolie’ is derived from the Mandarin term ku li, which means hard labour. • What type of lives do
  14. 14. MINDMAP ACTIVITY • In pairs: – Read page 51 and 52 of your textbook. – Draw a mindmap of the social impact of immigrants.
  15. 15. SOCIAL IMPACT OPIUM SECRET ADDICTION SOCIETIES POOR WORKING CONDITION POVERTY & DISEASE SLUMS
  16. 16. WHAT OTHER IMPACT DID IMMIGRANTS HAVE? • Lack of revenue and the profit-making nature of the EIC meant that many social services such as hospitals, schools were lacking. • Much depended on rich philanthropists and missionaries for example: – Tan Tock Seng – Syed Omar Al-junied – Govindasamy Pillay • Set up hospitals, schools and charities in Singapore.

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