Chapter 10 The National Building Years

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Chapter 10 The National Building Years

  1. 1. THE NATION BUILDING YEARS 1965 - 1971
  2. 2. CHALLENGES FACING SINGAPORE <ul><li>There was a need to overcome the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of natural resources; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of diversification – Overdependence on entrepot trade. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Unemployment. </li></ul></ul>Challenge: Economic uncertainties brought about by separation from Malaysia and withdrawal of the British <ul><li>Measures taken: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attract MNCs to invest in Singapore. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transform Singapore into a more efficient country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on export-led industrialisation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructural improvements.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up EDB. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jurong Industrial Estate </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. CHALLENGES FACING SINGAPORE <ul><li>There was a need to overcome the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than half a million people living in slums and squatter settlements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cramped and unhygienic living conditions. </li></ul></ul>Challenge: Insufficient housing during colonial period. Led to many people living in cramped and unhygienic slums. <ul><li>Measures taken: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up Housing Development Board in Feb 1960. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HDB implemented two five-year plans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing estates built on fringes of the central area. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squatters resettled. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. CHALLENGES FACING SINGAPORE <ul><li>There was a need to overcome the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education left to the different ethnic/religious groups to run. Led to a lack of social interaction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No sense of nationhood. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Varied quality of education. </li></ul></ul>Challenge: Education system needed to be improved in order to help social interaction and economic development. <ul><li>Measures taken: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilingual policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outward demonstrations of patriotism. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid expansion of educational facilities to provide educational opportunities after Primary school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large-scale recruitment of teachers. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. CHALLENGES FACING SINGAPORE <ul><li>There was a need to overcome the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British withdrawal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited manpower and funds. </li></ul></ul>Challenge: Need to build up strong defence force to ensure stability. <ul><li>Measures taken: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Service Amendment Bill of 1967. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of a citizen’s army. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convince people of the need to serve national service. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build up navy and set up air force. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign advisors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military co-operation with other countries. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. How has the response to the challenges shaped the Singapore of today?

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