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Chapter 1 History Of Early Singapore Updated
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Chapter 1 History Of Early Singapore Updated

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  • 1. WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT?
  • 2. TH Y F R O TO E R ES IS PO UR C Y H GA O RL I N S A S E F O • In 1819, Singapore was said to be a sleepy fishing village. • In the years before, Singapore was a trading entity of some sort. • Some even claim it was a great kingdom. • How did these different views come to exist? • How can we make sense of these points of view?
  • 3. s ill Sk Key • Available sources not specific and not authoritative. • Hence, it is up to historians to try to piece together a logical picture of the events and life in pre-1819 Singapore using the different available sources. • How is this possible given the different views?
  • 4. s ill • Key skill 1 -Inference: Sk Key – The act of reasoning from factual knowledge or evidence. • We can make inferences, from the various sources, but can we trust them? • Do the sources prove anything? • Key skill 2 -Reliability: – The suitability of a source to be depended upon to prove/disprove something. • Historians need to be able to evaluate the reliability of a source to decided on how a source can be used.
  • 5. What is a RELIABLE source? A reliable source is one in which there is consistency of the author's account of the truth & the truth-telling is verifiable
  • 6. shows bias of the writer contains factual was produced errors / for a particular exaggerations / purpose which Unreliable distortions might affect source (i.e. verifiably its reliability false versions of events) was written long after is inconsistent the events it describes with similar sources What makes a source UNRELIABLE?
  • 7. F E O OR “Singapura became a great city, to R Y AP which foreigners arrived in great TO ING numbers so that the fame of the city IS S H Y and its greatness spread throughout RL the world.” EA Page 4 Textbook • Sejarah Melayu: View of the • Claims that Singapore was a Sejarah Melayu: thriving trade centre under Sang A Great Trading Nila Utama. Port • Attracted the attention of the Majapahit and resulted in war. • Subsequently, the ruler fled and founded Melaka.
  • 8. F E O OR R Y AP TO ING IS S H Y • Sejarah Melayu is a literary work. L • Main purpose was to trace the EAR origins of Malay royalty. • Collection of myths mixed with fact, e.g. Badang. • Written after the fall of the Malacca Sultanate. • Do you believe this source? Why?
  • 9. F E O OR “ Temasik has become a great and R Y AP TO ING famous place visited by large numbers IS S H Y of foreigners. There were some RL Chinese settlers in Temasik.” Page 5 EA Textbook • Chinese merchant from Yuan China View of the • Dao Yi Zhi Lue (Description of the Barbarians Wang Dayuan: of the Isles) A Great Trading Port • Invaluable record of Chinese overseas • Reported on Longyamen (Dragon’s Teeth Gate) and Dan-ma-xi (Temasek) • Exotic, famous, frequently visited by traders, Chinese settlers and piracy.
  • 10. F E O OR R Y AP TO ING IS S H Y • Scanty and ambiguous. RL • Lack of verification with other EA sources. • No mention of Temasek after 14th century. • Temasek and Singapore really the same place? • Was the mapping accurate? • Is this source reliable to tell you about the early history of Singapore?
  • 11. F E O OR “ Temasik has become a great and R Y AP TO ING famous place visited by large numbers IS S H Y of foreigners. There were some RL Chinese settlers in Temasik.” Page 5 EA Textbook • Chinese merchant from Yuan China View of the • Dao Yi Zhi Lue (Description of the Barbarians Wang Dayuan: of the Isles) A Great Trading Port • Invaluable record of Chinese overseas • Reported on Longyamen (Dragon’s Teeth Gate) and Dan-ma-xi (Temasek) • Exotic, famous, frequently visited by traders, Chinese settlers and piracy.
  • 12. F E O OR R Y AP TO ING IS S H Y RL • Scanty and ambiguous. EA • Lack of verification with other sources. • No mention of Temasek after 14th century. View of the • Temasek and Singapore really the Wang Dayuan: same place? A Great Trading • Was the mapping accurate? Port • Is this a reliable source to tell you about the early history of Singapore?
  • 13. F E O OR R Y AP TO ING IS S H Y • Attempt to chart the history of the L region prior to their conquest of EAR Malacca. •However, there is valuable information about Parameswara and his Portuguese connection with Singapore which is also Historians verified in the Sejarah Melayu. •Primary focus not on Singapore. •Attempt to justify the Portuguese conquest of Malacca?
  • 14. HE T Y F R O TO E Archaeological Digs: Fort R ES IS PO Canning, Parliament House, UR C Y H GA O RL I N S A S Empress Place E F O
  • 15. HE T Y F R O TO E Archaeological Finds R ES IS PO UR C Y H GA O RL I N S A S E F O
  • 16. F E O OR R Y AP TO ING S S • Archaeological evidence indicative HI Y that a trading entity existed as early as RL the 14th Century. EA • Singapore was most likely part of the Srivijaya empire. • Decline of Srivijaya empire led to Singapore becoming autonomous and existed in a neutral buffer zone. • Possibly a transhipment point for the China-India trade.
  • 17. F E O OR R Y AP TO ING IS S H Y • Between 14th to 19th Century: RL • Arrival of Parameswara in 1388 a EA prince from Palembang. • According to Portuguese historians, he murdered his host and took over as the ruler. • Parameswara driven out by Majapahit or Siam and founded Malacca. • Does this sound familiar? • Parameswara and Sang Nila Utama really the same person?
  • 18. F E O OR R Y AP TO ING IS S H Y • Between 14th to 19th Century: RL • Singapore later became part of the EA Malacca Sultanate. • In 1511, Singapore became part of the Johore Sultanate. • 1613 – burnt down by the Portuguese. • Insignificant role until 1819.
  • 19. - UP M SU • New sources of information allow historians to piece together new interpretations of the past. • Importance of historical sources and archaeological research. • Early history of Singapore: – Despite the different accounts, Singapore was a thriving trading entity.