Life cycle of tire

4,133
-1

Published on

Published in: Automotive
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,133
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
121
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Tires and tubes are the largest consumers of rubber. The remaining 44% are taken up by the general rubber goods (GRG) (GRG)-hoses, belts, flooring, toys, gloves, erasers and rubber bandsPicture : http://www.unctad.org/infocomm/anglais/rubber/uses.htm
  • Life cycle of tire

    1. 1. Product Life Cycle Analysis ‘Tire’2/5/2013 1
    2. 2. Composition & Source High-strength steel cords are applied under the tread of passenger car tires (and in the carcass ofCarbon black and silica truck tires) while other steel wiresare the basic tire fillers, are located near the bead toproviding the necessary assure adherence to the rim“structure” to the compoundOther chemicals have Passenger car tires featurevarious functions, like rayon or polyester cords radiallyoils, zinc oxide or disposed along the carcassanti-degradants to protect (“radial tires”), while nylon cordthe compound are placed under the tread or near the bead area Natural rubber has unique elastic Synthetic rubber is added properties and is an essential element to natural rubber to achieve of a tire. Truck tires have an even the desired elasticity higher natural rubber content 2/5/2013 2 then passenger car tires
    3. 3. Raw Materials of Tire Industry – Overview (FY 2010-11) • Tire Industry is highly raw-material intensive. Raw materials cost accounts for approx. 70% of Tire Industry Turnover. • Given below is the composition of raw-materials as a percentage (%) of Total Raw Material Cost: Natural Rubber 44% Nylon Tire Cord Fabric 19% Carbon Black 12% Rubber Chemicals 5% Butyl Rubber 4% PBR 5% SBR 5% Others 6% • 63% of total Natural Rubber consumption is by the Tire Sector, balance by rubber based non- Tire industries. • Total weight of raw-materials consumed by Tire industry – 17.50 Lakh M.T. • Total Cost of Raw Materials consumed by Tire industry – Rs.21,000 Crores2/5/2013 3
    4. 4. Vulcanization Process 1. Rubber is mixed with sulfur and accelerators. 2. 10 minutes at 170 C Molded or extruded into shape. 3. Heated after rubber has taken final form To improve resilience and elasticity, durability and utility2/5/2013 4
    5. 5. MANUFACTURING Schematic of Tire Production Process2/5/2013 5
    6. 6. Financial Year 2010-2011 (Est.)Turnover of Indian Tire Industry Rs. 30,000 CroresTire Production (Tonnage) 14.88 lakh M.T.Tire Production – All Categories (Nos.) 1192 LakhTire Export from India (Value) : Rs. 3600 croresNumber of Tire companies: 39Industry Concentration 10 Large Tire companies account for over 95% of total Tire production.Radialisation Level - Current Passenger Car Tires: 98%(as a % of total Tire production) Light Commercial Vehicles: 18% Heavy Vehicles ( Truck & Bus ): 15% 2/5/2013 6
    7. 7. Category wise Tire Production in India Financial Year 2010-11 - 2011-12 ( April-September) (In Lakh Nos.) Tires for: 2010-11 2011-12 Truck & Bus 76.08 77.99 Passenger Car 124.46 134.19 Jeep 7.63 7.47 Light Commercial Vehicle 28.40 34.00 Tractor Front 13.88 14.19 Tractor Rear 9.18 9.73 Tractor Trailer 4.64 4.60 Animal Drawn Vehicle 1.30 1.31 Scooter / Moped 91.61 109.80 Motor Cycle 209.91 229.31 Industrial 3.00 3.362/5/2013 Off the Road (OTR) 0.91 0.98 7
    8. 8. Estimated supplies of key Tire categories Production Segmentwise Percentage supply (Nos.) (as % of Total Production)Category 2010-11 Replacement OEMs Export (April- Market September)Truck/Bus 7799228 65 21 14Passenger Car / 14165944 42 53 5JeepLCV 3400113 34 41 25Tractor Front 1419373 5 44 1Tractor Rear 972938 34 64 2Scooter / Moped 10979956 43 53 4Motor Cycle 22931173 46 52 22/5/2013 8
    9. 9. Uses Transportation Sector • Pneumatic tires, tubes and automotive belts Industrial Sector • Product of material handling like conveyor and transmission belt • Others like plates, packing & sealing device, gloves , mat.etc Consumer sector • Rubber clothing like gloves footwear • Other products like threads , eraser, golf ball ,mat etc2/5/2013 9
    10. 10. Disposal/ Dispersal Methods Energy recovery  Alternative fuel .  Substitute for coal in steel plants.  Reduced emissions.  Lower cost. Fuel Energy Emissions (Gigajoule/ kgCO kgCO / tonne) /tonne Gigajoule Tires 32.0 2,270 85 Coal 27.0 2,430 90 Pet coke 32.4 3,240 100 Diesel oil 46.0 3,220 70 Natural gas 39.0 1,989 51 Wood 10.2 1,122 1102/5/2013 10
    11. 11. Disposal/ Dispersal Methods  Material recovery  Construction material  Crumb or ground rubber applications.2/5/2013 11
    12. 12. Examples Of Reuse Slope stabilisation Construction bale Erosion control Coastal and fluvial protection2/5/2013 12
    13. 13. Examples Of Reuse Compacted shred Landfill cell (geotextile) Drainage systemsLoose unbound chips : Loose shredCompacted unbound chipsBound chips Building insulation 2/5/2013 13
    14. 14. Examples Of Reuse Road furniture Running tracks Artificial turfndoor or outdoor Children’s play grounds tiles/pavers Sports arenas 2/5/2013 14
    15. 15. Disposal/ Dispersal Methods Other Innovative And Emerging Uses For End-of-life Tires  Electric arc furnaces and Pyrolysis  De-vulcanization2/5/2013 15
    16. 16. Environmental Impact2/5/2013 16
    17. 17. Environmental Impact2/5/2013 17
    18. 18. 2/5/2013 18
    19. 19. References•http://www.bir.org/assets/Documents/industry/ManagingEndOfLifeTyres.pdf• http://www.atmaindia.org• http://www.terdex.com/doc/Oekobilanz_en.pdf• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/• http://www.newrubbertech.com/home.php2/5/2013 19
    20. 20. Questions ???2/5/2013 20
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×