Russian Artwork


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Russian Artwork

  1. 1. Russian Artwork1716-1797<br />Presented by Dar Ortega<br />
  2. 2. A Brief History of Russian Paintings<br />In the beginning of the nineteenth century almost all portrait artwork had a westernized style to it, emphasizing facial expressions and contrasting colors and fabrics.<br />Iconic painting was a form of painting used especially in the beginning of the fifteenth century that expressed spirituality in Russia. “Icons are characterized by elegance, grace, and fine taste” (Riasanovsky).<br />Parsuna style of painting emerged in the late 1600s. It is the portrait paintings of well known secular person of that time. Parsunas are the transitional paintings from Icons to Portraits.<br />Russian artwork took on many forms during the eighteenth century. Most notably is the transition from the parsuna to a more westernized style.<br />
  3. 3. Alexei PetrovichAntropov (1716-1795)<br /><ul><li>Most influential secular painter
  4. 4. Bridged the gap between the Petrine era and later 18th century painters
  5. 5. Helped revive art in the 1730s and 1740s
  6. 6. Mentored DimitriiLevitskii
  7. 7. A favorite painter of Peter III
  8. 8. Painted AnastasiiaMikhailovna, M. Rumiantseva, and Catherine The Great</li></ul><br />
  9. 9. Portrait of AnastasiiaMikhailovna<br /><ul><li>Friend to Elizabeth Petrovna, the daughter of Peter the Great
  10. 10. Shows great attention to detail of the facial expression and contrasting colors
  11. 11. Portrays contrast with several types of fabric
  12. 12. Brooch is similar to that in the portrait of M. Rumiantseva</li></ul><br />
  13. 13. Portrait of Catherine The Great<br /><ul><li>Painted before 1773
  14. 14. Shows her royalty with intricate details
  15. 15. Posed in a sitting position shown as less formal
  16. 16. Brilliant diamond detail on the crown and solid gold orb
  17. 17. Double-headed eagle appears numerously
  18. 18. This style shows the transition from parsuna to a more westernized style of painting</li></ul><br />
  19. 19. DimitriiLevitskii (1735-1822)<br /><ul><li> Student of Alexei PetrovichAntropov
  20. 20. His father was a priest who painted icons
  21. 21. One of the first students in the Academy of Arts
  22. 22. Favored artist by Catherine II
  23. 23. Best known for paintings of theater students
  24. 24. Another of his famous and more personal paintings is that of Nikolai Novikov in 1787</li></ul><br />
  25. 25. Portrait of Theater Students<br /><ul><li>One of DimitriiLevitskii’s most famous paintings
  26. 26. Depicts two girls playing a shepherd and a shepherdess in a pastoral play at the Smolnii Institute
  27. 27. Painted at the request of Catherine The Great in 1773
  28. 28. Like Levitskii, he pays special attention to facial features and gives the girls a youthful look</li></ul><br />
  29. 29. Portrait of Nikolai Novikov<br /><ul><li> A personal friend of Levitskii
  30. 30. Nikolai Novikov was against the serfdom in Russia
  31. 31. Often criticized Catherine II “enlightenment” efforts
  32. 32. Nikolai was arrested and imprisoned in Schuluersserburg fortress in 1792
  33. 33. He was released by Catherine’s son Paul in 1796
  34. 34. Levitskii painted him after his release in 1797</li></ul><br />
  35. 35. The time of enlightenment during the eighteenth century in Russia was a time of many great advancements, fresh ideas, and social changes. Among these was the introduction of a more westernized style of painting portraits. <br />Although this style resulted as a slow progress over time from the iconic style of painting, these portraits became very popular and helped Russia become a part of the more modernized European World.<br />
  36. 36. Works Cited<br />Boguslawski, Alexander. Russian Painting. Retrieved 24 Oct, 2009 from<br /><br />Hajduk, Ryhor et al. Virtual Guide to Belarus. Belarusian Fine Arts. Retrieved 24 Oct. <br /> 2009 from<br />Absolute Astronomy. Retrieved 24 Oct. 2009 from <br /><br />Riasanovsky, Nicholas and Mark D. Steinberg. A History of Russia to 1855 Volume I <br />Seventh Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.<br />
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