Russian Artwork
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    Russian Artwork Russian Artwork Presentation Transcript

    • Russian Artwork1716-1797
      Presented by Dar Ortega
    • A Brief History of Russian Paintings
      In the beginning of the nineteenth century almost all portrait artwork had a westernized style to it, emphasizing facial expressions and contrasting colors and fabrics.
      Iconic painting was a form of painting used especially in the beginning of the fifteenth century that expressed spirituality in Russia. “Icons are characterized by elegance, grace, and fine taste” (Riasanovsky).
      Parsuna style of painting emerged in the late 1600s. It is the portrait paintings of well known secular person of that time. Parsunas are the transitional paintings from Icons to Portraits.
      Russian artwork took on many forms during the eighteenth century. Most notably is the transition from the parsuna to a more westernized style.
    • Alexei PetrovichAntropov (1716-1795)
      • Most influential secular painter
      • Bridged the gap between the Petrine era and later 18th century painters
      • Helped revive art in the 1730s and 1740s
      • Mentored DimitriiLevitskii
      • A favorite painter of Peter III
      • Painted AnastasiiaMikhailovna, M. Rumiantseva, and Catherine The Great
      http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Alexei_Antropov
    • Portrait of AnastasiiaMikhailovna
      • Friend to Elizabeth Petrovna, the daughter of Peter the Great
      • Shows great attention to detail of the facial expression and contrasting colors
      • Portrays contrast with several types of fabric
      • Brooch is similar to that in the portrait of M. Rumiantseva
      http://tars.rollins.edu/Foreign_Lang/Russian/frame2.html
    • Portrait of Catherine The Great
      • Painted before 1773
      • Shows her royalty with intricate details
      • Posed in a sitting position shown as less formal
      • Brilliant diamond detail on the crown and solid gold orb
      • Double-headed eagle appears numerously
      • This style shows the transition from parsuna to a more westernized style of painting
      http://tars.rollins.edu/Foreign_Lang/Russian/frame2.html
    • DimitriiLevitskii (1735-1822)
      • Student of Alexei PetrovichAntropov
      • His father was a priest who painted icons
      • One of the first students in the Academy of Arts
      • Favored artist by Catherine II
      • Best known for paintings of theater students
      • Another of his famous and more personal paintings is that of Nikolai Novikov in 1787
      http://www.belarusguide.com/culture1/visual_arts/Mastactva.html
    • Portrait of Theater Students
      • One of DimitriiLevitskii’s most famous paintings
      • Depicts two girls playing a shepherd and a shepherdess in a pastoral play at the Smolnii Institute
      • Painted at the request of Catherine The Great in 1773
      • Like Levitskii, he pays special attention to facial features and gives the girls a youthful look
      http://tars.rollins.edu/Foreign_Lang/Russian/frame2.html
    • Portrait of Nikolai Novikov
      • A personal friend of Levitskii
      • Nikolai Novikov was against the serfdom in Russia
      • Often criticized Catherine II “enlightenment” efforts
      • Nikolai was arrested and imprisoned in Schuluersserburg fortress in 1792
      • He was released by Catherine’s son Paul in 1796
      • Levitskii painted him after his release in 1797
      http://tars.rollins.edu/Foreign_Lang/Russian/frame2.html
    • The time of enlightenment during the eighteenth century in Russia was a time of many great advancements, fresh ideas, and social changes. Among these was the introduction of a more westernized style of painting portraits.
      Although this style resulted as a slow progress over time from the iconic style of painting, these portraits became very popular and helped Russia become a part of the more modernized European World.
    • Works Cited
      Boguslawski, Alexander. Russian Painting. Retrieved 24 Oct, 2009 from
      http://tars.rollins.edu/Foreign_Lang/Russian/ruspaint.html
      Hajduk, Ryhor et al. Virtual Guide to Belarus. Belarusian Fine Arts. Retrieved 24 Oct.
      2009 from http://www.belarusguide.com/culture1/visual_arts/Mastactva.html
      Absolute Astronomy. Retrieved 24 Oct. 2009 from
      http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Alexei_Antropov
      Riasanovsky, Nicholas and Mark D. Steinberg. A History of Russia to 1855 Volume I
      Seventh Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.