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References <ul><li>Purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Different styles </li></ul><ul><li>References are easy </li></ul>
References <ul><li>Complete citation </li></ul><ul><li>Book </li></ul>
References <ul><li>Book   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of authors(s), editor(s), or institution responsible for writing the ...
References <ul><li>Book   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of chapter and page numbers  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edition, if ...
References <ul><li>Book </li></ul><ul><li>Periodical article </li></ul>
References <ul><li>Periodical article </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of author(s)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of article...
References <ul><li>Cite only published material </li></ul><ul><li>Three basic styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author-year </l...
Ethical Issues <ul><li>Duplicate publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Salami publishing (or LPU) </li></ul><ul><li>IRB/IACUC infor...
Ethical Issues <ul><li>Redundant (or duplicate) publication is publication of a paper that overlaps substantially with one...
Ethical Issues <ul><li>“ [Duplicate publishing] . . . occurred  in 1998 involving  Chest  and another journal. It is my in...
Ethical Issues <ul><li>I may also inform the dean of the involved medical school. . . .  Chest  will not be a passive vehi...
Ethical Issues <ul><li>Duplicate publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstracts and posters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collabo...
Ethical Issues <ul><li>Duplicate publishing </li></ul><ul><li>“ The author must always make a full statement to the editor...
Ethical Issues <ul><li>Salami publishing (or LPU) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slices data/interpretations into several publicati...
Ethical Issues <ul><li>IRB/IACUC information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State clearly in Methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hel...
Next Week <ul><li>Getting published </li></ul><ul><li>Review process </li></ul>
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Writing Workshop 5 Handout

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This workshop discusses references and ethical issues (duplicate and salami publishing, IRB, and IACUC).

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  • Give credit Allow reader to find original material Many (slightly) different styles Editors know where you are already submitted Vancouver Style, late 1970s
  • Use complete citation when reading, preparing biblio Science omits article titles, but you may not get accepted by Science
  • Unpublished data, letters, phone calls are inappropriate Remember purposes: reader has no access to this information If necessary, cite in text (e.g., personal communication) Journal editor may delete, may require permission from person Author-year: use for early drafts easy to add/delete refs long text interruptions, especially in Intro increased production cost Number from alpha list: decreased production cost easy to find who is working in field ref info not available in text if important, cite author/date in sentence “ Streptomycin was first used to treat tuberculosis in 1945 (13).” Number in order of citation: decreased production cost difficult to add/delete works by same author separated in list
  • Chest, October 1998
  • Chest, October 1998
  • Check instructions to authors Ask if you don’t find information about abstracts Transplant team: publish in surgery and nursing journals Reporting same subjects/results: misrepresents the evidence
  • Publication is editor’s decision, not author’s
  • Pubs process: review, production, indexing, abstracting
  • Transcript of "Writing Workshop 5 Handout"

    1. 1. References <ul><li>Purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Different styles </li></ul><ul><li>References are easy </li></ul>
    2. 2. References <ul><li>Complete citation </li></ul><ul><li>Book </li></ul>
    3. 3. References <ul><li>Book   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of authors(s), editor(s), or institution responsible for writing the book  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full title of book, including any subtitle  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of series and volume number in the series   </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. References <ul><li>Book   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of chapter and page numbers  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edition, if not the original  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City of publication  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publisher's name  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date of publication </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. References <ul><li>Book </li></ul><ul><li>Periodical article </li></ul>
    6. 6. References <ul><li>Periodical article </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of author(s)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of article  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of periodical  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volume number and issue number  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusive pages </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. References <ul><li>Cite only published material </li></ul><ul><li>Three basic styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author-year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number from alphabetical list </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number in order of citation </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Ethical Issues <ul><li>Duplicate publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Salami publishing (or LPU) </li></ul><ul><li>IRB/IACUC information </li></ul>
    9. 9. Ethical Issues <ul><li>Redundant (or duplicate) publication is publication of a paper that overlaps substantially with one already published in print or electronic media. </li></ul><ul><li>Uniform Requirements </li></ul>
    10. 10. Ethical Issues <ul><li>“ [Duplicate publishing] . . . occurred in 1998 involving Chest and another journal. It is my intention to disallow this author from publishing in Chest for the next 5 years (it is up to the Editor-in-Chief of the other journal to decide proper reprimand relating to that journal). . . </li></ul>
    11. 11. Ethical Issues <ul><li>I may also inform the dean of the involved medical school. . . . Chest will not be a passive vehicle for padding one’s curriculum vitae. Duplicate publication is unethical, immoral, and illegal once copyright has been assigned to the first journal to publish the work.” </li></ul><ul><li>A. Jay Block, editor. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Ethical Issues <ul><li>Duplicate publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstracts and posters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration among different disciplines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting same subjects/results in different articles without reference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adding data points with no significant change in results </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Ethical Issues <ul><li>Duplicate publishing </li></ul><ul><li>“ The author must always make a full statement to the editor about all submissions and previous reports (including meeting presentations and posting of results in registries) that might be regarded as redundant or duplicate publication of the same or very similar work.” </li></ul>
    14. 14. Ethical Issues <ul><li>Salami publishing (or LPU) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slices data/interpretations into several publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiplies entire publication process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wastes resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dilutes history/significance of work </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Ethical Issues <ul><li>IRB/IACUC information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State clearly in Methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helsinki Accords of 1975 </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Next Week <ul><li>Getting published </li></ul><ul><li>Review process </li></ul>
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