Types of Literature


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Types of Literature

  2. 2.  Prose - is the most typical form of language, applying ordinary grammatical structure and natural flow of speech rather than rhythmic structure.
  3. 3.  Examples of Prose Novel – is a fictitious prose narrative ofbook length, typically representing characterand action with some degree of realism. Essay - is a piece of writing which is oftenwritten from an authors personal point ofview. Essays can consist of a number ofelements, including: literary criticism, politicalmanifestos, learned arguments, observationsof daily life, recollections, and reflections ofthe author.
  4. 4.  Short story –is a work of fiction, usually writtenin narrative prose. Often depicting few charactersand concentrating a single effect or mood, itdiffers from the anecdote in its use of plot, andthe variety of literary techniques it shares withthe more extensive novel. Diary –is a record originally in handwritten format withdiscrete entries arranged by date reporting onwhat has happened over the course of a day orother period. A personal diary may include apersons experiences, and/or thoughts orfeelings, including comment on current eventsoutside the writers direct experience.
  5. 5.  Myth -is a sacred narrative usually explaining how theworld or humankind came to be in its presentform, although, in a very broad sense, the wordcan refer to any traditional story. Folktale –is a general term for different varieties oftraditional narrative. The telling of storiesappears to be a cultural universal, common tobasic and complex societies alike. Even the formsfolktales take are certainly similar from culture toculture, and comparative studies of themes andnarrative ways have been successful in showingthese relationships. Also it is considered to be anoral tale to be told for everybody.
  6. 6.  Comedy –from the Greek word kōmōidía, in thecontemporary meaning of the term, is anydiscourse or work generally intended tobe humorous or to amuse by inducinglaughter, especially in theatre, television, filmand stand-up comedy. Drama –specific mode of fiction represented in performance. The term comes from Greek wordmeaning "action" Classical Greek drama, whichis derived from "to do" or "to act."
  7. 7.  Tragedy –from the Ancient Greek tragōidia, "he-goat-song" is a form of drama based onhuman suffering that invokes in itsaudience an accompanying catharsis orpleasure in the viewing. Whilemany cultures have developed forms thatprovoke this paradoxical response, theterm tragedy often refers to aspecific tradition of drama that has playeda unique and important role historically inthe self-definition of Western civilization.
  8. 8.  Fable –is a literary genre. A fable is a succinctfictional story, in prose or verse, thatfeatures animals, mythical creatures,plants, inanimate objects or forces ofnature whichare anthropomorphized given humanqualities such as verbal communication,and that illustrates or leads to aninterpretation of a moral lesson, whichmay at the end be added explicitly in apithy maxim.
  9. 9.  Legend –from the Latin word, legenda, "things to be read"is a narrative of human actions that are perceivedboth by teller and listeners to take place withinhuman history and to possess certain qualitiesthat give the tale verisimilitude. Fiction –is the form of any narrative or informative workthat deals, in part or in whole, with information orevents that are not factual, butrather, imaginary and theoretical that is, inventedby the author. Theme –from the literature means, the unifying subject oridea of a story.
  10. 10.  Biography -is a detailed description or account of someoneslife. It entails more than basic facts of education,work, relationships, and death, a biography alsoportrays a subjects experience of these events.Unlike a profile or curriculum vitae (résumé). Abiography presents a subjects life story,highlighting various aspects of his or her life,including intimate details of experience, and mayinclude an analysis of a subjects personality. Autobiography –from the Greek, autos self + bios life +graphein towrite is an account of the life of a person, writtenby its subject.
  11. 11.  Poetry –from the Greek poiesis - with abroad meaning of a "making", is aform of literary art which uses theaesthetic qualities of language toevoke meanings in addition to, orin place of the prosaic ostensiblemeaning.
  12. 12.  Epic –from the Ancient Greek adjective epikos, (epos ) "word,story, poem is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarilyconcerning a serious subject containing details ofheroic deeds and events significant to a culture ornation. Elegy –is a mournful, melancholic or plaintive poem,especially a funeral song, or a lament for the dead. Eulogy –from eulogia, Classical Greek for "good words" isa speech or writing in praise of a person or thing,especially one recently dead or retired.
  13. 13.  Lyric –from the Greek language, a song sung witha lyre and is a form of poetry that expresses asubjective, personal point of view. Ballad –is a form of verse, often a narrative setto music. Ballads were particularlycharacteristic of the popular poetry and song ofthe British Isles from the later medieval perioduntil the 19th century and used extensivelyacross Europe and later the Americas,Australia and North Africa. Many ballads werewritten and sold as single sheet broadsides.
  14. 14.  Allegory –is a device in which characters or events represent orsymbolize ideas and concepts. In allegory a messageis communicated by means of symbolic figures,actions or symbolic representation. Ode –from Ancient Greek that is a type of lyrical verse. Aclassic ode is structured in three major parts: thestrophe, the antistrophe, and the epode. Differentforms such as the homostrophic ode and the irregularode also exist. It is an elaborately structured poempraising or glorifying an event or individual,describing nature intellectually as well asemotionally.
  15. 15.  Song –is a composition for voices, performed by singing.A song may be accompanied by musicalinstruments, or it may be unaccompanied, as inthe case of a cappella songs. The lyrics (words) ofsongs are typically of a poetic, rhyming nature,though they may be religious verses or free prose. Narrative –derives from the Latin verb narrare, "to tell", andis related to the adjective gnarus, "knowing" or"skilled. It is a constructive format as a work ofspeech, writing, song, film, television, videogames, photography or theatre that describesa sequence of non-fictional or fictional events.
  16. 16. Prepared by:Divine Heidi G. Cabiguin September 17, 2012