Lesson Plan in Teaching Oral SkillDocument Transcript
Semi- Detailed Lesson Plan in Teaching Oral (Speaking) SkillsI. Objectives: At the end of the lesson, students are expected to: 1. identify the purpose of teaching oral skills and it’s correlated topics; 2. analyze the importance of the golden rules in teaching oral skills; and 3. retell the five golden rules in teaching oral skills.II. Subject Matter(s): Topic: “Teaching Oral (Speaking) Skills” Reference(s): http://www.amityfoundation.org/page.php?p.249 http://www.slideshare.net/sbrooksulacit/week-3-teaching-oral-skills-1 http://www.slideshare.net/samuraitheologian/principles-for-teaching-speaking-skills Material(s): Textbook, visual aids, power point presentation, and chalk board.III. Procedure(s): A. Motivation: The teacher will post a quote and ask the student to give their ideas about it. "Great speakers are not born, theyre trained." -- Dale Carnegie – B. Presentation: The teacher will present the topic about teaching oral (speaking) skills. C. Discussion: I. Oral skill is the ability to speak well. More specifically, ability to articulate one’s knowledge and understanding, use language creatively, use and present material effectively in spoken form, whether in one’s own language or foreign language, in the latter case, to display a command structure, appropriate pronunciation, use of register, and range of vocabulary. a. Communication is the exchange of thoughts, messages, or information, as by speech, visuals, signals, writing, or behavior. Derived from the Latin word "communis", meaning to share. Communication requires a sender, a message, and a recipient, although the receiver need not be present or aware of the senders intent to communicate at the time of communication; thus communication can occur across vast distances in time and space. Communication requires that the communicating parties share an area of communicative commonality. The communication process is complete once the receiver has understood the message of the sender. b. The communication process conducted through spoken words is referred to as Oral Communication. Oral communication is defined as the effective interpretation, composition, and presentation of information, ideas, and values to a specific audience.
II. How to Teach Oral Skills: The Five Golden Rules 1. Give students as much opportunity as possible to practice speaking. 2. Provide ample listening practice. 3. Create opportunity for real communication. 4. Expand the range of topics students practice talking about. 5. Build discussion skills.III. Other Rules in Oral Skills: Pronouncing the words clearly is an important thing to be remembered. The need to repeat a particular word/sentence affects the flow of presentation. To emphasize the importance of a particular thought, words have to be pronounced by changing their tones. Avoiding fillers while speaking is necessary. The sound of fillers (um, ah, etc.) could be irritating for listeners. While in a face-to-face communication process, interrupting the speaker is considered a sign of poor communication. Careful listening is as important as speaking clearly while in the process of oral communication. It helps respond in a proper manner. One should always make an eye contact with the listeners; this way, the attention of listeners is not lost and their interest is kept intact. Asking questions in order to obtain information is one of the important aspects. One should keep the questions precise in order to get a clear answer. Same is the case when a person has to answer a question. Answering the question with correct details and also in quick time is of great importance. It is not advisable to carry on the communication process without understanding a particular point. In a communication process, body language of a person is considered as important as the spoken words. Body language of the speaker has a great impact on the listener(s). This is because it gives them an idea or indication of the direction in which the communication process is heading. The listener either gets positively or negatively influenced by the body language of the speaker.IV.Different Settings For Oral Communication Interpersonal communication is one of the best ways to start with the process of developing your communication skills. You can speak freely and without getting tensed when you just have to speak to a single person at a time. Through interpersonal communication, a person learns how to phrase his/her ideas clearly and also listen to others carefully. Group discussion exercises play an important role in developing the communication skills. People get to know each others views and thoughts through such exercises. More importantly, discussing on a particular topic compels the participants to listen to each other carefully. Group discussion exercises can be used both at school/college level and professional level.
Speaking in front of a large audience for many of us, is quite difficult. It is okay to feel nervous in front of a large audience. However, you can overcome the fear of public speaking completely by making presentations on a regular basis. This form of oral communication is very different from interpersonal communication. Here, you must speak precisely and present the topic in a concise manner. Holding the attention of listeners is the key to become a proficient public speaker. It is necessary to develop oral communication skills in order to survive in todays information-oriented world. Dissemination of information can be conducted in a proper manner only if you possess good communication skills.V. What Makes Speaking Difficult? Clustering Redundancy Reduced forms Performance Variables – hesitation, pauses, backtracking and corrections. You actually teach learners how to pause and hesitate (think time). Colloquial language Rate of delivery Stress, rhythm and intonation InteractionVI. Oral Speech Corrections Affective feedback Cognitive feedback Avoiding fossilization Effective feedback, development of teacher intuitionVII. Principles for Designing Speaking TechniquesTechniques should: Cover learners need of accuracy, intention, meaning and fluency Be intrinsically motivating Encourage the use of authentic language in meaningful contexts Provide appropriate feedback and correction Focus on the natural link between speaking and listening Give opportunities to initiate oral communication Encourage the development of speaking strategies
D. Generalization:Teaching oral (speaking) skills is one of the ability that we need to develop and enhance to helpthe students/ learners become accurate and fluent in using the foreign language. It will help themin the future in choosing their career and become effective in speaking. There are manycorrelated topics in teaching oral (speaking) skills that we have to emphasize. The five goldenrules in teaching oral skills, different settings for oral communication, what makes speakingdifficult?, oral speech corrections, principles for designing speaking techniques, etc.IV.Evaluation:Identification: Write the correct answer in the space provided before the number.____________ 1.It is the ability to articulate one’s knowledge, understanding, use languagecreatively, use and present material effectively. ____________2.It is defined as the effective interpretation, composition, and presentation ofinformation, ideas, and values to a specific audience.____________ 3.It is one of the best ways to start with the process of developing yourcommunication skills.____________ 4.It plays an important role in developing the communication skills. ____________5.The uhm, ahh, etc., are the words that make the listeners feel irritated.V. Assignment: Choose any activities from teaching oral (speaking) skills and present it to the class nextmeeting.Prepared by:Divine Heidi G. CabiguinZenaida GalonJobert SecurataPrecious San JuanENGL 120Approved by:Ms. Mae L. CendanaJuly 24, 2012