By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY
The Versailles Treaty
A Weak League of Nations
The Ineffectiveness of the    League of Nations y No control of major conflicts. y No progress in disarmament. y No effect...
The ―Stab-In-The-Back‖ Theory German soldiers are dissatisfied.
Decadence of the Weimar Republic
France – False Sense of Security?  The Maginot      Line
France – False Sense of Security?
International AgreementsLocarno Pact – 1925  y France, Germany, Great Britain,    Italy       Guarantee existing frontier...
The Great Depression
The Manchurian Crisis, 1931
Japan Invades Manchuria, 1931
Italy Attacks Ethiopia, 1935                      Emperor                       Haile                      Selassie
Germany Invades the          Rhineland     March 7, 1936
U. S. Neutrality Acts: 1934, 1935, 1937, 1939
America-First Committee Charles Lindbergh
Rome-Berlin Axis, 1936     The ―Pact of Steel‖
The Spanish Civil War:                      1936 - 1939        The                           The       National           ...
The Spanish Civil War:    1936 - 1939
The Spanish Civil War
The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939     The American ―Lincoln Brigade‖
The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939          Francisco Franco
The Spanish Civil War:A Dress Rehearsal for WW II?               Italian troops in                    Madrid
―Guernica‖   by Pablo Picasso
The Japanese Invasion   of China, 1937
The Austrian Anschluss, 1938
The ―Problem‖ of the    Sudetenland
Appeasement: The Munich      Agreement, 1938   British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain Now we have ―peace in our time!‖...
Czechoslovakia Becomes Part of    the Third Reich: 1939
The Nazi-Soviet  Non-Aggression Pact, 1939    Foreign Ministersvon Ribbentrop & Molotov
Poland Attacked: Sept. 1, 1939   Blitzkrieg [―Lightening War‖]
German Troops March into Warsaw
Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, 1940       The Tripartite Pact
European Theater of Operations
The ―Phoney War‖ Ends:     Spring, 1940
Dunkirk Evacuated  June 4, 1940
France Surrenders   June, 1940
A Divided France   Henri Petain
The French ResistanceThe Free French                  General Charles                     DeGaulle  The Maquis
Now Britain Is All Alone!
U. S. Lend-Lease Act,            1941Great Britain.........................$31 billionSoviet Union...........................
Lend-Lease
Battle of Britain:       The ―Blitz‖
Battle of Britain:The ―Blitz‖
The London ―Tube‖:Air Raid Shelters during the Blitz
The Royal Air Force
British Prime Minister  Winston Churchill
The Atlantic Charter          y Roosevelt and            Churchill sign            treaty of            friendship in     ...
Operation Barbarossa:Hitler‘s Biggest Mistake
Operation Barbarossa:      June 22, 1941 y 3,000,000 German soldiers. y 3,400 tanks.
The ―Big Three‖Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin
Axis Powers in 1942
Battle of Stalingrad:            Winter of 1942-1943  German Army             Russian Army  1,011,500 men           1,000,...
The North Africa Campaign:     The Battle of El Alamein, 1942                  Gen. Ernst Rommel,                   The ―D...
The Italian Campaign          [―Operation Torch‖] :        Europe‘s ―Soft Underbelly‖y Allies plan  assault on  weakest Ax...
The Battle for Sicily:                   June, 1943    GeneralGeorge S. Patton
George C. ScottPlaying General Patton in the    1968 Movie, ―Patton‖
The Battle of Monte Casino:     February, 1944
The Allies Liberate Rome:     June 5, 1944
Gen. Eisenhower Gives the Ordersfor D-Day [―Operation Overlord‖]
D-Day (June 6, 1944)
Normandy Landing                      (June 6, 1944)German Prisoners                       Higgins Landing Crafts
July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot                      Major Claus von                       Stauffenberg
July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot          1. Adolf Hitler          2. Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel          3. Gen Alfred...
The Liberation of Paris:August 25, 1944      De Gaulle in       Triumph!
U. S. Troops in Paris, 1944
French Female Collaborators
The Battle of the Bulge:   Hitler‘s Last Offensive         Dec. 16, 1944               to         Jan. 28, 1945
Yalta: February, 1945y FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific  war.y FDR & Churchill concede Stalin needs  buffer, FDR ...
The Yalta Conference (1)• Unconditional surrender of Nazi  Germany.• After the war, Germany and Berlin  would be split int...
The Yalta Conference (2)• Germany would undergo  demilitarization and elimination of the  Nazi party.• German reparations ...
The Yalta Conference (3)• Citizens of the Soviet Union and  of Yugoslavia were to be handed  over to their respective coun...
The Yalta Conference (4)• Stalin agreed to enter the fight  against the Empire of Japan within  90 days after the defeat o...
Mussolini &His Mistress,  Claretta   PetacciAre Hung inMilan, 1945
US & Russian Soldiers Meet at the Elbe River: April 25, 1945
Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed
Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed                      Entrance to                      Auschwitz:                    Work ...
Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed                       Eli Wiesel     Slave Labor at Buchenwald
Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed   Mass Graves at Bergen-Belsen
Hitler‘s ―Secret Weapons‖:     Too Little, Too Late!                    V-1 Rocket:                    ―Buzz Bomb‖  V-2 Ro...
Hitler Commits Suicide           April 30, 1945                         Cyanide & PistolsThe Führer‘s Bunker              ...
V-E Day (May 8, 1945)   General Keitel
V-E Day (May 8, 1945)
The Code Breakers of WW II                           The Japanese                          ―Purple‖ [naval]               ...
Pearl Harbor
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
Pearl Harbor from the Cockpit      of a Japanese Pilot
Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941  A date which will live in infamy!
President Roosevelt Signs the   US Declaration of War
USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor Memorial   2,887 Americans Dead!
Pacific Theater of Operations
―Tokyo Rose‖
Paying for the War
Paying for the War
Paying for the War
Betty Grable: Allied Pinup GirlShe Reminded Men What They Were Fighting                                    For
Singapore Surrenders   [February, 1942]
U.S. Surrenders at Corregidor,  the Philippines [March, 1942]
Bataan Death March: April, 1942     76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans]  Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW      ...
Bataan: British Soldiers                         A                     Liberated                       British            ...
The Burma Campaign                     General Stilwell                   Leaving Burma, 1942The ―Burma Road‖
Allied Counter-Offensive:     ―Island-Hopping‖
―Island-Hopping‖: US Troops      on Kwajalien Island
Farthest Extentof Japanese Conquests
Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle:First U. S. Raids on Tokyo, 1942
Battle of the Coral Sea:      May 7-8, 1942
Battle of Midway Island:     June 4-6, 1942
Battle of Midway Island:     June 4-6, 1942
Japanese Kamikaze Planes:The Scourge of the South Pacific                     Kamikaze Pilots                        Suici...
Gen. MacArthur ―Returns‖ to   the Philippines! [1944]
US Marines on Mt. Surbachi,   Iwo Jima [Feb. 19, 1945]
Potsdam Conference:              July, 1945y FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime  Minister during conference.y Stal...
The Manhattan Project:            Los Alamos,                NM                                 I am become Major GeneralL...
Tinian Island, 1945Little Boy    Fat Man                        Enola Gay Crew
Col. Paul Tibbets & the A-Bomb
Hiroshima – August 6, 1945             © 70,000 killed               immediately.             © 48,000 buildings.         ...
The Beginning of the    Atomic Age
Nagasaki – August 9, 1945© 40,000 killed  immediately.© 60,000 injured.© 100,000s died of  radiation poisoning  & cancer l...
Japanese A-Bomb Survivors
Hiroshima Memorials
V-J Day (September 2, 1945)
Japanese POWs, Guam
V-J Day in Times Square, NYC
WW II Casualties: Europe                      Each symbol                    indicates 100,000                       dead ...
WW II Casualties: Asia                     Each symbol                   indicates 100,000                      dead in th...
Country          Men in war   Battle deaths     Wounded                                                            WW IIAu...
Massive Human Dislocations
The U.S. & the U.S.S.R.Emerged as the Two Superpowers       of the later 20c
The Bi-Polarization of Europe: The Beginning of the Cold War
The Division of Germany:     1945 - 1990
The Creation of the U. N.
The Nuremberg War Trials:  Crimes Against Humanity
Japanese War Crimes Trials                     General                   Hideki TojoBio-ChemicalExperiments
7 Future American Presidents   Served in World War II
The Race for   Space
Early Computer Technology   Came Out of WW II                     Colossus, 1941Mark I, 1944               Admiral Grace H...
The Emergence of ThirdWorld Nationalist Movements
The De-Colonization of  European Empires
World War II
World War II
World War II
World War II
World War II
World War II
World War II
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World War II

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World War II

  1. 1. By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. The Versailles Treaty
  3. 3. A Weak League of Nations
  4. 4. The Ineffectiveness of the League of Nations y No control of major conflicts. y No progress in disarmament. y No effective military force.
  5. 5. The ―Stab-In-The-Back‖ Theory German soldiers are dissatisfied.
  6. 6. Decadence of the Weimar Republic
  7. 7. France – False Sense of Security? The Maginot Line
  8. 8. France – False Sense of Security?
  9. 9. International AgreementsLocarno Pact – 1925 y France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy  Guarantee existing frontiers  Establish DMZ 30 miles deep on East bank of Rhine River  Refrain from aggression against each otherKellogg-Briand Pact – 1928 y Makes war illegal as a tool of diplomacy  No enforcement provisions
  10. 10. The Great Depression
  11. 11. The Manchurian Crisis, 1931
  12. 12. Japan Invades Manchuria, 1931
  13. 13. Italy Attacks Ethiopia, 1935 Emperor Haile Selassie
  14. 14. Germany Invades the Rhineland March 7, 1936
  15. 15. U. S. Neutrality Acts: 1934, 1935, 1937, 1939
  16. 16. America-First Committee Charles Lindbergh
  17. 17. Rome-Berlin Axis, 1936 The ―Pact of Steel‖
  18. 18. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 The The National Popular Front Front [Nationalists] [Republicans]y Carlists [ultra-Catholic y Anarcho-Syndicalists. monarchists]. y Basques.y Catholic Church. y Catalans.y Falange [fascist] Party. y Communists.y Monarchists. y Marxists. y Republicans. y Socialists.
  19. 19. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939
  20. 20. The Spanish Civil War
  21. 21. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 The American ―Lincoln Brigade‖
  22. 22. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 Francisco Franco
  23. 23. The Spanish Civil War:A Dress Rehearsal for WW II? Italian troops in Madrid
  24. 24. ―Guernica‖ by Pablo Picasso
  25. 25. The Japanese Invasion of China, 1937
  26. 26. The Austrian Anschluss, 1938
  27. 27. The ―Problem‖ of the Sudetenland
  28. 28. Appeasement: The Munich Agreement, 1938 British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain Now we have ―peace in our time!‖ HerrHitler is a man we can do business with.
  29. 29. Czechoslovakia Becomes Part of the Third Reich: 1939
  30. 30. The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, 1939 Foreign Ministersvon Ribbentrop & Molotov
  31. 31. Poland Attacked: Sept. 1, 1939 Blitzkrieg [―Lightening War‖]
  32. 32. German Troops March into Warsaw
  33. 33. Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, 1940 The Tripartite Pact
  34. 34. European Theater of Operations
  35. 35. The ―Phoney War‖ Ends: Spring, 1940
  36. 36. Dunkirk Evacuated June 4, 1940
  37. 37. France Surrenders June, 1940
  38. 38. A Divided France Henri Petain
  39. 39. The French ResistanceThe Free French General Charles DeGaulle The Maquis
  40. 40. Now Britain Is All Alone!
  41. 41. U. S. Lend-Lease Act, 1941Great Britain.........................$31 billionSoviet Union..........................$11 billionFrance..................................$3 billionChina..................................$1.5 billionOther European......................$500 millionSouth America.......................$400 million The amount totaled: $48,601,365,000
  42. 42. Lend-Lease
  43. 43. Battle of Britain: The ―Blitz‖
  44. 44. Battle of Britain:The ―Blitz‖
  45. 45. The London ―Tube‖:Air Raid Shelters during the Blitz
  46. 46. The Royal Air Force
  47. 47. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
  48. 48. The Atlantic Charter y Roosevelt and Churchill sign treaty of friendship in August 1941. y Solidifies alliance. y Fashioned after Wilson‘s 14 Points. y Calls for League of Nations type organization.
  49. 49. Operation Barbarossa:Hitler‘s Biggest Mistake
  50. 50. Operation Barbarossa: June 22, 1941 y 3,000,000 German soldiers. y 3,400 tanks.
  51. 51. The ―Big Three‖Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin
  52. 52. Axis Powers in 1942
  53. 53. Battle of Stalingrad: Winter of 1942-1943 German Army Russian Army 1,011,500 men 1,000,500 men10,290 artillery guns 13,541 artillery guns 675 tanks 894 tanks 1,216 planes 1,115 planes
  54. 54. The North Africa Campaign: The Battle of El Alamein, 1942 Gen. Ernst Rommel, The ―Desert Fox‖Gen. Bernard LawMontgomery (―Monty‖)
  55. 55. The Italian Campaign [―Operation Torch‖] : Europe‘s ―Soft Underbelly‖y Allies plan assault on weakest Axis area - North Africa - Nov. 1942-May 1943y George S. Patton leads American troopsy Germans trapped in Tunisia - surrender over 275,000 troops.
  56. 56. The Battle for Sicily: June, 1943 GeneralGeorge S. Patton
  57. 57. George C. ScottPlaying General Patton in the 1968 Movie, ―Patton‖
  58. 58. The Battle of Monte Casino: February, 1944
  59. 59. The Allies Liberate Rome: June 5, 1944
  60. 60. Gen. Eisenhower Gives the Ordersfor D-Day [―Operation Overlord‖]
  61. 61. D-Day (June 6, 1944)
  62. 62. Normandy Landing (June 6, 1944)German Prisoners Higgins Landing Crafts
  63. 63. July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot Major Claus von Stauffenberg
  64. 64. July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot 1. Adolf Hitler 2. Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel 3. Gen Alfred von Jodl 4. Gen Walter Warlimont 5. Franz von Sonnleithner 6. Maj Herbert Buchs 7. Stenographer Heinz Buchholz 8. Lt Gen Hermann Fegelein 9. Col Nikolaus von Below 10. Rear Adm Hans-Erich Voss 11. Otto Gunsche, Hitlers adjutant 12. Gen Walter Scherff (injured) 13. Gen Ernst John von Freyend 14. Capt Heinz Assman (injured)
  65. 65. The Liberation of Paris:August 25, 1944 De Gaulle in Triumph!
  66. 66. U. S. Troops in Paris, 1944
  67. 67. French Female Collaborators
  68. 68. The Battle of the Bulge: Hitler‘s Last Offensive Dec. 16, 1944 to Jan. 28, 1945
  69. 69. Yalta: February, 1945y FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific war.y FDR & Churchill concede Stalin needs buffer, FDR & Stalin want spheres of influence and a weak Germany.y Churchill wants strong Germany as buffer against Stalin.y FDR argues for a ‗United Nations‘.
  70. 70. The Yalta Conference (1)• Unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany.• After the war, Germany and Berlin would be split into four occupied zones.• Stalin agreed that France might have a fourth occupation zone in Germany and in Austria but it would have to be formed out of the American and British zones.
  71. 71. The Yalta Conference (2)• Germany would undergo demilitarization and elimination of the Nazi party.• German reparations were partly to be in the form of forced labor to repair damage Germany inflicted on its victims.• The Polish eastern border would follow the Curzon Line, and Poland would receive territorial compensation in the West from Germany.
  72. 72. The Yalta Conference (3)• Citizens of the Soviet Union and of Yugoslavia were to be handed over to their respective countries, regardless of their consent.• Stalin agreed, to participate in the United Nations and requested that all of the 16 Soviet Socialist Republics e granted United Nations membership. 14 republics were ultimately denied.
  73. 73. The Yalta Conference (4)• Stalin agreed to enter the fight against the Empire of Japan within 90 days after the defeat of Germany.• Nazi war criminals were to be hunted down and brought to justice.• A "Committee on Dismemberment of Germany" was to be set up to decide whether Germany was to be divided into six nations.
  74. 74. Mussolini &His Mistress, Claretta PetacciAre Hung inMilan, 1945
  75. 75. US & Russian Soldiers Meet at the Elbe River: April 25, 1945
  76. 76. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed
  77. 77. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Entrance to Auschwitz: Work Makes You FreeCrematoria at Majdanek
  78. 78. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Eli Wiesel Slave Labor at Buchenwald
  79. 79. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Mass Graves at Bergen-Belsen
  80. 80. Hitler‘s ―Secret Weapons‖: Too Little, Too Late! V-1 Rocket: ―Buzz Bomb‖ V-2 Rocket Werner von Braun
  81. 81. Hitler Commits Suicide April 30, 1945 Cyanide & PistolsThe Führer‘s Bunker Mr. & Mrs. Hitler
  82. 82. V-E Day (May 8, 1945) General Keitel
  83. 83. V-E Day (May 8, 1945)
  84. 84. The Code Breakers of WW II The Japanese ―Purple‖ [naval] Code Machine Bletchley Park The German ―Enigma‖ Machine
  85. 85. Pearl Harbor
  86. 86. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
  87. 87. Pearl Harbor from the Cockpit of a Japanese Pilot
  88. 88. Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941 A date which will live in infamy!
  89. 89. President Roosevelt Signs the US Declaration of War
  90. 90. USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor
  91. 91. Pearl Harbor Memorial 2,887 Americans Dead!
  92. 92. Pacific Theater of Operations
  93. 93. ―Tokyo Rose‖
  94. 94. Paying for the War
  95. 95. Paying for the War
  96. 96. Paying for the War
  97. 97. Betty Grable: Allied Pinup GirlShe Reminded Men What They Were Fighting For
  98. 98. Singapore Surrenders [February, 1942]
  99. 99. U.S. Surrenders at Corregidor, the Philippines [March, 1942]
  100. 100. Bataan Death March: April, 1942 76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans] Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps in the Philippines.
  101. 101. Bataan: British Soldiers A Liberated British POW
  102. 102. The Burma Campaign General Stilwell Leaving Burma, 1942The ―Burma Road‖
  103. 103. Allied Counter-Offensive: ―Island-Hopping‖
  104. 104. ―Island-Hopping‖: US Troops on Kwajalien Island
  105. 105. Farthest Extentof Japanese Conquests
  106. 106. Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle:First U. S. Raids on Tokyo, 1942
  107. 107. Battle of the Coral Sea: May 7-8, 1942
  108. 108. Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942
  109. 109. Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942
  110. 110. Japanese Kamikaze Planes:The Scourge of the South Pacific Kamikaze Pilots Suicide Bombers
  111. 111. Gen. MacArthur ―Returns‖ to the Philippines! [1944]
  112. 112. US Marines on Mt. Surbachi, Iwo Jima [Feb. 19, 1945]
  113. 113. Potsdam Conference: July, 1945y FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime Minister during conference.y Stalin only original.y The United States has the A-bomb.y Allies agree Germany is to be divided into occupation zonesy Poland moved around to suit P.M. Clement President Joseph the Soviets. Atlee Truman Stalin
  114. 114. The Manhattan Project: Los Alamos, NM I am become Major GeneralLesley R. Groves death, the shatterer of worlds! Dr. Robert Oppenheimer
  115. 115. Tinian Island, 1945Little Boy Fat Man Enola Gay Crew
  116. 116. Col. Paul Tibbets & the A-Bomb
  117. 117. Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 © 70,000 killed immediately. © 48,000 buildings. destroyed. © 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
  118. 118. The Beginning of the Atomic Age
  119. 119. Nagasaki – August 9, 1945© 40,000 killed immediately.© 60,000 injured.© 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
  120. 120. Japanese A-Bomb Survivors
  121. 121. Hiroshima Memorials
  122. 122. V-J Day (September 2, 1945)
  123. 123. Japanese POWs, Guam
  124. 124. V-J Day in Times Square, NYC
  125. 125. WW II Casualties: Europe Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations
  126. 126. WW II Casualties: Asia Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations
  127. 127. Country Men in war Battle deaths Wounded WW IIAustralia 1,000,000 26,976 180,864Austria 800,000 280,000 350,117Belgium 625,000 8,460 55,5131 CasualtiesBrazil2 40,334 943 4,222Bulgaria 339,760 6,671 21,878Canada 1,086,3437 42,0427 53,145China3 17,250,521 1,324,516 1,762,006Czechoslovakia — 6,6834 8,017Denmark — 4,339 — 1. Civilians only. 2. Army and navy figures.Finland 500,000 79,047 50,000 3. Figures cover period July 7,France — 201,568 400,000 1937 to Sept. 2, 1945,Germany 20,000,000 3,250,0004 7,250,000 and concern only Chinese regular troops. They do notGreece — 17,024 47,290 include casualties sufferedHungary — 147,435 89,313 by guerrillas and localIndia 2,393,891 32,121 64,354 military corps. 4. Deaths from all causes.Italy 3,100,000 149,4964 66,716 5. Against Soviet Russia;Japan 9,700,000 1,270,000 140,000 385,847Netherlands 280,000 6,500 2,860 against Nazi Germany. 6. Against Soviet Russia;New Zealand 194,000 11,6254 17,000 169,822Norway 75,000 2,000 — against Nazi Germany.Poland — 664,000 530,000 7. National Defense Ctr., CanadianRomania 650,0005 350,0006 — Forces Hq., Director ofSouth Africa 410,056 2,473 — History.U.S.S.R. — 6,115,0004 14,012,000United Kingdom 5,896,000 357,1164 369,267United States 16,112,566 291,557 670,846Yugoslavia 3,741,000 305,000 425,000
  128. 128. Massive Human Dislocations
  129. 129. The U.S. & the U.S.S.R.Emerged as the Two Superpowers of the later 20c
  130. 130. The Bi-Polarization of Europe: The Beginning of the Cold War
  131. 131. The Division of Germany: 1945 - 1990
  132. 132. The Creation of the U. N.
  133. 133. The Nuremberg War Trials: Crimes Against Humanity
  134. 134. Japanese War Crimes Trials General Hideki TojoBio-ChemicalExperiments
  135. 135. 7 Future American Presidents Served in World War II
  136. 136. The Race for Space
  137. 137. Early Computer Technology Came Out of WW II Colossus, 1941Mark I, 1944 Admiral Grace Hooper, 1944-1992 COBOL language
  138. 138. The Emergence of ThirdWorld Nationalist Movements
  139. 139. The De-Colonization of European Empires
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