Eductaion reforms in pakistan(pem group presentation)


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Eductaion reforms in pakistan(pem group presentation)

  1. 1. Topic
  2. 2. Group Members • Danyal Mustafa • Sartaj Sangi • Samreen shah • Bilawal Pehchuho
  3. 3. Outlines • • • • • • • Introduction Education System in Pakistan Importance of Education Different system of education Some Issues Recommendations Conclusion
  4. 4. Importance of education • Education is the base and everybody knows the importance of education no nation can survive without quality or modern education. • It gives the path that leads towards bright future. • Education builds the nations and become powerful tool
  5. 5. Education in Pakistan • Pakistan produces about 445000 university graduates & 10,000 computer science graduates per year. • With 18 million of population the 11% of people having the command over English & it makes it 9th largest country in the world & 3rd largest country in Asia.
  6. 6. Different system of education • Urdu, public schools • English, A level, O level Education System in Pakistan • In Human development Report Pakistan is placed at 136th position for having just 49.9% educated population. In addition to that, Pakistan is ranked at 113th out of 120 registered UN members according to the research conducted by UNESCO et. all. Some of the very basic flaws of the education system in Pakistan contribute to the economic crisis within the country.
  7. 7. Flaws of Education System in Pakistan • System of Pakistan is based on unequal lines. Medium of education is different in both, public and private sector. This creates a sort of disparity among people, dividing them into two segments. Such a distraught infrastructure is a basic cause of high illiteracy rate in Pakistan and high dropout rates in rural areas and public school.
  8. 8. Flaws of Education System in Pakistan(Cont..) • Firstly, the education system of Pakistan is based on unequal lines. Medium of education is different in both, public and private sector. • Secondly, regional disparity is also a major cause. The schools in Balochistan (the largest province of Pakistan by Area) are not that much groomed as that of Punjab (the largest province Of Pakistan by Population). In FATA, the literacy rate is deplorable constituting 29.5% in males and 3% in females.
  9. 9. Flaws of Education system in Pakistan(Cont..) • Third major cause of flawed education system in Pakistan is gender discrimination. • For the last few years there has been an increase in the growth of private schools. • Fourthly, the lack of technical education is a biggest flaw in the education policy that has never been focused before. Therefore, less technical people means low standard of education.
  10. 10. literacy rate Literacy is the ability to read and write one's own name and further for knowledge and interest.
  11. 11. Literacy rate, primary, secondary schools : Economic Survey • The overall literacy rate for age 10 years and above is 57.7 percent, • 69.5 percent for male and 45.2 percent for female . • during 2008-09 literacy rate was the 57.4 percent, 69.3 percent for male and 44.7 percent for female. • The survey’s data shows that literacy remains higher in urban areas (73.2 percent) than in rural areas (49.2 percent)
  12. 12. Some Issues By: Samreen
  13. 13. • Education institute are not easily accessible to every student • Uneducated parents; a hurdle for their children in their way to get education • Expenses of books • Teacher absenteeism absenteeism • Teacher posting is not on merit
  14. 14. Recommendations By: Sartaj Ahmed Sangi
  15. 15. • Decentralized Education System • Uniform and Updated Syllabi for all Pakistan • Budget should be increased up to 8% and must be well organized. • Primary education for all • Girls education should be encouraged • Incentives for teachers • Promotion of technical education • Security for the education institutes • Special Attention for the rural areas • Examination System should be clean • Expansion in Universities