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  • 1. University of Crete Enabling Technologies Prof. Dimitris Plexousakis Department of Computer Science, University of CreteThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 2. Enabling Technologies University of Crete• Definition of “Enabling Technology” (www.businessdictionary.com) “Equipment and/or methodology that, alone or in combination with associated technologies, provides the means to generate giant leaps in performance and capabilities of the user. For example, the coming together of telecommunication technologies, internet, and groupware has leveled the field so that even smaller firms are able to compete in areas where they otherwise could not.”This project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 3. Enabling Technologies University of CreteEnabling ICT technologies that can provide afundamental contribution to promote growthand competition and can help boost theeconomy in rural areas: • Broadband infrastructure services (Broadband development in Greek rural areas) • Cloud Computing servicesThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 4. University of Crete Broadband development in Greek rural areasThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 5. Broadband development in rural areas: Context University of Crete• Greece comprises a significant number of remote and dispersed residential departments. Most of these areas are mountainous or insular, economically disadvantaged and scarcely populated – population in such areas represents only 7,56% of the total Greek population – about 50% of the residents over 55 years of age – these areas correspond to almost 45% of the Greek territory, in terms of geographical coverage and number of villagesThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 6. Broadband development in rural areas: Context University of Crete• Significant broadband infrastructural gap, due to technical, geographical and socioeconomic characteristics of such rural areas (“white” areas).• Lack of sufficient incentives for commercial operators to upgrade or expand the existing networks - lack of commercial interest in the targeted areas.This project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 7. “White” areas University of Crete http://mapsrv2.terra.gr/eettutilities/mapnew.aspxThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 8. “White” areas in the Region of Crete University of CreteThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 9. Broadband development in rural areas: Measures University of Crete• The objective of the Greek state is to close the “broadband gap” between the white rural areas and the grey/black areas in Greece.• Targets: areas where no broadband services are available and where operators have no incentives to provide such services on commercial terms.This project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 10. Description of the measure University of Crete• Goal: provide broadband infrastructure coverage to a substantial part of the white areas of the country as well as reliable and affordable connectivity services.• Specific objectives – promoting infrastructure penetration targets of 20% in the short-term and up to 35% in the medium-term – providing a basis for a gradual increase to 30Mbps for each prospective customer – fostering a competitive market preventing that a single operator gains special advantagesThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 11. Description of the measure University of Crete• To achieve the aforementioned objectives, the Greek authorities intend to develop and operate a broadband network infrastructure which will be open to all network operators requesting access – public ownership of the infrastructure – open tender process for awarding the construction, management and operation of the network to a winning contractorThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 12. Duration of the measure University of Crete• Rollout of the infrastructure: 2012 to 2015.• The contract for management and operation of the network will have a 10-year duration.• After that period, the Greek authorities (who retain the ownership of the network) may proceed with a new awarding procedure.This project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 13. Budget and funding instruments University of Crete• The sources of public funding are – the Rural Development Program of Greece 2007-2013 (EARFD), – the Operational Program “Digital Convergence” (ERDF), – other national funds, to cover specific non-eligible expenses of the above European funds.• The maximum amount of public funding (all sources included) may come up to €250.000.000.• Since the contract will be awarded through an open tender procedure, the final public contribution is expected to be lower.This project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 14. Technology University of Crete• The backhaul part of the network should be based on fiber optic technology• Operators will use technologies of choice for the connection of the access segments to the backhaul partThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 15. University of Crete Cloud Computing servicesThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 16. What are Cloud Services? University of CreteThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 17. The types of Cloud Services University of CreteThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 18. Benefits of virtualization University of Crete1.Cost savings –"pay as you go" / "pay per use" model2.Scalability – access to more IT resources any time3.Security and disaster recovery – data redundancy and rapid recovery4.Optimum use of resources, environment- friendliness, lower energy consumption, with smaller carbon footprintsThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 19. Cost savings - Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) University of Crete $5.000 $4.500 $4.000 $3.500 HW/ SW $3.000 Op er at io n s $2.500 Ad m in ist r at io n $2.000 En d User I T Co st s $1.500 Do w n t im e $1.000 $500 $0 Physical Virtual machine machine 40% 29% 88% 78% Source: Gartner Inc (8/05), IDC (11/05) ReductionThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible Increase Reduction Reduction by theINTERREG IVC programme operations HW and S W IT work er IT staff costs costs downtim e productivityThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 20. Cloud Computing services in rural areas University of Crete• The cloud infrastructure will be hosted in a Data Center at an urban area; the rural areas will deploy the services without concerns about electric power and network availability in their locale• SMEs in rural areas will be able to offer e- commerce services for their customers without need to purchase any hardware or software: particular services may be requested from cloud services providersThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 21. Cloud Computing services in rural areas University of Crete• Local communities will increasingly offer localized content• Entrepreneurship will be encouraged due to low entry cost• Services will be addressed to customers beyond the local population• Competition and competitiveness will increaseThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 22. Cloud Computing services in rural areas University of Crete• Cloud Computing can be a solution to fulfill the needs of e-Government in rural areas – Cloud computing permits to uniformly cover the whole country with e-government solutions, independently of divergence of local administrative authorities. – Service-oriented architecture facilitates the provision of composite services implementing entire customer processes, where a customer may be a citizen or an enterprise.This project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 23. The transformation of the tourism sector: the Tourist 3 University of Crete • “Today’s tourists are geared towards the 3.0 environment; they are connected to the Net and are highly present in social networks. Consequently, it is more important than ever for destinations and tourism enterprises to not only have an Internet presence but also to offer their users a good experience and the necessary tools to interact with the supply side and with other users.” United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO): Microsoft and UNWTO to drive innovation in the tourism sector, PR 12010, Madrid, 28 Feb 12This project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 24. Summary University of Crete• Enabling technologies of strategic importance to the development of rural areas and in particular to the development of tourism services : – Broadband infrastructure services – Cloud computing• New measures undertaken by the Greek state are expected to yield substantial benefit for the development of broadband connectivity• Regional data centers may host value-added B2B and B2C services in an economic and scalable mannerThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 25. University of Crete Thank you!This project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein
  • 26. Description of the measure University of Crete• The winning contractor will only offer wholesale services and will not be able to offer retail broadband services.• End users will be served by third party telecom operators or internet service providers, who will gain access to the new network at a fee which will be set and monitored by the Greek National Regulatory Authority EETT.• The network will be able to offer two types of services: – "Class A" services of 30 Mbit/s - available for at least45% of the targeted population, including all residential departments with more than 400 inhabitants – "Class B" services of 8 Mbit/s - for the other rural areas (but is considered only an intermediate step and Class A services).• The measure aims at achieving coverage of at least 75% of the population of the rural areas and at least 50% of the areasThis project is co-financed by the ERDF and made possible by theINTERREG IVC programmeThe contents reflect the authors views. The Managing Authority is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein