WWI Causes


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WWI Causes

  1. 1. Causes of WWI
  2. 2. Long Term Causes <ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>-Starting with the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>-National identities become important, desire respect and prestige </li></ul><ul><li>-1871 Germany and Italy become countries -they want to catch up with Britain /France </li></ul><ul><li>-Pride in country based upon industrial power and colonies. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Industrialization <ul><li>1850s on sees industrialization spread to continental Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Economic competition between nations begin-Germany quickly gaining on Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation, communication, and military advances continue </li></ul><ul><li>Need for markets and raw materials=> $$$ </li></ul>
  4. 4. Imperialism <ul><li>Nationalism and industrialization tied to colonial power </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for colonies increases tensions </li></ul><ul><li>European nations military, political, and economic domination of Africa and Asia build empires </li></ul>
  5. 5. Militarism <ul><li>Between 1870 and 1914, European nations increase military spending by 400% </li></ul><ul><li>Many believed war was coming </li></ul><ul><li>German, Russian Generals extremely powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Arms Race developes </li></ul>
  6. 6. Short-Term Causes <ul><li>Entangling alliances pulled everyone into the war </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy) “Central Powers” </li></ul><ul><li>Germany gave Austria-Hungary a “blank check” </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Entente (England, France, and Russia) – Treaty of Friendship “Allies” </li></ul><ul><li>France was“concerned” about Germany’s growing Military </li></ul><ul><li>England was concerned with Germany’s Navy </li></ul>
  7. 8. Precipitating Events <ul><li>Moroccan Crisis between France and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Balkan Wars in 1912-23 raises tensions between Russia, Serbia, Germany, and Austria-Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Balkans considered the “Powder Keg of Europe” </li></ul>
  8. 9. Precipitating Events <ul><li>German, French, Austrian, and English Arms Race. </li></ul><ul><li>Naval Fleets competed to be bigger and better. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Domino Effect <ul><li>In June 1914, Archduke Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, travels to Sarajevo with his wife to review the Austrian Hungarian army on maneuvers. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Domino Effect <ul><li>(1) June 28, 1914 – Austrian Archduke Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia </li></ul><ul><li>A nineteen year-old member of the Black Hand, Gavrilo Princip, jumped from the sidewalk onto the Archduke's car and fired 2 shots. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Austria-Hungary blames Serbia for supporting Bosnian Nationalist for the assassination. <ul><li>. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Domino Effect <ul><li>(2) Austria Hungary issues an ultimatum to Serbia to allow Austrian forces to investigate and stop anti-Austrian activities in Serbia. (Austria knows Serbia will not accept) </li></ul>
  13. 14. Domino Effect <ul><li>(3) Serbia refuses ultimatum, Austria-Hungary declares war </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Russia mobilizes army to defend Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>(5) Germany declares war on Russia </li></ul>
  14. 15. Domino Effect <ul><li>(6) France declares war on Germany </li></ul><ul><li>(7) Germany invades Belgium to attack France </li></ul><ul><li>(8) Britain declares war on Germany </li></ul>
  15. 16. Countries Mobilize for war: Nationalism and Patriotism
  16. 17. Domino Effect <ul><li>Italy decides that its chances to gain land is better with France, Britain, and Russia and leaves the Triple Alliance in 1915. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  17. 18. The World at War - 1914
  18. 19. Domino Effect <ul><li>Most of the fighting takes place in Western Europe, even though the conflict started in the Balkans in Eastern Europe </li></ul>
  19. 20. Results-OVERVIEW <ul><li>Stalemate </li></ul><ul><li>Trench Warfare </li></ul><ul><li>No real movement </li></ul><ul><li>for 4 years! </li></ul>
  20. 21. Results- OVERVIEW 1914-1918 <ul><li>9,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>45,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1,350,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>27,900,000 </li></ul><ul><li>11,250,000 </li></ul><ul><li>414,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>22,500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Dead </li></ul><ul><li>Wounded </li></ul><ul><li>Pounds of bone and flesh </li></ul><ul><li>Pounds of brain matter </li></ul><ul><li>Gallons of blood </li></ul><ul><li>Years of life not lived </li></ul><ul><li>Children not born </li></ul>