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Technology In The Great War
 

Technology In The Great War

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    Technology In The Great War Technology In The Great War Presentation Transcript

    • Technology in the Great War Industrialized Warfare
    • Improvements on Old Ideas
      • Rifles
      • Grenades
      • Machine Guns
      • Artillery
    • Rifles
      • Bolt Action
      • Carried 5-10 rounds
      • Could fire 30-40 rounds per minute
      • Extremely accurate
    • Grenades
      • Existed for hundreds of Years
      • First WW1 grenades were old cans with fuses or explosives tied to sticks!
      • (Dangerous more to the thrower than receiver!)
    • German Stick Grenade
    • The Machine Gun
      • Also known as:
      • “ The Killing Machine”
      • “ The Devil’s Paint Brush”
      • Could fire 500 rounds per minute!
      • Responsible for most of the Stalemate.
    • Artillery
      • Bigger was better
      • Highly Accurate
      • Used by the thousands
      • Most soldiers killed by constant artillery (night and day)
                                
    • The Biggest: French 520mm howitzer
      • It could deliver a 3,100 lb shell (600 lbs of explosive) over 10 miles
      • The gun car was just under 100 feet long and weighed 290 tons.
      • Shell was the size of a VW bug!
    • German “Paris Gun”
      • 75 Miles range
      • Could reach the upper atmosphere!
      • The gun had an overall length of 112 feet (34 meters) and weighed 138 tons.
    •  
    • Effects of Artillery                                       
    • New Technology in War
      • Tanks
      • Gas / Chemical Warfare
      • Submarine
      • Flame thrower
      • Airplane
    • Tanks
      • An attempt to end the stalemate
      • First used by the British to break through German Lines and protect men
      • Problems:
      • Slow moving (5 mph)
      • Got stuck in mud = killed by German Artillery
      • Not very effective
    • Gas Warfare
    • Gas Warfare
      • First used by the Germans trying to end the stalemate in 1915.
      • Delivered by canister and later Artillery Shells
      • Used extensively by ALL sides.
    • Gas Warfare
      • Early gasmask consisted of urinating on a rag, placing goggles on the face and holding the rag up to your mouth and nose to breath through
    • Types of Gas used
      • Chlorine Gas: hydrochloric acid when coming in contact with moisture (eyes,&lungs burn)
      • Mustard Gas: Blistering agent-moist exposed skin: the eyes, lungs, armpits and groin
    • The Submarine
    • Submarine
      • Used by Germans to “starve” England
      • Very Effective weapon
      • Sank food and supplies allies needed desperately NOT battleships.
    • Flamethrower
      • Designed to burn out the enemy from a position
      • Victims would be smothered in a flammable liquid (while it was on fire)
    • The Airplane
      • Initially used to spy on the enemy
      • Later carried bombs (rather ineffective)
      • Then planes began shooting at one another (first “dog fights”)