Russian Revolution

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Russian Revolution

  1. 1. Russian Revolution From a Czar to a Man of Steel
  2. 2. Events in a Nutshell: “Peace, Land, Bread” <ul><li>November 1917: Bolsheviks overthrow Provisional Government </li></ul><ul><li>November 1917: Lenin orders re-distribution of land </li></ul><ul><li>March 1918: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed </li></ul><ul><li>1918-1920: Civil War (Reds vs. Whites) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Execution of Royal Family </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1921: New Economic Policy (transition to Communism) </li></ul><ul><li>1922: Founding of the Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bolsheviks re-name selves Communist Party </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. The Czar vs. Lenin <ul><li>Czar Nicholas II: </li></ul><ul><li>Autocrat </li></ul><ul><li>Largely incompetent </li></ul><ul><li>Unpopular German wife </li></ul><ul><li>Policies favored rich, aristocrats </li></ul><ul><li>Limited reform too late </li></ul><ul><li>Use of secret police, exile to silence critics </li></ul><ul><li>Vladimir Lenin: </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorship of the Proletariat (the Party) </li></ul><ul><li>State-owned property to be shared with all </li></ul><ul><li>Want/need to increase agricultural production, industry </li></ul><ul><li>Cheka : secret police to identify, silence critics </li></ul>
  4. 6. Karl Marx vs. Lenin <ul><li>Karl Marx: </li></ul><ul><li>Class Struggle: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tensions between capitalists and proletariat (workers) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Workers will overthrow capitalists </li></ul><ul><li>Workers will communally own and share all equally </li></ul><ul><li>Vladimir Lenin: </li></ul><ul><li>Believes the Class Struggle Part </li></ul><ul><li>Thinks proletariat will overthrow capitalists in revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Does not trust proletariat: Party should guide Communist Pipe Dream </li></ul>
  5. 7. Ridding the World of Despots and Capitalists… …Will bring joy and equality to the Proletariat!
  6. 8. Lenin Dies of Stroke, 1924
  7. 10. Leon Trotsky vs. Josef Stalin <ul><li>Trotsky: </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophical Man </li></ul><ul><li>Led Red Army during Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Full reform of Agriculture before industrializing </li></ul><ul><li>Seen as favorite to take over after Lenin’s Death </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin: </li></ul><ul><li>Very Undistinguished </li></ul><ul><li>Scary </li></ul><ul><li>Simultaneous Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions </li></ul><ul><li>Uncompromising </li></ul><ul><li>Liberal use of Secret Police, show trials, exiling, political slave labor </li></ul>
  8. 11. Stalin Had Trotsky Assassinated…
  9. 12. …and became an absolute dictator who ruled and exploited with an iron fist.
  10. 13. To Discuss: <ul><li>Does the Soviet Union deliver on its promises? </li></ul><ul><li>Is life actually better for the Soviet people? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the Russian Revolution compare to the French Revolution? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the Russian Revolution differ from the French Revolution? </li></ul>

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