The French Revolution
Causes of the Revolution 1789 <ul><li>Economic Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Three Estates (societal break down) </li></ul><ul>...
Economic Crisis <ul><li>Heavy Taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Crop Failures – food riots </li></ul><ul><li>Support of Americans in...
The Three Estates <ul><li>1 st  Estate = Clergy (1%) of population </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd  Estate = Noble </li></ul><ul><l...
Social Inequality <ul><li>1 st  and 2 nd  Estates were extremely Privileged </li></ul><ul><li>only ones to hold important ...
Influence from America and the Enlightenment <ul><li>It is right to take up arms against Tyranny </li></ul><ul><li>No taxa...
Louis XVI <ul><li>Preferred personal interests to court interest-delegated authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Weak leader </li><...
Marie Antoinette <ul><li>Married Louis when she was 14 (he was 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Austrian Royalty </li></ul><ul><li>Ver...
Estates- General Meeting  May 1789 <ul><li>France was almost bankrupt </li></ul><ul><li>Louis called for Estates General M...
Revolution Dawns <ul><li>Two privileged estates always out voted the third. </li></ul><ul><li>Third Estate tired and want ...
The National Assembly is formed: June 1789 <ul><li>Third Estate Reps vote to establish and call themselves “The National A...
Louis’ reaction to the National Assembly: <ul><li>Tries to make peace before full-scale rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Yields...
The Storming of the Bastille July 1789
The storming of the Bastille  July 1789 <ul><li>Paris peasants here of Louis decision to send his mercenary soldiers. </li...
 
 
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French Revolution Overview

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Transcript of "French Revolution Overview"

  1. 1. The French Revolution
  2. 2. Causes of the Revolution 1789 <ul><li>Economic Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Three Estates (societal break down) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Inequality </li></ul><ul><li>Influence of the Enlightenment & American Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XVI </li></ul>
  3. 3. Economic Crisis <ul><li>Heavy Taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Crop Failures – food riots </li></ul><ul><li>Support of Americans in their Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>DEBT! Half of budget went to interest! </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Three Estates <ul><li>1 st Estate = Clergy (1%) of population </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Estate = Noble </li></ul><ul><li>(2%) of population </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd Estate = Bourgeoisie, (middle class) workers, peasants. (97%) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Social Inequality <ul><li>1 st and 2 nd Estates were extremely Privileged </li></ul><ul><li>only ones to hold important positions </li></ul><ul><li>Exempt from taxes </li></ul><ul><li>97% of population paying half of income to taxes (3 rd ) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Influence from America and the Enlightenment <ul><li>It is right to take up arms against Tyranny </li></ul><ul><li>No taxation without Representation </li></ul><ul><li>All men should have liberal freedoms </li></ul><ul><li>A Republic is superior to a monarchy </li></ul>
  7. 7. Louis XVI <ul><li>Preferred personal interests to court interest-delegated authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Weak leader </li></ul><ul><li>Incapable of strong decisive actions </li></ul><ul><li>Ignored economic woes until too late. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Marie Antoinette <ul><li>Married Louis when she was 14 (he was 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Austrian Royalty </li></ul><ul><li>Very unpopular </li></ul><ul><li>Known as “Madame Deficit” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Estates- General Meeting May 1789 <ul><li>France was almost bankrupt </li></ul><ul><li>Louis called for Estates General Meeting (first time in 175 years) </li></ul><ul><li>It is an assembly of Reps from all three estates </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Estate (nobles) forced Louis to call for the meeting </li></ul>
  10. 10. Revolution Dawns <ul><li>Two privileged estates always out voted the third. </li></ul><ul><li>Third Estate tired and want change no matter what </li></ul><ul><li>Third Estate had more representatives than the first or second combined but had less power. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The National Assembly is formed: June 1789 <ul><li>Third Estate Reps vote to establish and call themselves “The National Assembly” to form a Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>They proclaimed the end to absolute monarchy! </li></ul><ul><li>Tennis Court Oath </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Deliberate act of Rebellion and Revolution. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Louis’ reaction to the National Assembly: <ul><li>Tries to make peace before full-scale rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Yields to demands of National Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Louis felt scared and ordered his Swiss Body Guards to Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction? </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Storming of the Bastille July 1789
  14. 14. The storming of the Bastille July 1789 <ul><li>Paris peasants here of Louis decision to send his mercenary soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>They fear that they will be killed. </li></ul><ul><li>The peasants and bourgeoisie storm the Bastille, a local Prison, to arm themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>The mob grows as open rebellion takes over the entire city and then spills into the country side. </li></ul>
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