French Revolution Overview

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  • 1. The French Revolution
  • 2. Causes of the Revolution 1789
    • Economic Crisis
    • Three Estates (societal break down)
    • Social Inequality
    • Influence of the Enlightenment & American Revolution
    • Louis XVI
  • 3. Economic Crisis
    • Heavy Taxes
    • Crop Failures – food riots
    • Support of Americans in their Revolution
    • DEBT! Half of budget went to interest!
  • 4. The Three Estates
    • 1 st Estate = Clergy (1%) of population
    • 2 nd Estate = Noble
    • (2%) of population
    • 3 rd Estate = Bourgeoisie, (middle class) workers, peasants. (97%)
  • 5. Social Inequality
    • 1 st and 2 nd Estates were extremely Privileged
    • only ones to hold important positions
    • Exempt from taxes
    • 97% of population paying half of income to taxes (3 rd )
  • 6. Influence from America and the Enlightenment
    • It is right to take up arms against Tyranny
    • No taxation without Representation
    • All men should have liberal freedoms
    • A Republic is superior to a monarchy
  • 7. Louis XVI
    • Preferred personal interests to court interest-delegated authority.
    • Weak leader
    • Incapable of strong decisive actions
    • Ignored economic woes until too late.
  • 8. Marie Antoinette
    • Married Louis when she was 14 (he was 15
    • Austrian Royalty
    • Very unpopular
    • Known as “Madame Deficit”
  • 9. Estates- General Meeting May 1789
    • France was almost bankrupt
    • Louis called for Estates General Meeting (first time in 175 years)
    • It is an assembly of Reps from all three estates
    • 2 nd Estate (nobles) forced Louis to call for the meeting
  • 10. Revolution Dawns
    • Two privileged estates always out voted the third.
    • Third Estate tired and want change no matter what
    • Third Estate had more representatives than the first or second combined but had less power.
  • 11. The National Assembly is formed: June 1789
    • Third Estate Reps vote to establish and call themselves “The National Assembly” to form a Republic.
    • They proclaimed the end to absolute monarchy!
    • Tennis Court Oath
    • 1 st Deliberate act of Rebellion and Revolution.
  • 12. Louis’ reaction to the National Assembly:
    • Tries to make peace before full-scale rebellion
    • Yields to demands of National Assembly
    • Louis felt scared and ordered his Swiss Body Guards to Paris.
    • Reaction?
  • 13. The Storming of the Bastille July 1789
  • 14. The storming of the Bastille July 1789
    • Paris peasants here of Louis decision to send his mercenary soldiers.
    • They fear that they will be killed.
    • The peasants and bourgeoisie storm the Bastille, a local Prison, to arm themselves.
    • The mob grows as open rebellion takes over the entire city and then spills into the country side.
  • 15.  
  • 16.