American Revolution

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  • 1. Democracy in Action: The American Revolution
  • 2. Causes of the Revolution:
    • French and Indian War
    • Taxes to pay for the War
    • “ No Taxation without representation”
  • 3. The French and Indian War 1756-1763
    • Also known as the “7 years war.”
    • Fought between England and France for control over North America.
    • Native Americans were allies on both sides
    • War resulted in an uneasy peace and settlement.
    • Cost England LOTS of $$$$
  • 4. Taxes to pay for the war.
    • England needed to pay for the war debt and believed the colonist should share the bulk of the taxes.
  • 5. 1764 The Currency Act
    • Prohibited the colonist from making money
  • 6. 1765 The Stamp Act
    • Passed by Parliament to help pay for the war and to fund the large numbers of British Soldiers guarding the borders.
    • Colonist angrily react to the act as they had no say in Parliament.
  • 7. Quartering Act 1765
    • Required colonies to provide British Troops with housing and certain provisions
    • Effect: another way for Britain to save $$$
    • Result: Highly upsets colonist
  • 8. 1770 The Boston Massacre
  • 9. Tea Act 1773
    • Britain imposes taxes on imported Tea to the colonies
    • Result: Boston Tea Party 1773
    • (upset colonist throw tea overboard into Boston Harbor)
    • Result?????
  • 10. 1774 The Intolerable Acts
    • Parliament wants to punish the Colonies for their disobedience
    • Result: 1) Boston Harbor is closed
    • 2) The Massachusetts Assembly is
    • forbidden to meet
    • 3) Boston is occupied by 4,000 British soldiers
  • 11. The Quebec Act 1774
    • Another punishment from England
    • Limits the area of land in the west that colonist can settle (limits expansion!)
  • 12. Results of the Intolerable and Quebec Acts:
    • First Continental Congress meets and decides to boycott British Imports.
    • Major deplomacy begins to break down by 1774.
  • 13. 1775
    • British troops leave Boston to disarm nearby towns.
    • Result: Battles of Lexington and Concord cause 93 Colonist and 272 British Casualties. “The shot heard round the world” Why?…..
    • Result????
  • 14. WAR and open Rebellion is declared by 1776.
  • 15. The War 1776-1784
    • An unlikely victory.
    • It is wasn’t for France the colonist would have lost the Rebellion.
  • 16. You won…now what?????
    • Look back at 2,000 year history of Democracy
    • Decide what worked, what did not.
    • -Enlightenment Thinkers, Greeks, Romans, & British Constitutional History
    • MAKE A GOVERNMENT
  • 17. Peace and the formation of a Government
    • 1787 The Constitution is written
    • 1791 The Bill of Rights become part of the Constitution.
  • 18.