Democracy in Action: The American Revolution
Causes of the Revolution:
- “ No Taxation without representation”
The French and Indian War 1756-1763
- Also known as the “7 years war.”
- Fought between England and France for control over North America.
- Native Americans were allies on both sides
- War resulted in an uneasy peace and settlement.
- Cost England LOTS of $$$$
Taxes to pay for the war.
- England needed to pay for the war debt and believed the colonist should share the bulk of the taxes.
1764 The Currency Act
- Prohibited the colonist from making money
1765 The Stamp Act
- Passed by Parliament to help pay for the war and to fund the large numbers of British Soldiers guarding the borders.
- Colonist angrily react to the act as they had no say in Parliament.
Quartering Act 1765
- Required colonies to provide British Troops with housing and certain provisions
- Effect: another way for Britain to save $$$
- Result: Highly upsets colonist
1770 The Boston Massacre
Tea Act 1773
- Britain imposes taxes on imported Tea to the colonies
- Result: Boston Tea Party 1773
- (upset colonist throw tea overboard into Boston Harbor)
1774 The Intolerable Acts
- Parliament wants to punish the Colonies for their disobedience
- Result: 1) Boston Harbor is closed
- 2) The Massachusetts Assembly is
- 3) Boston is occupied by 4,000 British soldiers
The Quebec Act 1774
- Another punishment from England
- Limits the area of land in the west that colonist can settle (limits expansion!)
Results of the Intolerable and Quebec Acts:
- First Continental Congress meets and decides to boycott British Imports.
- Major deplomacy begins to break down by 1774.
- British troops leave Boston to disarm nearby towns.
- Result: Battles of Lexington and Concord cause 93 Colonist and 272 British Casualties. “The shot heard round the world” Why?…..
WAR and open Rebellion is declared by 1776.
The War 1776-1784
- It is wasn’t for France the colonist would have lost the Rebellion.
You won…now what?????
- Look back at 2,000 year history of Democracy
- Decide what worked, what did not.
- -Enlightenment Thinkers, Greeks, Romans, & British Constitutional History
Peace and the formation of a Government
- 1787 The Constitution is written
- 1791 The Bill of Rights become part of the Constitution.