The Five Mill Tree Method Search Marketing Lost its Tail Five Mill Marketing San Francisco, California
History - The Beginning <ul><li>CPM Advertising </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buy advertising space on the web </li></ul></ul><ul>...
History – Search Marketing <ul><li>PPC Advertising </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invented by GoTo/Overture in 1998 </li></ul></ul>...
History – Keyword Mapping “ Keyword”: california socks Note: These are just examples and keywords may not have mapped exac...
History - Keyword Landscape (‘98-’02) Search:   socks Result: Head Overture Inventory Tool Keyword Searches socks 5,000 re...
History - Building Ad Campaigns <ul><li>Step 1:  Build Adgroup(s) for “Head” word(s) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1a. Test ads </...
Google Changes the Game  (1/2) <ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Launches Adwords in 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><l...
Google Changes the Game  (2/2) <ul><li>The Important Features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Match type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
“ New” Keyword Landscape  (1/2) Head Tail Keyword Searches socks 5,000 red socks 400 wool socks 300 pink  socks 250 toe so...
“ New” Keyword Landscape  (2/2) Legend socks [red socks] Match Type Example Broad socks Phrase “ wool socks” Exact [socks]...
Bidding Methodology Revisited <ul><li>Step 1:  Build Adgroup for “Head” word(s) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1a. Test ads </li></...
“ Five Mill Tree Method” socks $2.50 CPC [socks] socks (- [socks]) $3.00 CPC $2.20 CPC GT: California [socks] (-GT: CA) $2...
Barriers of Entry – Geo-targeting  (1/2) ps. My apologies to Hawaii and Alaska residence, whom I chose not to include in t...
Barriers of Entry – Geo-targeting  (2/2) YOU CPC: $5.00 CPC: $1.00 Avg. Position:  1 Avg. Position: 1.5 <ul><li>Competitor...
Barriers of Entry – Optimized CPC: $6.00 CPC: $5.00 CPC: $1.50 CPC: $1.00 CPC: $ .50 CPC: $ .20 CPC: $ .10 pos.: 1 pos.: 1...
Added Benefits of Optimization <ul><li>Targeted adgroups -> Targeted ads </li></ul><ul><li>History with optimized ads -> h...
Rules about “Five Mill Tree Method” <ul><li>Reminder: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Five Mill Tree Method” is not just match typ...
Dan Soha Principal & SEM Specialist dan [at] fivemill [dot] com San Francisco, California Who are we?:  We are a  team  of...
Appendix Techniques/Tricks to Slice and Dice
Techniques/Tricks to Slice and Dice <ul><li>Match Type “Trumping” </li></ul><ul><li>Geo-Target “Trumping” </li></ul><ul><l...
Match Type “Trumping” <ul><li>2 Identical Ads </li></ul><ul><li>2  Different  Match Types </li></ul><ul><li>2  Different  ...
Geo-Target “Trumping” <ul><li>2 Identical Ads </li></ul><ul><li>2 Identical Match Types </li></ul><ul><li>2  Different  Ge...
Ad Competition  (1/2) <ul><li>Situation:  </li></ul><ul><li>I have  1 adgroup  with  10 keywords  and  2 ads .  </li></ul>...
Ad Competition  (2/2) Resolution: Let Google do the work for you! Step #2:  Duplicate adgroup and run 1 ad in each 1 Adgro...
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Five Mill Tree Method

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Five Mill Tree Method

  1. 1. The Five Mill Tree Method Search Marketing Lost its Tail Five Mill Marketing San Francisco, California
  2. 2. History - The Beginning <ul><li>CPM Advertising </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buy advertising space on the web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay per thousand impressions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertised with banners </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. History – Search Marketing <ul><li>PPC Advertising </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invented by GoTo/Overture in 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid per click on Search Engine ads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keywords were discreet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bidding on any of a list of “keywords” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search Engines would map the individual “keywords” to a list of search queries </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. History – Keyword Mapping “ Keyword”: california socks Note: These are just examples and keywords may not have mapped exactly as depicted. Search Queries: “ California wool socks” “ California blue socks” “ California SOX compliance”
  5. 5. History - Keyword Landscape (‘98-’02) Search: socks Result: Head Overture Inventory Tool Keyword Searches socks 5,000 red socks 400 wool socks 300 pink socks 250 toe socks 200 socks compliance 190 sock fetish 180 Tail multiple definitions unrelated unrelated
  6. 6. History - Building Ad Campaigns <ul><li>Step 1: Build Adgroup(s) for “Head” word(s) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1a. Test ads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2a. Pick best performing ad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3a. Bid keyword </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4a. Re-bid if/when performance changes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Build Out “The Long Tail” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyword Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Logs </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Google Changes the Game (1/2) <ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Launches Adwords in 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CPM Model </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Model was unbalanced </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inefficient & ineffective for Google and advertisers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google re-launched Adwords in 2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CPC Model </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CTR </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bid Price </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Google Changes the Game (2/2) <ul><li>The Important Features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Match type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geo-targeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dayparting </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. “ New” Keyword Landscape (1/2) Head Tail Keyword Searches socks 5,000 red socks 400 wool socks 300 pink socks 250 toe socks 200 socks compliance 190 sock fetish 180 Then socks Now All words related to “socks”
  10. 10. “ New” Keyword Landscape (2/2) Legend socks [red socks] Match Type Example Broad socks Phrase “ wool socks” Exact [socks] Geo-Targeting GT: CA [socks] GT: CA “ wool socks”
  11. 11. Bidding Methodology Revisited <ul><li>Step 1: Build Adgroup for “Head” word(s) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1a. Test ads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2a. Pick best performing ad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3a. Bid keyword </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4a. Re-bid if/when performance changes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Build Out “The Long Tail” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyword Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Logs </li></ul></ul>KW5 KW1 KW2 KW 4 KW6 KW7 KW3 Then Now: “Five Mill Tree Method”
  12. 12. “ Five Mill Tree Method” socks $2.50 CPC [socks] socks (- [socks]) $3.00 CPC $2.20 CPC GT: California [socks] (-GT: CA) $2.00 CPC $3.25 CPC GT: Los Angeles, CA GT: California (- Los Angeles,CA) $2.50 CPC $1.90 CPC
  13. 13. Barriers of Entry – Geo-targeting (1/2) ps. My apologies to Hawaii and Alaska residence, whom I chose not to include in this example. I promise it was for no other reason than fitting the map on the page. I love you both. CPC: $2.50 YOU “ But, why optimize!? I am already #1 everywhere!!!” <ul><li>In aggregate, competitor does not lose too much money. </li></ul><ul><li>Competitor can determine where ads work and where they don’t. </li></ul>Avg. Position: 1 Keyword: [socks] CPC: $3.50 Competitor Avg. Position: 1 2
  14. 14. Barriers of Entry – Geo-targeting (2/2) YOU CPC: $5.00 CPC: $1.00 Avg. Position: 1 Avg. Position: 1.5 <ul><li>Competitor gets good ad position. </li></ul><ul><li>Competitor gets relatively bad traffic. </li></ul><ul><li>Competitor does not analyze traffic too closely and finds Search Marketing unsuccessful. </li></ul>YOU Competitor Keyword: [socks] Competitor CPC: $3.50 1.5
  15. 15. Barriers of Entry – Optimized CPC: $6.00 CPC: $5.00 CPC: $1.50 CPC: $1.00 CPC: $ .50 CPC: $ .20 CPC: $ .10 pos.: 1 pos.: 1 pos.: 1 pos.: 1 pos.: 2 pos.: 4 pos.: 10 <ul><li>As you “slice and dice”… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competitor CPA will increase and/or conversions decrease . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your CPA will decrease and/or conversions will increase . </li></ul></ul>2. Optimization will protect your margins from competitors who start to bid more aggressively.
  16. 16. Added Benefits of Optimization <ul><li>Targeted adgroups -> Targeted ads </li></ul><ul><li>History with optimized ads -> high quality scores & low CPCs </li></ul><ul><li>Increased granularity and profitability </li></ul>
  17. 17. Rules about “Five Mill Tree Method” <ul><li>Reminder: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Five Mill Tree Method” is not just match type manipulation/optimization. It can be done with Geo-targeting, Dayparting, Ad competition and more! </li></ul></ul>Optimization with the “Five Mill Tree Method” will nearly always lead to… <ul><li>Increased conversions at the same overall CPA. </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased CPAs. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Barriers of Entry. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Dan Soha Principal & SEM Specialist dan [at] fivemill [dot] com San Francisco, California Who are we?: We are a team of Search Marketing experts that utilize math and computer science with a hands-on approach to solve complex Search Marketing problems with customized Search Marketing solutions .
  19. 19. Appendix Techniques/Tricks to Slice and Dice
  20. 20. Techniques/Tricks to Slice and Dice <ul><li>Match Type “Trumping” </li></ul><ul><li>Geo-Target “Trumping” </li></ul><ul><li>Ad Competition </li></ul>
  21. 21. Match Type “Trumping” <ul><li>2 Identical Ads </li></ul><ul><li>2 Different Match Types </li></ul><ul><li>2 Different Bids </li></ul>socks Match Type: Broad CPC: $3.00 [socks] Match Type: Exact CPC: $1.00 User Query: [socks] This query is mapped to this keyword because Google sees that the query is a closer match to the keyword and match type despite the lower bid.
  22. 22. Geo-Target “Trumping” <ul><li>2 Identical Ads </li></ul><ul><li>2 Identical Match Types </li></ul><ul><li>2 Different Geo-targets </li></ul><ul><li>2 Different Bids </li></ul>[socks] Match Type: Exact Geo-Target: USA CPC: $3.00 [socks] Match Type: Exact Geo-Target: New York CPC: $1.00 User Query: [socks] User Location: Brooklyn, New York This query is mapped to this keyword because Google sees that the geo-target is a closer match, despite the lower bid.
  23. 23. Ad Competition (1/2) <ul><li>Situation: </li></ul><ul><li>I have 1 adgroup with 10 keywords and 2 ads . </li></ul>Problem: I think the first ad is performing better for some keywords and the second ad is performing better for the rest . How do I optimize without analyzing my web logs?
  24. 24. Ad Competition (2/2) Resolution: Let Google do the work for you! Step #2: Duplicate adgroup and run 1 ad in each 1 Adgroup 10 Keywords 2 Ads 1 Adgroup 10 Keywords Ad #1 1 Adgroup 10 Keywords Ad #2 Step #1: Make sure bids are targeting current metrics of success Step #3: Let ads run until they have ample conversion history Step #4: Re-bid to current metrics of success Wrap your head around it : Due to Google’s CTR model designed to make them the most money possible and your re-bidding designed to hit your metrics, you will maximize conversions and the best keyword-ad combination will naturally occur. Step #5: Wait and repeat Step #4

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