Triangle OpenStack meetup 09 2013

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Hands on Lab installing RDO (openstack.redhat.com) and getting started using openstack.

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  • Name, title, role 5 years, Raleigh HQ. - Mysterious - complex - make simple lecture/exercise questions any time Lots content take notes
  • Name, title, role 5 years, Raleigh HQ. - Mysterious - complex - make simple lecture/exercise questions any time Lots content take notes
  • - attend earlier? - know - used, using
  • PackStack is suitable for deploying both single node proof of concept installations and more complex multi-node installations
  • Existing admin and member roles
  • Important: The image must be sealed Static Ips MAC references Hostname SSH host keys SSL Certificates Kerb Keytabs RHN System ID One method: firstboot + reconfigSys
  • built in a modular architecture to allow advanced network services (open and closed source) plug into Openstack tenant networks.
  • built in a modular architecture to allow advanced network services (open and closed source) plug into Openstack tenant networks.
  • data replication is managed by software, allowing greater scalability and redundancy than dedicated hardware.
  • data replication is managed by software, allowing greater scalability and redundancy than dedicated hardware.
  • Action/Remember: Now you have installed and configured OpenStack. Use these directions to do it again.
  • Triangle OpenStack meetup 09 2013

    1. 1. DEPLOYING RDO ON RED HAT ENTERPRISE LINUX Please login and start the 2 RDO VMs User/Password: RDO/openstack Applications -> System Tools -> Virt Manager
    2. 2. DEPLOYING RDO ON RED HAT ENTERPRISE LINUX Dan Radez Sr. Software Engineer, Red Hat dradez@redhat.com irc: radez
    3. 3. What is OpenStack? ● Cloud/Virtualization Platform ● Designed for standard hardware ● OpenSource
    4. 4. Overview
    5. 5. Lab Workstation User: RDO Password: openstack Applications -> System Tools -> Virt Manager - RDO-control-node: 192.168.122.101 - RDO-compute-node: 192.168.122.102
    6. 6. PackStack: Installation Red Hat developed OpenStack installer Deployment options ● Interactively ● Answer file ● Quick Start ● All-in-one Features ● Single-host install ● Multi-host install ● RHOS, RDO, EPEL
    7. 7. PackStack: Installation [RDO@workstation ~]# ssh 192.168.122.101 [root@control ~]# yum install -y openstack-packstack [root@control ~]# packstack --use-epel=n --install-hosts 192.168.122.101,192.168.122.102 --os-quantum-install=n Install Defaults ● MySQL ● Qpid ● Swift Not Installed (--os-swift-install=y) ● Quantum/Neutron (--os-quantum-install=n)
    8. 8. PackStack: Installation Exercise: Install OpenStack file:///home/RDO/slides/index.html
    9. 9. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    10. 10. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    11. 11. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    12. 12. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    13. 13. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    14. 14. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    15. 15. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    16. 16. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    17. 17. Dashboard: Web Interface
    18. 18. Dashboard: Web Interface ● web-based interface for managing OpenStack services ● modular design for interfacing with other projects ● includes interface for all core components
    19. 19. Dashboard: Web Interface
    20. 20. Dashboard: Web Interface
    21. 21. Dashboard: Web Interface Exercise: Explore the Dashboard http://192.168.122.101/dashboard/
    22. 22. Help! $ keystone help $ keystone help user-create $ glance help $ glance help image-create $ nova help $ nova help boot
    23. 23. Keystone: Identity Management
    24. 24. Keystone: Identity Management ● centralized identity service ● central catalog of services Multiple forms of authentication ● User name and password ● Token-based systems ● Amazon Web Services style logins
    25. 25. Keystone: Identity Management Login as admin [root@control ~]# cat keystonerc_admin export OS_USERNAME=admin export OS_TENANT_NAME=admin export OS_PASSWORD=5ffbe9d2a38d4a48 export OS_AUTH_URL=http://192.168.122.101:35357/v2.0/ export PS1="[u@h W(keystone_admin)]$ " [root@control ~]# source keystonerc_admin [root@control ~(keystone_admin)]#
    26. 26. Keystone: Identity Management Get a token / troubleshooting auth [root@control ~(keystone_admin)]# keystone token-get +­­­­­­­­­­­+­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­+ |  Property |              Value               | +­­­­­­­­­­­+­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­+ |  expires  |       2013­06­07T19:22:06Z       | |     id    | e50158f737f14791ae7831c955524de2 | | tenant_id | 70784578887b4468adacd92f2f376bc9 | |  user_id  | f4270a7b46af467892173a02d9cd49d4 | +­­­­­­­­­­­+­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­+
    27. 27. Keystone: Identity Management Add a User [root@control ~]# keystone user-create --name radez --pass supersecretpass id: 849616035d654b9b9a8cc38b10284a52 [root@control ~]# keystone role-create --name role1 id: 8ab4a27031084100afbafc0f95a47170 [root@control ~]# keystone tenant-create --name tenant1 Id: 427c01f33fcf4feb930f26dd550a14e0
    28. 28. Keystone: Identity Management Add a User [root@control ~]# keystone user-role-add --user-id radez --role-id role1 --tenant-id tenant1 [root@control ~]# keystone user-list [root@control ~]# keystone role-list [root@control ~]# keystone tenant-list [root@control ~]# keystone user-role-list [root@control ~]# keystone endpoint-list
    29. 29. Keystone: Identity Management Login as user [root@control ~]# cp keystonerc_admin keystonerc_radez export OS_USERNAME=radez export OS_TENANT_NAME=tenant1 export OS_PASSWORD=supersecretpass export OS_AUTH_URL=http://192.168.122.101:35357/v2.0/ export PS1="[u@h W(keystone_radez)]$ " [root@control ~]# source keystonerc_radez [root@control ~(keystone_radez)]# keystone token-get [root@control ~(keystone_radez)]# source keystonerc_admin [root@control ~(keystonerc_admin)]#
    30. 30. Keystone: Identity Management Exercise: Add a user
    31. 31. Glance: Image Management
    32. 32. Glance: Image Management ● registry for virtual machine images ● images used as templates for new servers Add an image [root@control ~]# glance image-create --name cirros --is-public 1 --disk-format qcow2 --container-format bare --file /mnt/cirros-0.3.0-x86_64-disk.img id: d3d1f38e-3f2c-4f45-91e1-cb4535f62d10 [root@control ~]# glance image-list
    33. 33. Glance: Image Management Image Building ● Oz ● appliance-creator ● Native glance builder in the works ● Manually (launch installer, import before first boot) Build Notes: ● Include cloudinit for post boot configuration
    34. 34. Glance: Image Management Exercise: Add an image
    35. 35. Quantum: Networking
    36. 36. Quantum: Networking ● networking as a service ● built in modular architecture Features ● Single or Multiple host deployment ● virtual network, subnet, and port abstractions ● Plugin architecture supports many network technologies
    37. 37. Nova: Instance Management
    38. 38. Nova: Instance Management ● manages virtual machines on nodes ● provides virtual servers on demand Design Features ● Designed to scale horizontally ● Designed for standard hardware
    39. 39. Nova: Instance Management Boot an instance [root@control ~]# nova flavor-list [root@control ~]# nova keypair-add --pub-key .ssh/id_rsa.pub mykey [root@control ~]# nova keypair-list mykey | 84:6e:28:d3:75:17:ab:25:4d:f3:0d:61:93:55:ee:e2 [root@control ~]# nova image-list [root@control ~]# nova boot --flavor 1 --key_name mykey --image cirros my_instance [root@control ~]# nova list
    40. 40. Nova: Instance Management Communicate with the instance [root@control ~]# ping 192.168.122.3 PING 192.168.122.3 (192.168.122.3) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 192.168.122.3: icmp_seq=2 ttl=63 time=0.668 ms [root@control ~]# ssh cirros@192.168.122.3 The authenticity of host '192.168.122.3 (192.168.122.3)' can't be established. RSA key fingerprint is 38:49:f2:67:80:11:31:84:1f:b1:79:df:5f:e4:e5:f7. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? Yes Warning: Permanently added '192.168.122.3' (RSA) to the list of known hosts. $
    41. 41. Nova: Instance Management Exercise: Boot an Instance
    42. 42. Cinder: Block Storage
    43. 43. Cinder: Block Storage ● manages persistent block storage volumes ● snapshots can be taken Create and attach a volume [root@control ~]# cinder create 1 id: 4d6cbb1f-5873-4357-99c7-8ae0502e6de5 [root@control ~]# nova volume-attach my_instance 4d6cbb1f-5873-4357-99c7-8ae0502e6de5 auto
    44. 44. Cinder: Block Storage Mount a volume [root@control ~]# ssh -i .ssh/id_rsa root@192.168.122.3 my_instance$ sudo -i my_instance# mkfs.ext4 /dev/vdb my_instance# mkdir -p /mnt/volume my_instance# mount /dev/vdb /mnt/volume my_instance# touch /mnt/volume/test.txt my_instance# umount /mnt/volume [root@control ~]# nova volume-detach my_instance 4d6cbb1f-5873-4357-99c7-8ae0502e6de5
    45. 45. Cinder: Block Storage Exercise: Create, attach and mount a volume
    46. 46. Swift: Object Storage
    47. 47. Swift: Object Storage Install Swift /root/packstack-answers-20130614-091000.txt CONFIG_SWIFT_INSTALL=n [root@control ~]# packstack --answer-file packstack-answers-20130614- 091000.txt Generating a packstack answer file [root@control ~]# packstack --gen-answer-file answers.txt
    48. 48. Swift: Object Storage ● allows users to store and retrieve files ● distributed architecture to allow for horizontal scaling ● provides redundancy as failure-proofing ● data replication is managed by software
    49. 49. Swift: Object Storage Upload an object [root@control ~]# swift stat [root@control ~]# swift list [root@control ~]# swift upload test packstack-answers.txt [root@control ~]# swift list [root@control ~]# swift list test [root@control ~]# swift upload test /etc/motd [root@control ~]# swift list test
    50. 50. Swift: Object Storage Exercise: Create a container & upload an object
    51. 51. Review
    52. 52. Resources ● RDO: openstack.redhat.com ● https://access.redhat.com/knowledge/docs/en- US/Red_Hat_OpenStack ● OpenStack.org ● TryStack.org ● Puppetlabs.com ● Djangoproject.com ● Oz: https://github.com/clalancette/oz/ ● https://github.com/redhat-openstack/image-building-poc ● http://radez.fedorapeople.org/slides.tar.gz

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