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Network Cabling Infrastructure for Modern Security Systems

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Addresses the trends and technology drivers that are causing security surveillance and access control systems to shift to the network. …

Addresses the trends and technology drivers that are causing security surveillance and access control systems to shift to the network.

Review the security infrastructures that are around today; including analog, hybrid and digital IP systems as well as go over the pros and cons of each of them.

Published in: Technology, Business

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  • 1. ANIXTER Products. Technology. Services. Delivered Globally. CABLING INFRASTRUCTURE SOLUTIONS FOR THE MODERN SECURITY SYSTEM
  • 2. TOPICS • Current trends and drivers • Infrastructures today and the benefit of standards • Cabling infrastructures for security systems • Key considerations of best practices and summary 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 2
  • 3. ANIXTER Products. Technology. Services. Delivered Globally. CURRENT TRENDS AND DRIVERS 7/3/2014Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 3
  • 4. BUSINESS DRIVERS IN SECURITY SYSTEMS • Increase safety, protection of assets and information, and speed of response • Move from reactive toward predictive response • Integrate with other systems • Provide additional operator control • Reduce costs of traditional systems • Preserve existing capital investment 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 4
  • 5. TECHNOLOGY TRENDS IN SECURITY SYSTEMS • Standardized structured approach – Modular, flexible implementation – Mainstream methods and practices • Analog to digital migration – Digital allows better image management – Takes advantage of innovations of computer industry • Network-attached device growth – Computer network connections are ubiquitous in business – Advantages seen across all industries 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 5
  • 6. SECURITY AND TECHNOLOGY MARKETS MERGING Security Function IT Function IT market Communication Networks Surveillance Access Control Security Market 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 6
  • 7. • Scalability – Add devices wherever/whenever required (MAC) – Facilitate analog to digital and IP networked migration – Growth needs accounted for up front • Manageability – Structured vs. unstructured approach to infrastructure – Remote management and control – Automatic alarm monitoring and troubleshooting – Good documentation and administration driven by Sarbanes Oxley – Centralization and consolidation of resources – Standards based • Availability (24x7x365) – Minimal downtime – High-performance infrastructure and support systems IT GOALS INFLUENCING SECURITY MARKET 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 7
  • 8. ANIXTER Products. Technology. Services. Delivered Globally. INFRASTRUCTURES TODAY AND THE BENEFIT OF STANDARDS 7/3/2014Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 8
  • 9. IT MIGRATION TO STRUCTURED CABLING • Late ’70s to Early ’80s: Proprietary Computer Systems – Device home runs over coax and twinax cabling • Mid ’80s: Structured UTP Systems Adapted all Systems to one Media – Star-wired devices and hubs interconnected by a common backbone • Late ’90s to 2000s – Computerized and digitized video adapted to UTP infrastructure – Star-wired devices and hubs interconnected with a common backbone 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 9
  • 10. ONE REASON STRUCTURED CABLING BECAME THE IT NORM 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 10
  • 11. Server Racks The cabling starts with a few connections . . . And this is how it ends up . . . • No defined cable paths • Changes made at active equipment • Problem determination difficult • System growth can be impacted Switch Racks Storage Source: IBM TRADITIONAL (LEGACY) IT SYSTEMS 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 11
  • 12. IT ORGANIZATIONS DEMANDED INFRASTRUCTURE STANDARDS • IT Needs – Thousands of devices to manage – Departments expect instant response – System uptime tied to IT availability – Moves, adds and changes ongoing – Revision control critical to support – Devices, networks, applications must interoperate • IT Solution and Benefits: Corporate Infrastructure Standards – Consistent and enforceable industry-standard guidelines • Performance and quality • Products, installation, maintenance and testing – Internal training and support costs minimized 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 12
  • 13. Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) – North American cabling infrastructure standards – UTP, fiber optic and coaxial systems – Building, campus and data center standards International Organization of Standardization (ISO) – International cabling infrastructure standards – UTP, STP, SCTP, coaxial and fiber optic systems – OSI model of computer device interoperability International Electrical & Electronic Engineers (IEEE) – International active network equipment standards – Computer devices and optical/electrical interfaces to cabling systems – Ethernet transmission schemes (10,100,1000,10000 Mb) STRUCTURED CABLING STANDARDS BODIES 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 13
  • 14. TIA NORTH AMERICAN STANDARDS • TIA/EIA-568 – -B.1 – General cabling infrastructure requirements – -B.2 – Balanced twisted-pair cabling components – -B.3 – Optical fiber cabling components • TIA/EIA-569, Telecommunications Pathways and Spaces • TIA/EIA-606-A, Administration for Commercial Telecommunications Infrastructure • TIA/EIA-J-STD-607-A, Commercial Building Grounding and Bonding Requirements for Telecommunications • TIA/EIA-942, Data Centers • Required and expected in IT environments 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 14
  • 15. • IEEE – Globally Recognized  802.3 Ethernet Working Group • Both copper and fiber media types • 10/100/1000BASE-T (Gigabit) • 10GBASE-T (10 Gbps over twisted pair) • 802.3af Power over Ethernet Working Group PoE Plus is newest project to date • Will benefit more markets with Power over Ethernet • Many applications not being served by current standard • 802.11, Wireless Working Group 802.11b, 11 Mbps, 2.4 GHz 802.11g, 54 Mbps, 2.4 GHz 802.11a, 54 Mbps, 5 GHz • Well known in IT environments ETHERNET STANDARDS 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 15
  • 16. STRUCTURED CABLING STANDARDS SYSTEM MEDIA AND COMPONENT STANDARDS • Cable – Twisted-pair copper – Multimode fiber – Single-mode fiber – Coaxial cable • Connectors • Outlets • Jacks • Patch panels • Patch cables • Raceways and pathways • Support products 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 16
  • 17. BENEFITS OF STRUCTURED CABLING STANDARDS VOICE-VIDEO-DATA STANDARDS • Many “utility” advantages • Easy moves, adds and changes • Support and training on one standardized systemwhether voice, data or video • Efficient and cost effective • Predictable and repeatable performance The Fourth Utility • Water • Power • Gas • Communications 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 17
  • 18. BENEFITS OF STRUCTURED CABLING STANDARDS FINANCIAL SAVINGS • A high percentage of network problems are cable related – Sources estimate anywhere from 20 to 70 percent • Troubleshooting cabling systems is extremely time-consuming and costly • High-performance channels provide error-free infrastructure for real-time IP applications – Voice and video over IP • IT organizations demand utility-grade reliability 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 18 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% IT Activity
  • 19. BENEFITS OF STRUCTURED CABLING STANDARDS ADDRESSES INCREASING DENSITY AND THERMAL MANAGEMENT • In Equipment Rooms, Headends and Data Centers – Added data and security cable density – Added equipment for redundancy • Data center security requirements (tiers) based on IT uptime requirements • Consolidation of security servers, video storage and management in data centers • More power strips and cables • Affects thermal management of electronics – “Airdams” and cabinet congestion Following structured cabling standards increases equipment life and system availability! 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 19
  • 20. • Pros – Baseband and broadband video support – Easy termination – Good noise rejection if installed correctly • Cons – Lack of standards governing installation – No laboratory or field testing procedures established – No migration path to IP-based applications – Increased pathway space required – Overall cost is high SHIELD (signal ground) Typically 95% bare copper or tinned copper braid CENTER CONDUCTOR (+ signal) Typically solid copper for CCTV and copper clad steel for CATV #22-20 AWG for RG59 #18 AWG for RG6 #14 AWG for RG11 DIELECTRIC Can be solid Nylon or Polyethylene Foam TRADITIONAL COAXIAL CABLING 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 20
  • 21. TWISTED-PAIR MEDIA • Pros – Universally standardized for Ethernet and IP-based applications – Supports baseband CCTV – Easy to test – Flexible, multiplatform support – Delivers power to Ethernet devices • Phones, cameras, wireless access points • Cons – Limited to 100 meters for IP-based applications – Limited distance support for CCTV 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 21
  • 22. • Categories of Twisted-Pair Media – Category 5e/Class D @ 100 MHz – Category 6/Class E @ 250 MHz – Augmented Category 6/Class EA @ 500 MHz – Class F @ 600 MHz – Class FA @ 1,000 MHz • Minimum Category 6 recommended for CCTV and IP video applications • All components in the channel must meet the same performance rating for the system to be effective TWISTED-PAIR PERFORMANCE LEVELS 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 22
  • 23. Same cladding diameter Only core size differs 50 µm Vs. 62.5 µm • Pros – Supports high data rates – Virtually unlimited distance support – Easy to test – Immune to EMI noise • Cons – Cannot take advantage of Power over Ethernet (PoE) – Higher electronic costs when compared to copper – Installation more demanding 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 23 FIBER OPTIC MEDIA
  • 24. WHY FIBER IN SECURITY INFRASTRUCTURES? • Greatest bandwidth for all applications • Secure and difficult to tap • Immune to EMI/RFI • Easy to install and test • Performance improvements do not require infrastructure changes, only electronics • Cable and connectivity solution for all applications 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 24
  • 25. 1. Entrance facilities 2. Equipment room 3. Backbone cabling  Within building  Between buildings 4. Telecommunications room 5. Horizontal cabling 6. Work area TODAY’S STRUCTURED IT INFRASTRUCTURE 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 25 Testing to stringent electrical and installation standards ensures utility-grade performance
  • 26. ANIXTER Products. Technology. Services. Delivered Globally. BEST PRACTICES AND CABLING INFRASTRUCTURES FOR SECURITY SYSTEMS 7/3/2014Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 26
  • 27. Headend Equipment Similar to the IT networking world CCTV cabling started with a few connections and ended up a mess • No defined cable paths • Problem determination difficult • Cable abandoned in walls and ceilings • System growth and business response impacted Source: IBM Muxes Switchers Cameras TRADITIONAL (LEGACY) CCTV SYSTEMS 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 27
  • 28. TRADITIONAL ANALOG VIDEO SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM • Pros – High-quality images – Latency not an issue – Good noise rejection • Cons – Requires point-to-point wire connection – Difficult to troubleshoot large installations – No standardization for MACs – No audio capabilities – Distance limitations – Supplying systemwide power and good ground reference 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 28
  • 29. STRUCTURED APPROACH TO ANALOG SYSTEMS • Traditional Analog Systems – Use BNC patch panels whenever possible – Organize and consolidate home run in raceways and pathways – Labeling and documentation – Use IT friendly racks and cabinets for electronics – Multiple DVR storage and management options – Consider and recommend hybrid solutions where appropriate 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 29
  • 30. KEY CONSIDERATIONS AND BEST PRACTICES ALL SYSTEMS • Utilizing Coax – BNC panels – Mini-coax, bundled cables, siamese, SpeedPull – Remove unused coax 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 30
  • 31. NO PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR COAXIAL CABLING • Camera and headend manufacturers specify that coax be used: – RG59 = 1,000 ft. B&W or 700 ft. for color – RG6 = 1,500 ft. B&W or 1,000 ft. for color – RG11 = 2,000 ft. B&W or 1,300 ft. for color • Larger gauge sizes have lower signal loss 20 AWG 22 AWG 23 AWG Standard Analog Video Cable RG-59 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 31
  • 32. • Four types: – Screwing – Soldering – Crimping – Compression • Crimping and compression BNC’s offer the best performance • More than 50 percent of CCTV problems can be related to bad or incorrect termination • Precise terminations require precise tools BNC TERMINATION AFFECTS PERFORMANCE 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 32
  • 33. • Validate camera performance using IRE meter • Test four basic performance levels: – Sync level = 40 IRE units +/- 5 – White level = 100 IRE units +/- 5 – High-white level = 120 IRE units +/- 5 – Color burst level = 40 IRE units +/- 5 KEY CONSIDERATIONS AND BEST PRACTICES FOR TESTING ANALOG SYSTEMS 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 33
  • 34. ANALOG/DIGITAL HYBRID SYSTEM • Pros – Utilize existing infrastructure and cameras – Network monitoring • Cons – Image degradation • By adding connection points • By signal conversion For hybrid systems, digital encoding should take place as close to the video source as possible 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 34
  • 35. STRUCTURED APPROACH TO HYBRID SYSTEMS • Layout Potential Migration Paths – From analog cameras to DVRs or video servers – From DVRs or video servers to network switches – UTP, fiber and wireless from network switches to management PC 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 35
  • 36. TESTING HYBRID AND IP CABLING SYSTEMS Qualify UTP cables for Ethernet Troubleshoot performance faults View wiremap faults graphically Qualify coax for video/security Troubleshoot coax continuity faults Detect video signal on coax cables 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 36
  • 37. ETHERNET AND IP SYSTEMS • Pros – Video encryption available – Firewalls and security devices on the same network – No signal conversions – PoE • Cons – Bandwidth concerns • Shared or parallel networks? – IP cameras investment – Additional education required 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 37
  • 38. WHY NOT LEVERAGE IT INFRASTRUCTURES FOR SECURITY? • Support for analog, digital and IP systems – Additional ports in wiring closets • Adapt analog cameras • Plug in digital devices on either end as needed – Access, monitor and manage from anywhere 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 38
  • 39. Network Management Center Surveillance Monitoring Center Wiring Closets UTP to Phones and Network Devices UTP to Cameras and Remote Monitoring Stations Backbone Cabling Backbone Cabling Wall Outlets Ceiling Outlets Voice and Data Video and Data RUNNING CCTV OVER IT INFRASTRUCTURES 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 39 Analog IP Ethernet
  • 40. Main Cross-Connect (MC) Intermediate Cross-Connect (IC) Closet Connector Housing SM or MM ST-Compatible Connectors Environmental Enclosure Riser Cable PERIMETER SECURITY USING FIBER TOPOLOGY
  • 41. • Pros – Untethered mobile access – Business flexibility – Standardized technology (IEEE) – Connects to structured cabling infrastructure – Can utilize PoE for access points – Widespread use and growing – Innovative applications for security market • Cons – Limited bandwidth when compared to a traditional “wired” infrastructure – Perceived security vulnerabilities WIRELESS SYSTEMS 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 41
  • 42. Parking Lot Corporate Building WIRELESS PERIMETER SECURITY • Easily deploy cameras in multiple buildings or sites • Eliminate fiber trenching and save money • Easily expand the network as needed • Transmit high resolution images in real-time • Ensure unsurpassed reliability • Provide wired-equivalent security 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 42
  • 43. ANIXTER Products. Technology. Services. Delivered Globally. KEY CONSIDERATIONS BEST PRACTICES FOR ALL SYSTEMS 7/3/2014Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 43
  • 44. KEY CONSIDERATIONS AND BEST PRACTICES ALL SYSTEMS • Neat and manageable • Cable management labeling and documentation • Pay attention to thermal issues in racks and cabinets • Proper grounding and bonding • Use quality cable, connectors and installation materials • Test installed system 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 44
  • 45. CABLE MANAGEMENT Designed to facilitate growth, moves, adds, changes and troubleshooting Standards provide guidelines for cable routing, dressing and neatness Critical to providing scalability, reliability and availability 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 45
  • 46. THERMAL MANAGEMENT • Airflow within rack impacts component cooling • Air moves between levels • Air stays between and around active components • Facilitate front to back airflow 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 46
  • 47. GROUNDING AND BONDING • $500 million a year of damage to property and equipment due to lightning because of improper grounding • 27 to 33 percent of damaged equipment is caused by electrostatic discharge • IEEE states, the typical AC third prong earth is almost never sufficient to prevent damage to network equipment • Poor grounding contributes to ground-loop interference 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 47
  • 48. • Bond building steel and AC panels • At service entrance, also bond to electrical entrance facility and telecommunications entrance facility • Run TBB without splices • Use permanent (compression), two-hole lugs on busbars GROUND INSTALLATION PER ANSI/TIA/EIA-607
  • 49. SUMMARY • By following the structured approach you will: – Gain the trust and business of IT professionals – Differentiate yourself from other security dealers – Gain repeatable business – Sell yourself through value, not price – Provide security systems based on standards telecommunications customers have come to expect 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 49
  • 50. WHO IS ANIXTER? Founded in 1957, our company vision is to be the global leader in providing high-performance product solutions and Supply Chain Services to the enterprise cabling, security, wire and cable, and fasteners markets. What makes Anixter different? • Technical expertise • Global distribution • Product breadth and depth • Supply Chain Services www.anixter.com/security 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 50
  • 51. 7/3/2014 Proprietary and Confidential. © 2013 Anixter Inc. 51 THANK YOU.