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Moving from Repairing Homes to Rebuilding Neighborhoods in Haiti
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Moving from Repairing Homes to Rebuilding Neighborhoods in Haiti

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In the immediate aftermath of the Haiti earthquake, it appeared that all of Port-au-Prince had been destroyed. However, most buildings had survived. This shows how we evaluated the damage and began …

In the immediate aftermath of the Haiti earthquake, it appeared that all of Port-au-Prince had been destroyed. However, most buildings had survived. This shows how we evaluated the damage and began the repair process.

Published in: News & Politics, Business

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  • USGS MMI shaking intensity map.
  • Street scene immediately after earthquake
  • Extensive damage to homes
  • Multiple family houses, high cost, density
  • Transcript

    • 1. HaitiMoving from Repairing Houses to Rebuilding CommunitiesMid-year Board MeetingMay 12, 2011
    • 2. 350,000 to 400,000 buildings are affected
      Over 300,000 dead
      1.3 million people displaced
    • 3. Main causes of impact
      Lack of preparedness –no major earthquake in Port-au-Prince since 1770
      Design and construction practices di not consider earthquake effects
      Rapid growth of informal buildings with substandard construction
    • 4.
    • 5.
    • 6. Damage Assessment Program
    • 7. MTPTC Damage Assessment Program
      • 3 major strategic goals: Rapid Safety Identification, Reconstruction Data Base, Capacity Building
      • 8. ATC20 modified for Haiti construction
      • 9. 250 Haitian engineers
      • 10. Use PDA-based data management
    • 11.
    • 12. 400,000 buildings evaluated
    • 13. Evaluation results
    • 14. Result of the Asssement
      • Over 200,000 structures were identified as safe
      • 15. Hundreds of thousands of people were able to return home
      • 16. The government and the international community had a detailed assessment of the actual damage
    • Repair Reconstruction Strategies
      • Goal was to improve construction quality while providing safe housing
      • 17. Clear quality standards through the Engineering Repair Manual
      • 18. Training of Engineers, Contractors, and Masons in improved techniques
      • 19. Community-Based Construction Management and Quality Control
      • 20. Final Certification ( Under MTPTC authority)
    • MTPTC Repair Guideline
      Repair back to better than pre-earthquake condition
      ASTM STP 1180 Report
      300% Ductility Increase
      Readily available materials in Haiti
    • 21.
    • 22. 270engineers trained on Damage Evaluations:
       
      80engineers trained on conducting Repair Assessments
       
      11 Contractors trained to build better
       
      550Haitian professionals trained on the new repair techniques
    • 23. Repairs of Yellow Tagged Buildings
    • 24. Step 1:Tear down damaged section
    • 25. Step 2: Build it back better
    • 26.
    • 27. 2,000 “Yellow-Tagged’ Houses Repaired
    • 28. High quality spreads to other sites
      New construction techniques
      Old poor techniques
    • 29. The bigger challenge
    • 30. Rebuilding “Red-Tagged Houses
    • 31. Proposed Replacement House
    • 32. Then what about utilities
    • 33. Provision of Water to Delmas 32
    • 34. What about Sewage and Drainage?
    • 35. Community Planning
    • 36. Plan Optimal
      Vue Perspective