SOCIOLINGUISTICPATTERNS By : Dannae Del Campo Méndez
Language and Social Class Education Social Class Ocuppation Age IncomeSociolinguistics Network Sex Style
Sociolinguistic Patterns External Regional Patterns Patterns Social Class Migration Age Sex Style Urbanization Network
Sociolinguistic Variables -Phonological Variables:1.- Postvocalic /r/England > The loss of /r/ following by a consonant but not a vowel.USA > The distribution of postvocalic /r/ reflects the history of settlement patterns (colonists) from Britain.
ing : alveolar /n/ nasal /ŋ/- Lower person’s social status uses alveolar /n/ /h/ : alternation between /h/ and a lack of /h/- Urban accents do not have initials /h/ (heart, hill, etc..)- Grammatical Variables: - The variable concerns the use of non-standard third person singular present tense verb form without –s e.g he go.
StyleFormal Informal Style Depending Style on : Social Context, Relationship of the participants, Social Class, Sex, Age, Physical Environment and Topic.
Gender Woman Men-Women use higher status variants ( postvocalic /r/ and – ing ). -Tend to hypercorrect (more than man). -Use more prestige forms. -Women are more concerned with politeness.* Hypercorrection: non-standard usage from the over- application of a rule of grammar.
Age Younger /t/ variable: speakers use Marker of social more standard class forms than membership young adults. amng adult and school age population.
Social Network People with whom we interact are aDifferent socializing habits powerful source of individuals and their of influence on speech.degree of involment in the local community. • Is the one in which people whom a Dense given speaker knows and nteracts Network with also know each other. • Is the one in which the individuals Multiplex who interact are tied to one Network another in other ways.
StandardizationOne of the main agents of Process: inequality Convert one variety into a The aim is to remove standard by variation and stablish fixing and ONE system to serve regulating its as a uniform one for a spelling, group. grammar, etc...The processhas never beregarded as complete.