SOCIOLINGUISTICPATTERNS By : Dannae Del Campo Méndez
Language and Social Class Educatio Social n Class Ocuppatio n Age IncomeSociolinguist ics Network Sex Style
Sociolinguistic Patterns External Regional Patterns Patterns Social Class Migration Age Sex Style Urbanization Network
Sociolinguistic Variables -Phonological Variables:1.- Postvocalic /r/England > The loss of /r/ following by a consonant but not a vowel.USA > The distribution of postvocalic /r/ reflects the history of settlement patterns (colonists) from Britain.
ing : alveolar /n/ nasal /ŋ/- Lower person’s social status uses alveolar /n/ /h/ : alternation between /h/ and a lack of /h/- Urban accents do not have initials /h/ (heart, hill, etc..)- Grammatical Variables: - The variable concerns the use of non-standard third person singular present tense verb form without –s e.g he go.
StyleForma Informl Style Dependin al Style g on : Social Context, Relationship of the participants, Social Class, Sex, Age, Physical Environment and Topic.
Gender Woman Men-Women use higher status variants ( postvocalic /r/ and – ing ). -Tend to hypercorrect (more than man). -Use more prestige forms. -Women are more concerned with politeness.* Hypercorrection: non-standard usage from the over- application of a rule of grammar.
Age Younger /t/ variable: speakers use Marker of more standard social class forms than membership young adults. amng adult and school age population.
Social Network People with whom we interact are a Different socializing powerful source habits of individuals of influence on speech. and their degree ofinvolment in the local community. • Is the one in which people whom a Dense given speaker knows and nteracts Network with also know each other. • Is the one in which the individuals Multiplex who interact are tied to one Network another in other ways.
StandardizationOne of the main agents of Process: inequality Convert one variety into a The aim is to remove standard by variation and stablish fixing and ONE system to serve regulating its as a uniform one for a spelling, group. grammar, etc...The processhas never beregarded as complete.