The Spanish Civil War


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  • sorry to be picky but there is a mistake on slide 5, change '1972' to '1937'
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The Spanish Civil War

  1. 1. The Spanish Civil War By Dan Marracino, Mark Manganaro
  2. 2. Spanish Civil War Definition: Civil war in Spain in which Franco succeeded in overthrowing the republican government; during the war Spain became a battleground for fascists and socialists from all countries; 1936-1939 (Miller).
  3. 3. How It Started <ul><li>Started in 1936 from a Conflict between two opposing forces. One loyal to the Spanish Republic and the other loyal to the force against the republic and led by Gen. Francisco Franco (O’Connell). </li></ul><ul><li>The conservative rebels were known as Nationalists. </li></ul><ul><li>The Nationalists wanted a monarchy again and fought against the Spanish liberal government. </li></ul><ul><li>The liberal soldiers fighting for the republic were known as Republicans. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Supplies for War <ul><li>During the first six months the war acquired international, political, and ideological significance form around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Benito Mussolini sent 70,000 armed to troops to aid the Nationalists and their cause. </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi Germany under the rule of Adolph Hitler provided planes, pilots, arms, and technicians to the Nationalists as well. </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviet Union sent weapons and advisors in aid the Republicans. </li></ul><ul><li>Some countries such as Britain and France remained neutral during the conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States issued and embargo arm shipments to both of the forces (Headrick). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Major Battles <ul><li>1972, Nationalists take Malaga in February and the Basque provinces and Asturias in October. </li></ul><ul><li>By December 1937, the Loyalists captured Teruel in a counter offense. </li></ul><ul><li>February 1938, Nationalists recaptured Teruel forcing the Loyalists in two. </li></ul><ul><li>Franco and The Nationalists made a bold move to capture Barcelona And succeeded on January 26, 1939. </li></ul><ul><li>With the Loyalist troops isolated they surrendered to Franco’s troops ending the war March 28, 1939. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Guernica <ul><li>A painting by Pablo Picasso from 1937 representing the death of 250 people </li></ul><ul><li>The cause of the these deaths were due to Nazi Germany testing their new weapons on Spain </li></ul><ul><li>The painting is on an oil canvas that is approx. 11ft wide and 26ft long </li></ul><ul><li>(Guernica painting on next slide) </li></ul>
  7. 8. Works Cited Miller, George. WordNet. 2006. 8 Feb. 2008 <http:// / perl/webwn?s =spanish%20civil%20war>. O'Connell, James. &quot;Spanish Civil War.&quot; Encyclopedia Americana . 2008. Grolier Online. 8 Feb. 2008 < article?assetid=0364780-00>. Headrick, Daniel R. &quot;Spanish Civil War.&quot; Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia . 2008. Grolier Online. 13 Feb. 2008 <>.