The Spanish Civil War By Dan Marracino, Mark Manganaro
Spanish Civil War Definition: Civil war in Spain in which Franco succeeded in overthrowing the republican government; during the war Spain became a battleground for fascists and socialists from all countries; 1936-1939 (Miller).
How It Started
Started in 1936 from a Conflict between two opposing forces. One loyal to the Spanish Republic and the other loyal to the force against the republic and led by Gen. Francisco Franco (O’Connell).
The conservative rebels were known as Nationalists.
The Nationalists wanted a monarchy again and fought against the Spanish liberal government.
The liberal soldiers fighting for the republic were known as Republicans.
Supplies for War
During the first six months the war acquired international, political, and ideological significance form around the world.
Benito Mussolini sent 70,000 armed to troops to aid the Nationalists and their cause.
Nazi Germany under the rule of Adolph Hitler provided planes, pilots, arms, and technicians to the Nationalists as well.
The Soviet Union sent weapons and advisors in aid the Republicans.
Some countries such as Britain and France remained neutral during the conflict.
The United States issued and embargo arm shipments to both of the forces (Headrick).
1972, Nationalists take Malaga in February and the Basque provinces and Asturias in October.
By December 1937, the Loyalists captured Teruel in a counter offense.
February 1938, Nationalists recaptured Teruel forcing the Loyalists in two.
Franco and The Nationalists made a bold move to capture Barcelona And succeeded on January 26, 1939.
With the Loyalist troops isolated they surrendered to Franco’s troops ending the war March 28, 1939.
A painting by Pablo Picasso from 1937 representing the death of 250 people
The cause of the these deaths were due to Nazi Germany testing their new weapons on Spain
The painting is on an oil canvas that is approx. 11ft wide and 26ft long