Getting the Best Out Of WebRTC - Astricon 2014

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Presentation at Astricon 2014 with Tim Panton about how to get the most of of WebRTC - making sure to deal with video bandwidth, asymetric calls and remembering that things are different to typical VoIP (SIP)

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Getting the Best Out Of WebRTC - Astricon 2014

  1. 1. Getting the Best out of WebRTC Tim Panton - Protocol Droid - Westhawk Ltd Dan Jenkins - Chief Ape - nimblea.pe & Respoke
  2. 2. Simple 1 for 1 replacement ? No! Bandwidth / CPU use are different
  3. 3. How to plan a deployment A talk in two parts
  4. 4. Architecture and Choices
  5. 5. Practical numbers and graphs
  6. 6. Assumptions If you are here you are probably Doing this commercially - Quality matters Using Asterisk - Hybrid model with some PSTN Have Asymmetric calls - agents and users Are on a tight bandwidth and CPU budget Video not top priority (yet) Have a clue
  7. 7. WebRTC Topologies
  8. 8. Video Peer Calls Video User Agent Internet SIP Audio HTML Context Asterisk Webservice
  9. 9. Internal Audio Agents Asterisk L A N App Server User P S T N Agent Agent Agent Agent Agent
  10. 10. External Audio Agents I N T E R N E T User P S T N Agent Agent Agent Agent Agent WebRTC App Server Asterisk
  11. 11. External Audio Users L A N User I N T E R N E T Agent Agent Agent Agent Agent DeskPhones HTML WebRTC Audio App Server Asterisk SIP Phones
  12. 12. Hybrid L A N User I N T E R N E T Agent Agent Agent Agent Agent DeskPhones WebRTC Audio HTML App Server Asterisk Agent WebRTC SIP Phones PSTN Audio FAX SMS User Skype Twitter Chat Email Facebook
  13. 13. WebRTC issues How webRTC differs from plain old SIP ICE - can penetrate NAT at cost of setup time DTLS - encrypted traffic but call setup costs CPU Web service - may expose your Asterisk SRTP - encrypted media costs some CPU too.
  14. 14. Codecs Codecs implemented in browsers today: ULAW - old favourite - high bandwidth/ low cpu 2 quality modes - landline or incomprehensible Opus - new comer - low bandwidth / high cpu flexible quality and error correction settings VP8 - free video codec - High but variable bandwidth H264 - licensed video codec - free if < 100k (IANAL)
  15. 15. Codecs - ideal choices (audio only) Codec Setting Reasoning P2P video Opus None The browser knows best Int Agents ulaw None low loss on LAN + will end up on PSTN Ext Agent Opus High BW / low loss Can set minimum DSL standards for staff Ext User Opus Low BW / high loss Users share DSL with web/games etc Note - Digium does not support opus on Asterisk
  16. 16. DTLS - crypto selection
  17. 17. WebRTC uses DTLS to generate SRTP key Different Cypher suites Different key lengths Multiple certificate sources All impacts CPU usage at call setup.
  18. 18. ICE - Tricks
  19. 19. Assume your asterisk has a public IP Probably don’t need a TURN server Avoid offering candidates for internal IPs Don’t offer VPN candidates Can probably get away with setting ice-lite
  20. 20. Architecture - Asymmetry
  21. 21. In future we expect more asymmetric cases Mayday - they see your screen not you Baby monitor - 1 way video but 2 way audio ? Security cameras
  22. 22. What does that all mean in practice Probably: Higher CPU use (especially with Opus) Longer call setup times Very high bandwidth with Video (if enabled)
  23. 23. Tools to monitor Probably: WebRTC stats (Respoke Stats) www.npmjs.org/package/getstats chrome://webrtc-internals CollectD / Graphite
  24. 24. Some Numbers Test scenario: Asterisk: 11.8.1 on machine: Centos Intel(R) Core(TM) i3-4010U CPU @ 1.70GHz Chrome 38 Ramp up 24 calls Play back intermittent audio (IVR usage) Graph - bandwidth / CPU / calls / time
  25. 25. 24 ulaw audio calls Graph
  26. 26. 24 opus audio calls - No settings Graph
  27. 27. 24 opus audio calls Low BW high loss Graph
  28. 28. Some MORE “Numbers” Test scenario: Digital Ocean Medium Droplet San Francisco
  29. 29. 1 P2P video call - LAN/WAN http://bit.ly/dt-demo
  30. 30. 1 P2P video call - WAN http://bit.ly/dt-demo
  31. 31. Live demo using respoke Chrome (android too) browse here! URL: http://bit.ly/dt-asterisk
  32. 32. Thank you! Questions? More info at: github.com/danjenkins/web-examples @dan_jenkins @steely_glint www.respoke.io
  33. 33. Images Used http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ca/Padlock_2010.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8e/ Ice_road_in_the_Northwest_Territories_-a.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/41/Asymmetric_%28PSF %29.png

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