Web Search Tools – The BasicsHow to get from here To here
What Is the Web?● Contains millions and millions of websites● Content grows and changes every day● Everybody can create a website, a blog or Facebook page● Finding information is not the problem, finding relevant and reliable information is!
Where to Start Your Research? Simple Google Search: 52,100,000 results
If You Dont Know Much About Your Topic● Start with a Subject Directory like ipl2● Subject directories contain websites selected by experts and grouped by topic● Find a general website about your topic to – get an idea of your topic – refine your topic – find other search terms that can help you find more specific information on your topic
When You Know Something About Your Topic● A Search Engine like Google can help you find very specific and timely information on your topic● Google “crawls” the web to create an index of websites● When you search Google, websites are retrieved from this index and ranked in your results list based on a complex algorithm● The ranking is NOT based on reliability
Like an Expert● Dont write your search term in question form● Use quotation marks to group your search terms, e.g. “stem cell research”● Use more search terms to make your search more specific● Use the Advanced Search for more options
Evaluating Web Pages● Evaluating your results is the most imporant part of your research● WWW technique – Who? Is it clear who is responsible for the content? – What? What is the goal of the website? – When? Is the information outdated?● Never use a website for your paper unless you have evaluated it!
Using Your Results● Keep a log of websites you have looked at● If you are going to use information from a website in your paper, you need to cite it and include it in your list of resources● Make sure you have all the information you will need for your citation
Last But Not Least● Websites are not the only resources you should use for your research● Databases and other resources from the library have lots of good information● If you need help with your research or citations, librarians are there to assist you● Dont be afraid to ask!
Links to Resources● City College Library Website: http://www.ccsf.edu/NEW/en/library.html● City College Library Guide to Finding Information on the Web: http://www.ccsf.edu/NEW/en/library/finding-information/web.html● ipl2 Subject Directory Website: http://www.ipl.org/● Google Advanced Search Page: http://www.google.com/advanced_search● City College Library Guide to Evaluating Information: http://www.ccsf.edu/NEW/en/library/research-help/evaluating-information.html● City College Library Guide to Citing Sources: http://www.ccsf.edu/NEW/en/library/research-help/citing.html