Phrase Clause SentenceRelated words that may Related words thatinclude a subject or a contain both a subjectverb and a conjugated verb.Incomplete idea - Incomplete idea –dependent dependent Complete idea – independent
GUIDELINE 1Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase.Introductory phrase To be honest, I wouldn’t change Anything in my life.Introductory dependent clause Because I love my life, I would not change anything.
GUIDELINE 2Use a comma to separate two independent clauses.FANBOYS One way to combine two independent clauses into one complete sentence is to link them with seven little words called FANBOYS. for - and - nor - but - or - yet - so It’s always correct to place a comma before FUNBOYS.
GUIDELINE 3Joining one independent and one dependent clause.Subordinating One way to combine one independent and one dependent clauseconjunctions is by using a subordinating conjunction. Because – if – when – although – while– whenever... It’s not always correct to place a comma between the clauses.
GUIDELINE 4Use commas to set of f nonessential clauses and phrasesNonessental My wife, Leticia, loves traveling more than anyone in the family. The independent clause my wife loves traveling makes sense alone.Essential All the people who do not arrive on time will miss the bus. The relative clause who do not arrive on time is essential to understand what people will miss the bus.