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ICT Applied to English Teaching Assignment # 1:“History of Education Technology” Czemernicki Daniela – Piazza María Eugenia 2012
Educational technology Some definitions… It refers to the use of technology in educational settings. It also refers to the instructional use of computers, television, and other kinds of electronic hardware and software. Instructional media All of the devices that teachers and learners use to support learning.
Visual Education means freeing education from text and making it more visual by using photographs, illustrations, animation, video and interactivity. focuses on explaining corporateVisual Instruction processes by using video.Both terms were usedoriginally because many ofthe media available to The typical view among educators was thatteachers, such as three- Technology could be useddimensional objects, effectively to supplementphotographs, and silent instruction by providingfilms, depended upon sight. instructional variety, by helping to make abstract concepts concrete, and by stimulating interest among students.
Silent films were used for educationalpurposes by the first decade of the twentiethcentury.However, some of the reasons cited for infrequent use of silent films: Teachers lack of skill in using equipment and film Cost of films, equipment, and upkeep Inaccessibility of equipment when it was needed Time involved in finding the right film for each class
Radio was the next technology to gain attention. attention However in the 1940s it did not have the impact on schools its advocates. Poor audio reception and the cost of equipment were obstacles to use. When these problems were overcome in later years, the lack of fit between the broadcasts and teachers instructional agendas became more important factors.Television became available so, efforts to promote radio instruction in schools were abandoned.Instructional television the 1950s and the 1960s.It was stimulated by two factors: The decision by the Federal Communications Commission to set aside 242 television channels for educational purposes. The substantial investment by the Ford Foundation.
It was not until the 1980s, and the appearance of Microcomputers.Many educators and public officials became enthusiastic about computers.By January 1983, computers were being used for instructional purposes in 40 percent of all elementary schools and 75 percent of all secondary schools in the United States.
Approaches to Educational TechnologyThe interest in Behaviorism occurred about the same time that the first computer- assisted programs (CAI) were being developed.According to this perspective, students could be assigned to a computer to work at their own pace, and the computer would keep track of students work and provide a record of each students progress for the teacher. Such programs evolved into what were later called individualized learning systems (ILS).According to this perspective, learners must construct their own understanding of whatever is being taught. The teachers role is to create an environment in which students are able to arrive at their own interpretations of knowledge while becoming ever more skillful in directing their own learning. Some constructivists recognized the computer as a potential ally and designed programs that took advantage of constructivist beliefs. The result has been computer-based programs that promote higher-level thinking and encourage collaborative learning.
Benefits of using Technology in the classroom Easy-to-access course materials. Instructors can post the course material or important information on a course website. Students can study whenever they want and have quickly access to the material. Increases students motivation. Computer-based instruction can give instant feedback to students and explain correct answers. Wide participation. Learning material can be used for long distance learning and are accessible to a wider audience. Improved student writing. Different types of educational software are designed and developed to help students to learn specific subjects.
Criticism of using technology in the classroom Lack of proper training. Limited access to sufficient quantities of a technology. Extra time required for many implementations of technology. Special training is vital to ensuring the effective integration of classroom technology. Limited resources. Technology implementation can also be time consuming.
Ideas to use technology in the classroom Class website: easy way to display your students work. Class blogs and wikis: Blogs can maintain a running dialogue and assignments. Wikis are more group focused ans studentss can edit a single document and create a edited finished product. Mobile devices: they enhance the experience in the classroom by providing the possibility for professors to get feedback. Interactive Whiteboards: they enhance the experience in the classroom by showing anything that can be on a computer screen. It is interactive so the students can draw, write, or manipulate images on the interactive whiteboard. Podcasts: It enables teachers to reach students through a medium that is both "cool" and a part of their daily lives. Podcasting can help sharpen students’ vocabulary, writing, editing, public speaking, and presentation skills.
References Baldwin, R. (n.d.) School Technology in Education. http://www.answers.com/topic/school-technology-in- education Deakin University.Students gateway to Campus Study support http://www.deakin.edu.au/current-students/study-support/stu Educational Technology. In Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Educational_technology