Dance - is an art form that uses patterns of body movements to perform. It involves such factors as self-expression, artistry and entertainment.Folk dances are dances that tell us much about our culture. They portray in dance form our customs, traditions, and beliefs, and even the livelihoods of certain communities.
Benefits of Folk Dancing Physical Social Cultural Artistic Recreational
Origins of Philippine Dances - Local Duck - RailbirdIndigenous Folk Dances - dances that are performed exclusively by certain tribe within a given region.
Itik-itik originated in Surigao imitates the different movements of the itik‘ has different versions, but it captivated mostly the Visayans also associated with the dance "Siblay," another mimetic dance from Samar that imitates another bird, the "siblay."
Maglalatik a war dance showing a battle between the Moros and Christians also known as "Magbabao,“ originated from Biñan, Laguna also pays tribute to the patron saint San Isidro Labrador
Pandanggo sa Ilaw a famous folk dance originated in Lubang Island, Mindoro the word "pandanggo" is actually from "fandanggo", a lively Spanish dance a Pandanggo dance must be graceful, and must have good balance. the dance requires oil lamps or glasses with candles inside be balanced by hands, at the back of the hands, and at the top of the head.
Tinikling literally meaning "bamboo dance“ the countrys national dance performers imitates the movements of the "tikling“ said to have originated in Leyte.
Subli a religious folk dance from Bauan, Batangas believed to have started with the natives planting of a wooden cross across TaalBinaylan VolcanoBanog performed a ritualistic dance by the natives of Cordillera. signifies thanksgiving by patients who have been healed from sickness
Bendayan also called Bendian of Benguet performed to welcome successful headhunters of the tribe.Karatong a festivity dance that pays tribute to San Augustine in the island of Cuyo, in Puerto Princesa in Palawan Women are seen waving props resembling mango flowers with the mean striking their "karatong" instrument to add to the merriness of the
Binaylan a ritual dance where a tribal woman imitate a hen trying to protect her chicks from the powerful hawk.
Lesson 2Folk DanceInstruction andInterpretation
Elements of Dance - factors to consider for a dance to be executed well while sending the message across effectively. It is grouped into two general categories: Elements of rhythm Elements of movement and space
Elements of Rhythm Accent Intensity Level Measure Musical Phrase Rhythmic Pattern Tempo Underlying Beat
Elements of Movementsand Space Balance Centering Direction Floor Pattern Focus Posture Range
Common Terminologies in Folk Dancing1. Arms in lateral position - a position wherein both arms are at one side, either right or left at shoulder, chest or waist level.2. Brush - the movement in which the floor is hit with the ball or heel of a foot with the weight on the other foot. The foot is then lifted from the floor to any direction.3. Cabeceras - the couples occupying the width of the hall when dancers are in a square formation.4. Costados - the couples occupying the length of the hall when dancers are in a square formation.5. Crossed arms - position in which partners face each other or stand by side. They join their left hands together and the right hands together, either R (right) over L (left) L over R hands.6. Cut - to displace quickly one foot with the other.
7. Do-si-do (Dos-a-dos) - step where partners advance forward, pass each others R (L) side, step across tn the R (or L), move backward without turning around, and pass each other L (or R) side to proper places.8. Free foot - the foot which does not bear the weight of the body.9. Free hand - the hand which is not placed anywhere, or is not doing anything.10. Hayon-Hayon - hand movement wherein one forearm is placed in front and the other at the back of the waist.11. Inside foot - the foot which is near the partner when partners stand side by side.12. Jaleo - movement in which partners turn around clockwise (with R elbows almost touching) or counterclockwise (with L elbows touching) using walking or any kind of dance step.13. Kumintang - movement of the hand from the wrist either in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction.
14. Outside foot - the foot which is away from ones partner when partners stand side by side.15. Outside hand - the hand which is away from ones partner when partners stand side by side.16. Place - movement wherein a foot is placed in a certain position without putting weight on it; the sole of the foot rests on the floor17. Pivot - step where one turns with the ball, heel, or whole foot on a fixed place or point.18. Point - touching the floor lightly with the toes of one foot, the weight of the body on the other foot.19. Salok - swinging the arm downward-upward passing in front of the body as if scooping, the trunk is bent forward following the movement of the arm doing the salok20. Saludo - with feet together, bowing of partners bow to each other, to the audience, opposite dancers, or the neighbors.
21. Sarok - crossing of the R (or L) foot in front of the L (or R). Bend the body slightly forward and cross the hands down in front with the R (or L) hand over the L (or R).22. Set - a dance formation like a square or a unit formation composed of two or more pairs.23. Stamp - bringing the foot forcibly and noisily on the floor.24. Step - advancing or receding by moving one foot to another resting place with a complete transfer of weight from one foot to the other.25. Supporting foot - the foot that bears the weight of the body.26. Tap - tapping slightly with the ball or toe of the tree keeping the weight of the body on the other foot. There is no transfer of weight.27. Whirl - making fast turns by executing small steps in place, to the right, or to the left.
Lesson 1PromotingPersonal Safety
Personal safety - defined as freedom from fear or worry concerning ones physical and mental well-being. It means that one must be aware of situations, conditions, or events that are potentially harmful or dangerous to his well- being.Importance of Personal Safety It helps you avoid putting yourself in unnecessary danger It helps you feel safe and secure at home, in school, on the road, etc. It raises your awareness on how to prevent unintentional injuries and highlights some areas where you should take precautions
Personal Safety Tips Plan your own personal safety campaign. Assess what you may do during emergencies. Lock and act confidently during emergecies. Avoid putting yourself in risky situations. Always let someone know where you are and whom you are with. Dont be afraid to take action. If you do meet a problem, get away or call for help to alert others about your situation. Be ready with a mobile phone in cases of emergency.
Home safety Keep tools and utensils in proper places where they are not likely to fall off easily and are out of reach of children. Have a regular visit with an electrician to assure all electrical wiring are still safe. Keep bathrooms well lit with switches that are easy to find. Avoid smoking when in bed as this may start fire by accident. Never leave candles, hot irons, and stoves unattended. Have your house number prominently written in front of your house to make it easy to identify in case of emergencies.
School Safety Planning - it requires the school management to regularly assess precautionary measures. Preparation - practiced through clear and realistic crisis response programs by the school management. Practice - makes the school a safer place.First aid - performed to avoidcomplications and even loss of lives.
Allergic Reaction Try patting the area with allergy with a clean cloth dipped in icy water, or simply with ice.Insect Bites Wash the affected with clean water and soap. Apply ice to the area for redness and minimal pain Avoid scratching to prevent complicationsCut or Lacerations Washing and bandaging the wound with sterile gauze, once the antibiotic ointment is applied, help prevent infections.
Cardiac Arrest Rescue breathing• Call for emergency help.• Open the persons airway as you tilt his head and place your mouth around his. Listen if the person is breathing. If not, breathe for him through his airways while pinching the nose shut.• Make two slow breaths and check if the persons chest is rising along with your attempt to breathe for him.• Do chest compression thirty times at the rate of 100 times/minute afterwards.• Press down on the chest with enough force to move the breastbone down about 2 inches with hands. Breathe in two slow breaths again in the persons airway.
Broken Arm Indirectly apply ice on the area to suppress the swelling and pain. Stabilize the arm by wrapping the injured area with a towel and forming a sling.Bruises Indirectly apply ice on the bruise for 20-30 minutes. If the bruise is in the leg, have it elevated or raised. Warm the bruise with a hot compress for 10 minutes to allow blood to flow.Thermal Burns Remove any residue from the burnt area. Cool off the area with running water for 30 seconds. Do not apply mayonnaise or toothpaste over the affected area.
Choking Ask the person the cough forcefully to remove the obstruction in the throat. You may perform an abdominal thrust, also called the Heimlich Maneuver, but that is only applicable for adults and children.
Dizziness Give the patient plenty of air and loosen any garment that may obstruct his breathing. Give him water, and have him sit or lie down until the dizzy spell passes.Poisoning Seek immediate medical help. Try and identify the poison if possible. Induce vomiting if poison swallowed. Let the victim lie on his left side until medical help arrives.