Unit I
PhysicalPhysical
EducationEducation
PhysicalPhysical FitnessFitness
- is the capacity of each individual to
accomplish daily tasks with alertness
and vigor.
L...
How to attain physical fitness?How to attain physical fitness?
The Components ofThe Components of
Physical FitnessPhysical Fitness
AgilityAgility
 the ability of thethe ability of the
individual toindividual to
change position.change position.
 also r...
BalanceBalance
 a state ofa state of
equilibrium.equilibrium.
 A stable mentalA stable mental
or psychologicalor psychol...
- ears
- eyes
- skin
- muscle & joints
- central nervous system
CoordinationCoordination
 Involves howInvolves how
muscles interactmuscles interact
with the skeletalwith the skeletal
sy...
Cardio-respiratory EnduranceCardio-respiratory Endurance
refers to therefers to the
continuouscontinuous
rhythmicrhythmic...
contributes to the abilitycontributes to the ability
to resist disease.to resist disease.
also known as “cardio-also known...
FlexibilityFlexibility
 It is the ability ofIt is the ability of
the muscles tothe muscles to
move joints withmove joints...
Muscular StrengthMuscular Strength
 the capacity tothe capacity to
sustain thesustain the
application ofapplication of
fo...
SpeedSpeed
 the ability of thethe ability of the
individual toindividual to
make successivemake successive
movements of t...
POWERPOWER
•The ability toThe ability to
releaserelease
maximummaximum
force veryforce very
quickly.quickly.
Body CompositionBody Composition
 our bodies areour bodies are
made-up of twomade-up of two
kinds tissues.kinds tissues.
...
Fat TissuesFat Tissues
Essential fatEssential fat
Storage fatStorage fat
Non-essential fatNon-essential fat
Lean TissuesLean Tissues
MusclesMuscles
BonesBones
OrgansOrgans
Reaction Time
 it is amount of
time it takes to
make a physical
response once
you see the need
to take to take an
action.
SKILL-RELATED FITNESSSKILL-RELATED FITNESS
COMPONENTSCOMPONENTS
AgilityAgility
BalanceBalance
PowerPower
CoordinationC...
Health-Related FitnessHealth-Related Fitness
ComponentsComponents
Cardio-vascular EnduranceCardio-vascular Endurance
Mus...
ImprovesImproves
PhysiologyPhysiology
FunctioningFunctioning
1. Improves physiology functioning.
2. Improves appearance.
3. Increases efficiency of the heart and
lungs.
4. Increases m...
 PP - Philippine- Philippine
 PP - Physical- Physical
 FF - Fitness- Fitness
 TT - Test- Test
The PPFT are administere...
 The criteria utilized as basis for the
selection of the items of the PPFT are as
follows:
1. They should measure compone...
Tests to MeasureTests to Measure
Physical FitnessPhysical Fitness
Revised Physical
Fitness Test
(Anthropometrics Measurement)
I.I. Body Mass Index (Weight)Body Mass Index (Weight)-- is the sum total of
your height and weight.
 Equipment needed: a
...
3. Before stepping into bathroom scale,
the students are asked to empty their
pockets, nothing is held in their hands,
and...
II. Stature (Height)- measure the height of the
student from the floor to the top of his/her head.
 Equipment needed:
1.T...
•Procedure:
1. Barefooted, lay the feet flat on the floor.
2. Don’t raise your heel while height is being
measure by the t...
6. Keep your hands at the side with the
palm of the hand facing the thigh.
7. Spirit level will be placed on the top of
th...
OverweightOverweight
ObesityObesity
CAUSES OF OBESITYCAUSES OF OBESITY
 Consuming more calories.Consuming more calories.
Energy input>Energy output =Energy i...
How toHow to
TreatTreat
Obesity?Obesity?
•EOP>EIPEOP>EIP
•BariatricBariatric
SurgerySurgery
•Balance DietBalance Diet
•Reg...
How to Compute BMI?How to Compute BMI?
BMI =BMI = weight in kg.weight in kg.
height in m2height in m2
Example:Example:
W= ...
Anthropometric IndicatorsAnthropometric Indicators
Below 18.5Below 18.5 - underweight- underweight
18.5-24.918.5-24.9 - ...
Compute for the BMICompute for the BMI
1.1. w=48 kg.w=48 kg.
h=1.38m.h=1.38m.
2. w=50 kg.2. w=50 kg.
h=1.60 m.h=1.60 m.
3....
III. Sitting Height- the distance from the
buttocks up to your head. Your head, neck and
trunk are being measured.
 Equip...
Procedure:
1. The student is asked to sit on a bench
or a chair with knees bent forward
with the hands resting on the thig...
5. Keep your eyes straight forward.
6. Take a deep breath while the tester is
putting the spirit level on top of your head...
IV. Arm Span- refer to the length of your right
middle finger to the tip of your left middle finger
which are extended at ...
Procedure:
1. Stand straight with your
back against the wall,
feet together, with heels
buttocks and shoulder in
contact w...
3. Using the Tri-square, the tester will hold it
vertically to line the tip of the middle finger
of the other head with th...
Revised Physical Fitness
Test
Muscular Fitness Test
(Test for Muscular Fitness)
I. Partial Curl-ups- is a
test for abdominal muscle
strength.
 Equipment needed: no
equipment is required.
• Procedure:
1...
3. At the “go” signal, you start lowering your
body until such time that the tip of your
middle finger is one inch from th...
5. To complete one curl-up, you can count
“one thousand one, one thousand two in
going down and going up without a
gap” .
...
II. Trunk Lift- is performed to test the strength and
flexibility of the extensor muscles of your lower back.
 Equipment ...
6. Hold your position for
about two seconds when
the tester is measuring
the distance of the chin
on the floor by placing
...
•Recording: The higher score of the two
trials to the nearest 0.1 centimeter should
be recorded.
III. Right Angle Push-ups- is a test for the
upper body muscles and arm strength and
endurance.
 Equipment needed: no
equ...
2. Keep your legs
slightly apart, knees
straight.
3. Keeping his legs
and back straight,
the student pushes
off the floor ...
6. Stop the student when he commits two form
breaks such as failure to go down at the 90-
degree angle, extend his elbows ...
Revised Physical Fitness
Test Flexibility Fitness
and Physiological
Fitness Test
(Flexibility Fitness)
I. Sit and Reach- is a test for flexibility of the hamstring
muscles (back of the thigh).
 Equipment needed: a tape
measu...
2. The extended leg is being
blocked by the shoes of
Thumbs locked and fingers
are extended and raised
above the head. The...
II. Shoulder Stretch- is a test for shoulder flexibility.
 .Equipment needed: no
equipment is required.
• Procedure:
1. T...
2. Perform the test with the left hand over
the left shoulder and the right hand
touching the left hand’s fingers.
•Record...
(Physiological Fitness)
I. 1-Kilometer Run/Walk- is a test for the cardio-
respiratory endurance. It is the ability of the heart
and lungs to endu...
2. The timer will call out the time in minutes
and seconds as each runner crosses the finish
line.
3. The partners will li...
Revised Physical
Fitness Test
(Muscular Fitness or Talent Identification)
I. Standing Long Jump- is a test for leg
strength and power.
 Equipment needed: a tape
measure accurate to 0.1
centimeter...
2. He crouches, swings his
arms backward and jumps
forward as long as he can
and upon stepping down on
the floor continues...
II. Basketball Pass- measures upper body strength
and power or the ability to exert forceful movement
utilizing the muscle...
3. push the ball with two
both hands
horizontally forward
as far as possible.
4. The buttocks, back
and head should be
con...
III. 40-Meter Sprint- is conducted to measure the
running speed of the students.
 Equipment needed:
stop watch, a flat
ce...
Procedure:
1. Students stand behind
the starting line.
2. The timer positions
himself 6 inches to the
left line.
3. The st...
 2. The basis principles to determine the
effectiveness of any fitness program.
Overload - the principle of overload
refe...
Variables involved in arranging the amount of
exercise necessary:
 Frequency- refers to the number of exercise
sessions a...
THE EXERCISE SESSIONTHE EXERCISE SESSION
 ffor the exercise to be
effective in developing
physical fitness, it should
be ...
A. Learning the Basic
Principle of Exercise
1. Warm-up
 prepares the
muscles for
exercise and
allows the flow
of oxygen in the
body.
2. Workout2. Workout
 elevates the heart
rate and achieve
aerobic fitness.
The activities which may be includedThe activities which may be included
in this phase are:in this phase are:
walking runn...
3. Cool-down3. Cool-down
 should be
accomplished
after the
workout by
walking for few
minutes.
B. Common Injuries
Related to
Exercise/ Sports
SprainSprain
 the wrenching of
a joint without
producing
dislocation.
Strains
 an injury to
tendon and
ligament
BlistersBlisters
 a collection of
reddish mark
and fluid in the
skin due to
pressure injury.
BruisesBruises
 an injury produced
by impact without
skin breakage but
causing blood vessels
to rupture and can
result to...
C. Principles to consider
to prevent injuries
 You should not force your joints to
move in a way that they are not
designed to move.
 You should not stress your bones...
D. Treating injuryD. Treating injury
using theusing the
“RICE”“RICE” formula.formula.
 RR -- is for rest.
Two to three days rest periods are required.
 II -- is for ice.
20minutes immediately after injury, ...
E. Weight Training
Weight TrainingWeight Training
 a type of training that
attempts to move the
body on necessitates
the movement of the
dif...
Types of WeightTypes of Weight
TrainingTraining
Competitive Weight LiftingCompetitive Weight Lifting
 individual tries to
lift a barbell with a
weight greater
than what ...
PowerliftingPowerlifting
 uses more
weight and is
performed at a
slower pace.
Three Techniques
SquatSquat
 A lift consisting ofA lift consisting of
squatting all the waysquatting all the way
down and thendown and the...
Bench PressBench Press
 A lift where theA lift where the
lifter lies on his backlifter lies on his back
on a horizontalon...
Dead LiftDead Lift
 A lift which theA lift which the
weight is lifted fromweight is lifted from
the floor to hip levelthe...
Points to Consider in WeightPoints to Consider in Weight
TrainingTraining
 Avoid training on a full stomach.
 Warm-up an...
Particular Facilities andParticular Facilities and
Equipments for Weight TrainingEquipments for Weight Training
The Physical Fitness and Sport Talent Test
(PESTT)- helps you decide what kind of
physical activities you need and helps y...
Lateral Neck StretchLateral Neck Stretch
 stretches the sides
of the neck.
Kneeling Shoulder StretchKneeling Shoulder Stretch
 stretches the
shoulder and
upper back.
Single Leg TuckSingle Leg Tuck
 stretches the
muscles at the
back of your
thighs
(hamstrings) as
well as the lower
back.
Calf StretchCalf Stretch
 stretches the
calf muscles and
Achilles tendon.
Single Knee to ChestSingle Knee to Chest
Side stretchSide stretch
Hip and Thigh Stretch
 Elbow special- benefits the muscle of
the chest and upper back.
 Sitting stretch- benefits the muscles of
the lower bac...
Agree or Disagree?Agree or Disagree?
Prove or Defend your answerProve or Defend your answer
 Physical fitness is not a fa...
Agree or Disagree?Agree or Disagree?
Prove or Defend your answerProve or Defend your answer
 Goals for an exercise progra...
Unit II
IndividualIndividual
andand
Dual SportsDual Sports
Sports OfficiatingSports Officiating
 is a combination
of the arts and
sciences.
Lesson 1
IMPORTANCE OF SPORTSIMPORTANCE OF SPORTS
 Understanding the basic skills in playing
individual and dual sports.
 Develop...
A. Table TennisA. Table Tennis
 Is a very fast gameIs a very fast game
and considered asand considered as
the number onet...
Duties and Function ofDuties and Function of
the Officials:the Officials:
• RefereeReferee
• ScorerScorer
RefereeReferee
 Informs the player of theInforms the player of the
rules of the game.rules of the game.
 Decides on any ...
ScorerScorer
 Keeps the scoreKeeps the score
sheet as the gamesheet as the game
progresses.progresses.
 Follows theFollo...
Rules of theRules of the
GameGame
• Singles
• Service
• A Good Return
SinglesSingles
 Singles- a game is
even if the player who
first scores II points,
have scored 10points,
in which case the...
 Service- a good service is
delivered by projecting
the ball from the free
hand and the projection
starts from above the
...
 A good return of the
served ball must be struck
by the receiver on the first
bounce so that is passes
directly on top of...
PointsPoints
 Unless the rally is “let”, a player shall lose a
point.
– If he fails to make a good service.
– If he fails...
 A Game shall be won by the player or pair
first scoring 21 points unless both players or
pairs 20 points, when the game ...
A Match:A Match:
 A match shall consist of the best of three
games or the best of five games.
 Play shall be continuous ...
Practices:Practices:
 Practice Periods- players are entitled to a practice
period of up to two minutes before the start o...
Answer the following:Answer the following:
 What are the basic skills in Table Tennis?What are the basic skills in Table ...
A. Badminton GameA. Badminton Game
 A game that can beA game that can be
played indoors andplayed indoors and
outdoors.ou...
TerminologiesTerminologies
 Ace- a point, a score.
 Bird- a shuttlecock.
 Carry- an indecisive hit of the shuttlecock.
 Cross court- a hit from o...
Flight- the path the shuttle follows after
being struck.
Inning- in doubles, the side’s turn of
service.
Love- no score...
OfficiatingOfficiating
BadmintonBadminton
Duties of the Head Referee
 Manages the match.
 Heads the officials
of the game
UmpireUmpire
Umpire Before the GameUmpire Before the Game
 Secures the score sheet from the head referee.
 Sees that all materials ne...
Umpire at the Beginning of and
During the Game
 Make sure that the tossing of the coins is
properly done.
 Implements th...
Duty of the scorer:Duty of the scorer:
 He records the
points scored by
each player and
certifies the winner
or loser of ...
Duty of theDuty of the
linesmen:linesmen:
 They decide
whether the shuttle
fell inside or outside
the court.
Service JudgeService Judge
 The tail of the shuttle hits the racketThe tail of the shuttle hits the racket
instead of the base.instead of the base.
...
LinesmenLinesmen
 The shuttle lands outside.The shuttle lands outside.
 In doubt to give decision.In doubt to give decis...
Strategy/Strategy/
MechanicsMechanics
InIn SinglesSingles
 the most importantthe most important
in singles are speedin singles are speed
and deception. Theand ...
InIn DoublesDoubles
 Side by side- partnersSide by side- partners
divide the court in halfdivide the court in half
so tha...
InIn DoublesDoubles
 Diagonal- partners divideDiagonal- partners divide
the court into halves andthe court into halves an...
ServesServes
 The long high serveThe long high serve- the- the
basic serve of the gamebasic serve of the game
in singles....
Basic RulesBasic Rules
 Only the serving side may score.
 In order to win , the player must
gain 2 points ahead of this
opponent.
 The men’s s...
 It is a fault of:
– A player if it reaches into the opponent’s court
and strikes the shuttle before it has crossed the
n...
 It is a service fault and results in a loss of
service if:
1. The shuttle is above the waist or hand at
the point of con...
Ready position:Ready position:
 Establish both feet at the moment the
opponent is hitting the shuttle.
 Feet should be s...
The ServiceThe Service
 The server and the receiver must stand, with both
feet inside diagonally opposite service court.
...
Answer the following:Answer the following:
 What are the basic skills in Badminton?What are the basic skills in Badminton...
Organization and
Management of Sports
The success or failure of any sports program rests on
how it is planned, executed, e...
There are 3 stages in a sport program :
1. Planning
2. Execution
3. Evaluation
Sports management may be good mediocre and
...
In order to be successful, there should be a
committee:
1. Over –all organizer –composed of the chairman
and co-chairman, ...
2.2. Committees toCommittees to
be organized:be organized:
a.a. Program andProgram and
InvitationInvitation
b.b. Accommoda...
Answer the following:Answer the following:
 What are the three stages in a sportsWhat are the three stages in a sports
pr...
LESSON 1
Team Sports
Team sports deal mostly of basketball and volleyball.
These are the two of the most popular sports and
recreat...
1. Passing the ball should be
handled with the thumb and
finger pads and are not with the
palms of the hands. The passer
s...
Basketball game
 is a team sport consisting of five
players in court playing. The
purpose of the team is to shoot
the bal...
A. Baseball Pass
 body weight shifts
from back to front. A
sidearm should be
avoided. Hold the
ball with the hand,
swing ...
B. Chest Pass
 generally, one foot is
ahead of the other,
knees flexed slightly.
Ball is held at chest
level, fingers spr...
C. Overhead Pass
 stand in a short
position, with the ball
held overhead. The
arms, upward, throw
with a forceful wrist
a...
D. Under Hand Pass
 the ball should be
held one side in both
hands with the foot
on the other side
toward the receiver.
T...
E. Bounce Pass
 any of the three passes
described ca be adapter
to make a bounce pass.
The object is to get the
pass to t...
2. Shooting involves intricate skills and
should be encouraged to develop
consistent techniques, rather than being
satisfi...
Common factors to all shot that used to
be leaned and practiced:
a. good body position is important.
b. make a good grip o...
1. Jump Shot
 this shot can be executed
from a running or
standing position. It is a
difficult shot for the
opponent to a...
2. Hook Shot
 to make a hook
shot, your back
must be toward the
basket., the foot
approximately a
shoulder width
apart.
3. One-hand Set Shot
 if right-handed, support
the ball with your left
hand, holding the back
and bottom with your
right ...
4. Lay-up Shot
 this is used when the
player is running
towards the basket.
3. Dribbling
 the dribblers knees and
trunks should slightly
be flexed, with his head
and eyes forward, using
peripheral ...
Officiating
basketball and
their duties
1. Referee and umpire conduct the game
according to the rules:
 putting the ball in play
 determining when the ball is d...
2. Scorer
 keeps a
chronological
running summary
of points scored.
3. Time Keeper
 Notes when each half is
to start.
 Keeps record of playing
time and time of
stoppage.
 Starts time-out ...
Players, Substitutes and Coaches
Each team shall consists of not more than ten players,
one of whom shall be the captain. ...
• Captain – Duties and Powers
the captain shall be the representative of his
team and shall control its play. The captain
...
Some definitions/
meaning of term
1. Blocking
 a personal contact
which impedes the
progress of an
opponent.
2. Holding
 a personal contact
with an opponent
that interferes with
his freedom of
movement.
3. Pushing
 a personal contact
that takes places
when a player
forcibly moves or
attempts to move
an opponent.
4. Charging
 a personal contact
which occurs when
a player, with or
without the ball,
makes his way
forcibly and contact
...
5. Illegal Use of Hand
 occurs when a
player contacts an
opponent ‘s hand
while it is on the
ball and is
incidental to an...
6. Screening
 an attempt an
prevent an
opponent who dose
not control the ball
from reaching a
desired position
Mechanics in the Officiating
Basketball
1. When out-of-bounds situation or violations
occurs:
a. Blow the whistle long and...
2. When foul is committed:
a. Blow the whistle once.
b. Be sure the player knows the nature of
the foul being charged.
c. ...
Referee’s
Signals:
Time out
 Stop the clock.
 Substitute may
enter.
Illegal dribble
 patting motion.
 fingers sideward.
Pushing/Charging
 signal foul: imitate
push
Illegal use of hands
 signal foul: strike
wrist.
Designate Offender
 hold up number of
player.
Travelling
 rotate fists.
Technical foul
 signal foul.
Identify the ff.Identify the ff.
Basketball Hand SignalsBasketball Hand Signals
Identify the ff.Identify the ff.
Basketball Hand SignalsBasketball Hand Signals
Identify the ff.Identify the ff.
Basketball Hand SignalsBasketball Hand Signals
Next Lesson…
Volleyball Game
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Proper 1

1,166

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
1 Comment
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • can i ask power presentation of baseball and basketball?
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,166
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
30
Comments
1
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Proper 1

  1. 1. Unit I PhysicalPhysical EducationEducation
  2. 2. PhysicalPhysical FitnessFitness - is the capacity of each individual to accomplish daily tasks with alertness and vigor. Lesson 1
  3. 3. How to attain physical fitness?How to attain physical fitness?
  4. 4. The Components ofThe Components of Physical FitnessPhysical Fitness
  5. 5. AgilityAgility  the ability of thethe ability of the individual toindividual to change position.change position.  also refer to thealso refer to the quickness ofquickness of movement of anmovement of an individual.individual.
  6. 6. BalanceBalance  a state ofa state of equilibrium.equilibrium.  A stable mentalA stable mental or psychologicalor psychological state.state.  A harmoniousA harmonious arrangement ofarrangement of parts of the body.parts of the body.
  7. 7. - ears - eyes - skin - muscle & joints - central nervous system
  8. 8. CoordinationCoordination  Involves howInvolves how muscles interactmuscles interact with the skeletalwith the skeletal system to neuralsystem to neural processes.processes.
  9. 9. Cardio-respiratory EnduranceCardio-respiratory Endurance refers to therefers to the continuouscontinuous rhythmicrhythmic activities thatactivities that put anput an increasedincreased oxygen on youroxygen on your heart and lungs.heart and lungs.
  10. 10. contributes to the abilitycontributes to the ability to resist disease.to resist disease. also known as “cardio-also known as “cardio- respiratory fitness”.respiratory fitness”.
  11. 11. FlexibilityFlexibility  It is the ability ofIt is the ability of the muscles tothe muscles to move joints withmove joints with ease through theease through the normal range ofnormal range of motion.motion.
  12. 12. Muscular StrengthMuscular Strength  the capacity tothe capacity to sustain thesustain the application ofapplication of force.force.  ability of theability of the muscle to exertmuscle to exert effort.effort.
  13. 13. SpeedSpeed  the ability of thethe ability of the individual toindividual to make successivemake successive movements of themovements of the same kind in thesame kind in the shortest period ofshortest period of time.time.
  14. 14. POWERPOWER •The ability toThe ability to releaserelease maximummaximum force veryforce very quickly.quickly.
  15. 15. Body CompositionBody Composition  our bodies areour bodies are made-up of twomade-up of two kinds tissues.kinds tissues. A.A.Fat tissuesFat tissues B.B.Lean tissuesLean tissues
  16. 16. Fat TissuesFat Tissues Essential fatEssential fat Storage fatStorage fat Non-essential fatNon-essential fat
  17. 17. Lean TissuesLean Tissues MusclesMuscles BonesBones OrgansOrgans
  18. 18. Reaction Time  it is amount of time it takes to make a physical response once you see the need to take to take an action.
  19. 19. SKILL-RELATED FITNESSSKILL-RELATED FITNESS COMPONENTSCOMPONENTS AgilityAgility BalanceBalance PowerPower CoordinationCoordination SpeedSpeed Reaction timeReaction time
  20. 20. Health-Related FitnessHealth-Related Fitness ComponentsComponents Cardio-vascular EnduranceCardio-vascular Endurance Muscular StrengthMuscular Strength Muscular EnduranceMuscular Endurance FlexibilityFlexibility Body CompositionBody Composition
  21. 21. ImprovesImproves PhysiologyPhysiology FunctioningFunctioning
  22. 22. 1. Improves physiology functioning. 2. Improves appearance. 3. Increases efficiency of the heart and lungs. 4. Increases muscle strength and endurance. 5. Reduces stress response. 6. Protects one from lower back problems. 7. Delays the aging process.. 8. Reduces the risk of coronary heart disease.
  23. 23.  PP - Philippine- Philippine  PP - Physical- Physical  FF - Fitness- Fitness  TT - Test- Test The PPFT are administered from 1st – 4th year high schoolThe PPFT are administered from 1st – 4th year high school to determine the progress in physical of an individual.to determine the progress in physical of an individual.
  24. 24.  The criteria utilized as basis for the selection of the items of the PPFT are as follows: 1. They should measure components of the physical fitness and not motor performance. 2. They can be administered with the use of the minimal equipment or facilities. 3. They approximate actual activities for fitness development and maintenance. 4. They can serve as a gauge for the lifetime fitness participation.
  25. 25. Tests to MeasureTests to Measure Physical FitnessPhysical Fitness
  26. 26. Revised Physical Fitness Test (Anthropometrics Measurement)
  27. 27. I.I. Body Mass Index (Weight)Body Mass Index (Weight)-- is the sum total of your height and weight.  Equipment needed: a bathroom scale (accuracy is 0.5 kilogram).  Procedure: 1. See to it that the pointing arm of the indicator is pointed to zero. 2. Students should be dressed in shorts and T-shirts.
  28. 28. 3. Before stepping into bathroom scale, the students are asked to empty their pockets, nothing is held in their hands, and they should be barefooted. 4. Student’s weight should be evenly distributed at the center Recording: record student’s mass to the nearest 0.5 kilogram
  29. 29. II. Stature (Height)- measure the height of the student from the floor to the top of his/her head.  Equipment needed: 1.Tape measure (accuracy is 0.1 centimeter) fastened flat to study wall. The starting zero point is on the floor. 2. Spirit level. 3. Evenly flat cemented floor. 4. Sturdy wall.
  30. 30. •Procedure: 1. Barefooted, lay the feet flat on the floor. 2. Don’t raise your heel while height is being measure by the tester. 3. Stand still and keep your body straight. 4. Keep your back flat on the floor. 5. Keep your eyes straight forward.
  31. 31. 6. Keep your hands at the side with the palm of the hand facing the thigh. 7. Spirit level will be placed on the top of the head, straight on the wall and the tester will look at the indicator to make sure that it is level. 8. Take a deep breath while the tester is measuring your height. •Recording: Record the standing height to the nearest 0.1 centimeter.
  32. 32. OverweightOverweight ObesityObesity
  33. 33. CAUSES OF OBESITYCAUSES OF OBESITY  Consuming more calories.Consuming more calories. Energy input>Energy output =Energy input>Energy output = ObesityObesity  EnvironmentEnvironment  HeredityHeredity  Psychological factorPsychological factor  Stressful situationsStressful situations  Neural centers of the brainNeural centers of the brain
  34. 34. How toHow to TreatTreat Obesity?Obesity? •EOP>EIPEOP>EIP •BariatricBariatric SurgerySurgery •Balance DietBalance Diet •RegularRegular ExerciseExercise
  35. 35. How to Compute BMI?How to Compute BMI? BMI =BMI = weight in kg.weight in kg. height in m2height in m2 Example:Example: W= 39 kg.W= 39 kg. H= 1.05 m.H= 1.05 m. 39 kg39 kg ==3939 == 3939 1.05 m square1.05 m square 1.05x1.05 =1.05x1.05 = 1.101.10 BMI =35.45BMI =35.45
  36. 36. Anthropometric IndicatorsAnthropometric Indicators Below 18.5Below 18.5 - underweight- underweight 18.5-24.918.5-24.9 - normal- normal 25.0-29.925.0-29.9 - overweight- overweight 3030aboveabove - obese- obese
  37. 37. Compute for the BMICompute for the BMI 1.1. w=48 kg.w=48 kg. h=1.38m.h=1.38m. 2. w=50 kg.2. w=50 kg. h=1.60 m.h=1.60 m. 3. w=43 kg.3. w=43 kg. h=1.15 m.h=1.15 m.
  38. 38. III. Sitting Height- the distance from the buttocks up to your head. Your head, neck and trunk are being measured.  Equipment needed: 1. Tape measure attached firmly on the wall, with the zero point leveled on the flat surface of a chair or a bench. 2. Chair or bench with flat surface fastened on the wall.
  39. 39. Procedure: 1. The student is asked to sit on a bench or a chair with knees bent forward with the hands resting on the thighs. 2. The tape measure should be running vertically to the chair. The student should position himself with the tape measure at the middle of his back. 3. The student’s buttocks and shoulder should passed lightly against the wall. 4. Sit tall, keep your back straight and do not lift your chin upward.
  40. 40. 5. Keep your eyes straight forward. 6. Take a deep breath while the tester is putting the spirit level on top of your head straight to the wall. He will look at the indicator to make sure that it is level. •Recording: record student’s sitting height to the nearest 0.1 centimeter
  41. 41. IV. Arm Span- refer to the length of your right middle finger to the tip of your left middle finger which are extended at shoulder level against a firm wall.  Equipment needed: 1. Two tape measure at least 3 meters long and accurate to 0.1 centimeter, mounted horizontally on the wall, both tapes parallel to each other, one about 1 meter from the floor, the other approximately 1.5 meters from the floor. Place the zero point at the corner of the wall. 2. Tri-square.
  42. 42. Procedure: 1. Stand straight with your back against the wall, feet together, with heels buttocks and shoulder in contact with the wall. 2. Extend both arms sideward at shoulder level, press back of hands against the wall with the tip of one middle finger resting zero point at the corner of the wall.
  43. 43. 3. Using the Tri-square, the tester will hold it vertically to line the tip of the middle finger of the other head with the tape above or below, whichever is nearer your arms. •Recording: record arm span to the nearest 0.1 centimeter.
  44. 44. Revised Physical Fitness Test Muscular Fitness Test (Test for Muscular Fitness)
  45. 45. I. Partial Curl-ups- is a test for abdominal muscle strength.  Equipment needed: no equipment is required. • Procedure: 1. Keep your back flat on the floor. Bent knees, feet apart but not to wide. 2. Starting point: Hold the knees with both hands and elbows straight.
  46. 46. 3. At the “go” signal, you start lowering your body until such time that the tip of your middle finger is one inch from the top of your knees. 4. Go up to go back to starting position. Repeat the whole sequence as many as you can properly and accurately.
  47. 47. 5. To complete one curl-up, you can count “one thousand one, one thousand two in going down and going up without a gap” . 6. Stop counting when a student rests by holding his knees or lie on his back on the floor. • Recording: record the number of curl- up. The maximum score is 50 for boys and 40 for girls.
  48. 48. II. Trunk Lift- is performed to test the strength and flexibility of the extensor muscles of your lower back.  Equipment needed: a ruler marked 15 and 30-centimeter point. • Procedure: 1. The student will lie on his chest, face down the floor with his palms up and positioned under his thighs. 2. The student will be instructed to slowly lift his body to a maximum height of 30 centimeters. The students are not to go beyond 30 centimeters because they might injure their lower back.
  49. 49. 6. Hold your position for about two seconds when the tester is measuring the distance of the chin on the floor by placing the ruler one inch away from the edge of the chin. 7. After the tester have measured the distance, the student will be asked to return to their starting position. 3. Do not lift your head. Keep your eyes straight forward. 4. The student will repeat the whole sequence once more. 5. The students are encouraged to do the test on a controlled manner and are discouraged to bounce.
  50. 50. •Recording: The higher score of the two trials to the nearest 0.1 centimeter should be recorded.
  51. 51. III. Right Angle Push-ups- is a test for the upper body muscles and arm strength and endurance.  Equipment needed: no equipment is required. • Procedure: 1. The student will lie on the floor with his face down on the floor, the thumb in on line with the shoulder.
  52. 52. 2. Keep your legs slightly apart, knees straight. 3. Keeping his legs and back straight, the student pushes off the floor and assumes the starting position. 4. The student bends his elbows and lower himself until his arms are at a right angle (90- degrees). 5. The student repeats the movement for a maximum of 50 for boys and 30 for girls.
  53. 53. 6. Stop the student when he commits two form breaks such as failure to go down at the 90- degree angle, extend his elbows fully, unable to keep his legs and back straight, or maintain the cadence of one-second count in going down and one-second count in going up. •Recording: Record the number of push-ups completed. Boys-50, Girls- 30
  54. 54. Revised Physical Fitness Test Flexibility Fitness and Physiological Fitness Test (Flexibility Fitness)
  55. 55. I. Sit and Reach- is a test for flexibility of the hamstring muscles (back of the thigh).  Equipment needed: a tape measure accurate to 0.1 centimeters, firmly attached to the floor, marked distinctly at the 50-centimeter mark; a cardboard or plywood (10 by 20) centimeters. • Procedure: 1. The student sits on the floor with the tape between his legs, with the right or left foot bent, the heel of the extended foot is at the 50-centimeter mark.
  56. 56. 2. The extended leg is being blocked by the shoes of Thumbs locked and fingers are extended and raised above the head. The extended leg is fully stretched. Bend the trunk forward. Hold that position for two seconds while the tester is reading the score. 3. his partner who is standing in front of him. 4. The bended foot ‘s sole is flat on the floor and the heels should be as close as possible to the buttocks. 5. Repeat the whole sequence one more time. 6. Then repeat the sequence with other foot. • Recording: Record the distance reached with bent left foot and right foot.
  57. 57. II. Shoulder Stretch- is a test for shoulder flexibility.  .Equipment needed: no equipment is required. • Procedure: 1. The student, with his right hand, reaches over his right shoulder and at the same time, he places his left hand behind his back to touch the fingers of the right hand.
  58. 58. 2. Perform the test with the left hand over the left shoulder and the right hand touching the left hand’s fingers. •Recording: Record the score as “passed” and “failed” for each test.
  59. 59. (Physiological Fitness)
  60. 60. I. 1-Kilometer Run/Walk- is a test for the cardio- respiratory endurance. It is the ability of the heart and lungs to endure fatigue for a long period of time.  Equipment: a track oval or a running area with known measurement, stopwatch. • Procedure: 1. A group of 15-20 runners at a time will run the distance (1 and ½ lap around a track oval). Their partners will monitor the number of laps covered.
  61. 61. 2. The timer will call out the time in minutes and seconds as each runner crosses the finish line. 3. The partners will listen to the time of those who ran and note this for recording. •Recording: Record the time in minutes and seconds.
  62. 62. Revised Physical Fitness Test (Muscular Fitness or Talent Identification)
  63. 63. I. Standing Long Jump- is a test for leg strength and power.  Equipment needed: a tape measure accurate to 0.1 centimeters at least three meters long and placed firmly on the floor; and a tri-square. • Procedure: 1. The student stands behind the take-off line, to the left of the tape and making sure that the tip of his shoes do not go beyond the take-off line. The feet should be aligned.
  64. 64. 2. He crouches, swings his arms backward and jumps forward as long as he can and upon stepping down on the floor continues to move forward without stopping his forward momentum. Swinging the arms back and forth is not allowed. 3. The tester marks the spot where the back of the pupil’s heels landed; noting the mark closest to the take- off line if he landed with heels apart. 4. The student will make another attempt. 5. The tester, using the tri-square lines this up with the tape and notes the further distance of the two trials. • Scoring: Record the score in meters and to the nearest 0.1 centimeter.
  65. 65. II. Basketball Pass- measures upper body strength and power or the ability to exert forceful movement utilizing the muscles of the arms and upper body.  Equipment: size 7 basketball and an accurately measured throwing area at least 15 meters long. • Procedure: 1. Student sits on the floor with the buttocks, back and head pressed against the wall, legs are stretched forward. 2. Hold the ball with two hands and chest level,.
  66. 66. 3. push the ball with two both hands horizontally forward as far as possible. 4. The buttocks, back and head should be constantly pressed on the wall while executing the basketball pass using only the arm and shoulder muscles. 5. The student is given two trials to perform the basketball pass. • Recordings: Record the farther distance of the two trials to the nearest 0.5 centimeter
  67. 67. III. 40-Meter Sprint- is conducted to measure the running speed of the students.  Equipment needed: stop watch, a flat cemented area free from obstruction with 40 meters from the starting to finish line extended for post momentum.
  68. 68. Procedure: 1. Students stand behind the starting line. 2. The timer positions himself 6 inches to the left line. 3. The starter stands behind the finish line holding a flag raised above his head. 4. When the starter lowers his flag to signal “GO” the student will run as fast as he can to reach the finish line. 5. The timer will stop the clock as soon as the student passed the finished line. • Recording: Record the time in minutes and seconds.
  69. 69.  2. The basis principles to determine the effectiveness of any fitness program. Overload - the principle of overload refers to the amount of exercise that is needed to improve fitness level. - to increase one’s level of physical fitness, the body must be overloaded beyond the normal activity.
  70. 70. Variables involved in arranging the amount of exercise necessary:  Frequency- refers to the number of exercise sessions an individual performs per week.  Duration- refers to the length of each exercise.  Intensity- indicates how hard the exercise can be performed.  Progression- is how overload should take place.  Specificity- infers that all skills and activities are unique training that is geared specifically to each.
  71. 71. THE EXERCISE SESSIONTHE EXERCISE SESSION  ffor the exercise to be effective in developing physical fitness, it should be done regularly. Most of the parameters of physical fitness can be effectively developed when exercises are done at least three times a week. Lesson 2
  72. 72. A. Learning the Basic Principle of Exercise
  73. 73. 1. Warm-up  prepares the muscles for exercise and allows the flow of oxygen in the body.
  74. 74. 2. Workout2. Workout  elevates the heart rate and achieve aerobic fitness.
  75. 75. The activities which may be includedThe activities which may be included in this phase are:in this phase are: walking running & jogging swimming Rope skipping aerobic dancing Biking/cycling
  76. 76. 3. Cool-down3. Cool-down  should be accomplished after the workout by walking for few minutes.
  77. 77. B. Common Injuries Related to Exercise/ Sports
  78. 78. SprainSprain  the wrenching of a joint without producing dislocation.
  79. 79. Strains  an injury to tendon and ligament
  80. 80. BlistersBlisters  a collection of reddish mark and fluid in the skin due to pressure injury.
  81. 81. BruisesBruises  an injury produced by impact without skin breakage but causing blood vessels to rupture and can result to discoloration of the surrounding tissues.
  82. 82. C. Principles to consider to prevent injuries
  83. 83.  You should not force your joints to move in a way that they are not designed to move.  You should not stress your bones, ligaments, or muscles, as you exercise your movements.  You should balance the muscle development.
  84. 84. D. Treating injuryD. Treating injury using theusing the “RICE”“RICE” formula.formula.
  85. 85.  RR -- is for rest. Two to three days rest periods are required.  II -- is for ice. 20minutes immediately after injury, sprain or a strain should be immersed in cold water covered with ice in a towel or plastic bag.  CC -- is for compression. Use elastic bandage to wrap the injury. This helps to limit the swelling. The compression should not be too tight and should not be taken off periodically, so as not to restrict blood flow.  EE -- is for elevation. Raising the body part above the heart helps reduce the swelling.
  86. 86. E. Weight Training
  87. 87. Weight TrainingWeight Training  a type of training that attempts to move the body on necessitates the movement of the different parts of the body against an opposing force trough different kind of equipments.
  88. 88. Types of WeightTypes of Weight TrainingTraining
  89. 89. Competitive Weight LiftingCompetitive Weight Lifting  individual tries to lift a barbell with a weight greater than what other competitors can lift in a specific weight division.
  90. 90. PowerliftingPowerlifting  uses more weight and is performed at a slower pace.
  91. 91. Three Techniques
  92. 92. SquatSquat  A lift consisting ofA lift consisting of squatting all the waysquatting all the way down and thendown and then rising to a standingrising to a standing position whileposition while holding a barbellholding a barbell behind the head andbehind the head and resting it on theresting it on the back of theback of the shoulder.shoulder.
  93. 93. Bench PressBench Press  A lift where theA lift where the lifter lies on his backlifter lies on his back on a horizontalon a horizontal bench and pushes abench and pushes a barbell from thebarbell from the chest to arm’s lengthchest to arm’s length and then lowers itand then lowers it on his/her chest.on his/her chest.
  94. 94. Dead LiftDead Lift  A lift which theA lift which the weight is lifted fromweight is lifted from the floor to hip levelthe floor to hip level and then lowered byand then lowered by the power of thethe power of the back and legs.back and legs.
  95. 95. Points to Consider in WeightPoints to Consider in Weight TrainingTraining  Avoid training on a full stomach.  Warm-up and stretch at least for five minutes.  Wear a t-shirt or tank top while on training for comfort. Observe a cooling-down period after training.  Wipe sweat with a towel and shower only for 30 seconds to avoid catching colds.  If a masseur is available, have a massage to soften and relax the muscles.
  96. 96. Particular Facilities andParticular Facilities and Equipments for Weight TrainingEquipments for Weight Training
  97. 97. The Physical Fitness and Sport Talent Test (PESTT)- helps you decide what kind of physical activities you need and helps you develop a personal fitness plan. Lesson 3
  98. 98. Lateral Neck StretchLateral Neck Stretch  stretches the sides of the neck.
  99. 99. Kneeling Shoulder StretchKneeling Shoulder Stretch  stretches the shoulder and upper back.
  100. 100. Single Leg TuckSingle Leg Tuck  stretches the muscles at the back of your thighs (hamstrings) as well as the lower back.
  101. 101. Calf StretchCalf Stretch  stretches the calf muscles and Achilles tendon.
  102. 102. Single Knee to ChestSingle Knee to Chest
  103. 103. Side stretchSide stretch
  104. 104. Hip and Thigh Stretch
  105. 105.  Elbow special- benefits the muscle of the chest and upper back.  Sitting stretch- benefits the muscles of the lower back and those behind thighs (hamstrings).  Crossed leg hamstring stretch- stretches the hamstrings muscles.
  106. 106. Agree or Disagree?Agree or Disagree? Prove or Defend your answerProve or Defend your answer  Physical fitness is not a fad, it is a way ofPhysical fitness is not a fad, it is a way of life.life.  Being physically active helps us to be bothBeing physically active helps us to be both physiologically and psychologically well.physiologically and psychologically well.  Fitness is the extent to which the body canFitness is the extent to which the body can respond to the demands of physical effort.respond to the demands of physical effort.  Major fitness categories are aerobicMajor fitness categories are aerobic training and strength training.training and strength training.
  107. 107. Agree or Disagree?Agree or Disagree? Prove or Defend your answerProve or Defend your answer  Goals for an exercise program includeGoals for an exercise program include stress reduction.stress reduction.  The most common form of exercise abuseThe most common form of exercise abuse is exercising a body part of the entire bodyis exercising a body part of the entire body beyond its biological limit to the point ofbeyond its biological limit to the point of injury.injury.  Common injuries from exercise includeCommon injuries from exercise include strain, tendonitis, bursitis, sprain, blisters.strain, tendonitis, bursitis, sprain, blisters.
  108. 108. Unit II IndividualIndividual andand Dual SportsDual Sports
  109. 109. Sports OfficiatingSports Officiating  is a combination of the arts and sciences. Lesson 1
  110. 110. IMPORTANCE OF SPORTSIMPORTANCE OF SPORTS  Understanding the basic skills in playing individual and dual sports.  Development of the basic skills in playing individual and dual sports.  Enhancement of character like self- discipline, cooperation and self- determination.
  111. 111. A. Table TennisA. Table Tennis  Is a very fast gameIs a very fast game and considered asand considered as the number onethe number one racket in China,racket in China, Japan and UnitedJapan and United StatesStates..
  112. 112. Duties and Function ofDuties and Function of the Officials:the Officials: • RefereeReferee • ScorerScorer
  113. 113. RefereeReferee  Informs the player of theInforms the player of the rules of the game.rules of the game.  Decides on any questionsDecides on any questions of rule interpretation, onof rule interpretation, on which he is the onewhich he is the one authorized to disqualify.authorized to disqualify.  Keeps and announcesKeeps and announces score after each rally.score after each rally.  Calls all faults orCalls all faults or violations.violations.
  114. 114. ScorerScorer  Keeps the scoreKeeps the score sheet as the gamesheet as the game progresses.progresses.  Follows theFollows the decisions of thedecisions of the referee.referee.
  115. 115. Rules of theRules of the GameGame • Singles • Service • A Good Return
  116. 116. SinglesSingles  Singles- a game is even if the player who first scores II points, have scored 10points, in which case the one who first scores 2 points more than the opponent is the winner.
  117. 117.  Service- a good service is delivered by projecting the ball from the free hand and the projection starts from above the playing surface.
  118. 118.  A good return of the served ball must be struck by the receiver on the first bounce so that is passes directly on top of the opponent’s court.
  119. 119. PointsPoints  Unless the rally is “let”, a player shall lose a point. – If he fails to make a good service. – If he fails to make a good return. – If he volleys or obstructs the ball, except so provided in Article no. 3 in “let”. – If he strikes the ball twice successively. – If the ball touches his court twice successively.
  120. 120.  A Game shall be won by the player or pair first scoring 21 points unless both players or pairs 20 points, when the game shall be won by the player or first scoring consequently 2 points more than the opposing player or pair. Let ball is called when: 1. If the served ball, upon passing over the net, touches it or its support provided that the service would otherwise have been good or volleyed by the receiver. 2. If a service is delivered when the receiver is not ready.
  121. 121. A Match:A Match:  A match shall consist of the best of three games or the best of five games.  Play shall be continuous throughout a match except that any player shall be entitled to claim an interval of not more than five minutes between the third and fourth games of a match and of not more than one minute between any other successive games of a match.
  122. 122. Practices:Practices:  Practice Periods- players are entitled to a practice period of up to two minutes before the start of a match and the referee my at his discretion, allow a longer period of time is available.  Choice of Balls- players and teams will generally be asked to choose a number of mutually accepted balls before their matches are due and the selected balls will be sealed in a box until the start of the match.  Eligibility of Players- a player representing an Association for the first time must provide, if so requested by the referee, proof of his eligibility to represent that Association.
  123. 123. Answer the following:Answer the following:  What are the basic skills in Table Tennis?What are the basic skills in Table Tennis? Describe each.Describe each.  Explain the basic rules of Table Tennis inExplain the basic rules of Table Tennis in terms of:terms of:  Single gameSingle game - Scoring- Scoring  Double gameDouble game - Let- Let  ServiceService - Match- Match What values are portrayed in TableWhat values are portrayed in Table Tennis?Tennis?
  124. 124. A. Badminton GameA. Badminton Game  A game that can beA game that can be played indoors andplayed indoors and outdoors.outdoors.  It is a racket gameIt is a racket game played by two playersplayed by two players for singles and fourfor singles and four players for doubles.players for doubles.  It is played in a smallIt is played in a small court and played with acourt and played with a small, light racket andsmall, light racket and shuttlecock or bird.shuttlecock or bird.
  125. 125. TerminologiesTerminologies
  126. 126.  Ace- a point, a score.  Bird- a shuttlecock.  Carry- an indecisive hit of the shuttlecock.  Cross court- a hit from one side of the court directly to the opposite side of the opponent’s court.  Down- loss of service. One down for singles and two downs for doubles.  Fault- illegal play which results in loss service.
  127. 127. Flight- the path the shuttle follows after being struck. Inning- in doubles, the side’s turn of service. Love- no score, zero. Let- a serve that is repeated because of serving out of turn an incorrect court and the point is won. Wood shot- striking the shuttle with any part of the wood of the racket.
  128. 128. OfficiatingOfficiating BadmintonBadminton
  129. 129. Duties of the Head Referee  Manages the match.  Heads the officials of the game
  130. 130. UmpireUmpire
  131. 131. Umpire Before the GameUmpire Before the Game  Secures the score sheet from the head referee.  Sees that all materials needed for scoring are in order.  Inspects the posts, net and court.  Sees to it that the service judge and linesmen are doing their tasks.  Make sure that plenty of new shuttlecocks are at hand.  Reports to the head referee the refringements of the rules.
  132. 132. Umpire at the Beginning of and During the Game  Make sure that the tossing of the coins is properly done.  Implements the rules without objection among the players.  Decides of objections and protests before the service.  Informs the players, as well as the spectators, about the progress of the game.  Places or removes officials upon consultation with the head referee.  Abides by the decision of the service judge and linesmen.  Receives from the head referee the appeals and protests by either player or team.
  133. 133. Duty of the scorer:Duty of the scorer:  He records the points scored by each player and certifies the winner or loser of the game.
  134. 134. Duty of theDuty of the linesmen:linesmen:  They decide whether the shuttle fell inside or outside the court.
  135. 135. Service JudgeService Judge
  136. 136.  The tail of the shuttle hits the racketThe tail of the shuttle hits the racket instead of the base.instead of the base.  During the service, the shuttle must beDuring the service, the shuttle must be lower than the waist upon the contactlower than the waist upon the contact with the racket.with the racket.  Delay in the service.Delay in the service.  The server holds the racket headThe server holds the racket head higher than his hand.higher than his hand.  The server lifts his/her foot during theThe server lifts his/her foot during the service.service.
  137. 137. LinesmenLinesmen  The shuttle lands outside.The shuttle lands outside.  In doubt to give decision.In doubt to give decision.  The shuttle lands inside.The shuttle lands inside.
  138. 138. Strategy/Strategy/ MechanicsMechanics
  139. 139. InIn SinglesSingles  the most importantthe most important in singles are speedin singles are speed and deception. Theand deception. The players must striveplayers must strive to cover the theto cover the the whole court andwhole court and outwit theoutwit the opponent.opponent.
  140. 140. InIn DoublesDoubles  Side by side- partnersSide by side- partners divide the court in halfdivide the court in half so that each playerso that each player covers one side of thecovers one side of the court.court.  Front and back- theFront and back- the partners divide thepartners divide the court into two parts.court into two parts. One covers theOne covers the forecourt and theforecourt and the other one covers theother one covers the backcourt.backcourt.
  141. 141. InIn DoublesDoubles  Diagonal- partners divideDiagonal- partners divide the court into halves andthe court into halves and one player covers the netone player covers the net from one side while thefrom one side while the other does it from the sideother does it from the side line to the backcourt.line to the backcourt.  Rotation- instead ofRotation- instead of dividing the court intodividing the court into halves, the players move inhalves, the players move in a counterclockwise circlea counterclockwise circle to cover the court.to cover the court.
  142. 142. ServesServes  The long high serveThe long high serve- the- the basic serve of the gamebasic serve of the game in singles.in singles.  The short serveThe short serve- the- the basic serve for thebasic serve for the doubles.doubles.  The driven serve-The driven serve- this isthis is the kind of serve thatthe kind of serve that may catch the opponentmay catch the opponent off guard.off guard. - this is the flat service.- this is the flat service.
  143. 143. Basic RulesBasic Rules
  144. 144.  Only the serving side may score.  In order to win , the player must gain 2 points ahead of this opponent.  The men’s singles and all double games consist of 15-21 points as a arranged in advance.  At the beginning of the inning, the first services are always delivered from the right court.
  145. 145.  It is a fault of: – A player if it reaches into the opponent’s court and strikes the shuttle before it has crossed the net. – The player touch the net with any part of his body, clothing or racket. – A player hits the shuttle more than once before it crosses over the net. – A player fails to return the shuttle before it hits the floor, or if he fails to return the shuttle over the net. – The net strikes any part of the wood of the racket if the faults are committed by the serving player, the service is lost but if committed by the receiving side, the point is served to the server.
  146. 146.  It is a service fault and results in a loss of service if: 1. The shuttle is above the waist or hand at the point of contact. 2. The server is not completely within the proper service court. 3. The server does not keep at least one foot in contact with the floor. 4. The server in any way balks or faints. 5. The served shuttle fails to fall in the proper receiving court.
  147. 147. Ready position:Ready position:  Establish both feet at the moment the opponent is hitting the shuttle.  Feet should be shoulder width apart, one slightly ahead of the other for better balance.  Knees remain flexed at all times, to move fast around the court.  Remember to position yourself at the center to reach any return.
  148. 148. The ServiceThe Service  The server and the receiver must stand, with both feet inside diagonally opposite service court.  A serve must be an underhand stroke, with the shuttle below the server’s waist at the moment of the contact.  The movements of the server’s racket must continue forward after the start of the service until shuttle is contacted.  Talking or fainting is not permitted and such illegal motion is called a balk.  The shuttle must pass over the net and land in the receiver’s service court, which includes all lines down in the court.
  149. 149. Answer the following:Answer the following:  What are the basic skills in Badminton?What are the basic skills in Badminton? Describe each.Describe each.  Explain the basic rules of Table Tennis inExplain the basic rules of Table Tennis in terms of:terms of:  Single gameSingle game - Scoring- Scoring  Double gameDouble game - Let- Let  ServiceService - Match- Match Explain the duties of officiating officials inExplain the duties of officiating officials in Badminton.Badminton. What values are portrayed in Badminton?What values are portrayed in Badminton?
  150. 150. Organization and Management of Sports The success or failure of any sports program rests on how it is planned, executed, evaluated and corrected . No plan can be assured of success in all places, at all times, even executed by the same people. The 3 M’s for management (material resources, manpower and methods used) control the outcome of management. The intervening variables and the interval as well as the external factors greatly influence the results of the program. Lesson 2
  151. 151. There are 3 stages in a sport program : 1. Planning 2. Execution 3. Evaluation Sports management may be good mediocre and poor. a. poor management yields sub-standard results b. mediocre management yield average results c. good management produces satisfactory results.
  152. 152. In order to be successful, there should be a committee: 1. Over –all organizer –composed of the chairman and co-chairman, assisted by other committees. a. They are also in-charge in planning the over-all program of the tournament. b. They are the ones who announce the rules and regulations to be followed in the game. c. They are the ones who organize the committee that will do different duties and responsibilities.
  153. 153. 2.2. Committees toCommittees to be organized:be organized: a.a. Program andProgram and InvitationInvitation b.b. AccommodationAccommodation c.c. Committee in-Committee in- charge of thecharge of the facilitiesfacilities d.d. Peace and OrderPeace and Order e.e. AwardsAwards CommitteeCommittee 3.3. Officials neededOfficials needed in the game:in the game: • RefereeReferee • UmpireUmpire • ScorerScorer • LinemenLinemen • TimerTimer • Other officialsOther officials
  154. 154. Answer the following:Answer the following:  What are the three stages in a sportsWhat are the three stages in a sports program? Explain each.program? Explain each.  What are the committees to be organizedWhat are the committees to be organized for a successful sports program?for a successful sports program?  Who are the officials needed in the game?Who are the officials needed in the game?
  155. 155. LESSON 1
  156. 156. Team Sports Team sports deal mostly of basketball and volleyball. These are the two of the most popular sports and recreational activities of all ages. Its characteristics and nature are essential qualities that make the game exciting and interesting. Lesson 1
  157. 157. 1. Passing the ball should be handled with the thumb and finger pads and are not with the palms of the hands. The passer should step forward in the direction of his receiver.
  158. 158. Basketball game  is a team sport consisting of five players in court playing. The purpose of the team is to shoot the ball into one’s team basket and make a score and also to prevent the other team from securing the ball or from scoring. The ball may be passed, thrown, tapped , rolled or dribbled in any direction, subject to the restriction laid down by the rules of the games.
  159. 159. A. Baseball Pass  body weight shifts from back to front. A sidearm should be avoided. Hold the ball with the hand, swing the hand back and throw the ball baseball pass the way a catcher throw it to the second base.
  160. 160. B. Chest Pass  generally, one foot is ahead of the other, knees flexed slightly. Ball is held at chest level, fingers spread at each side of the ball. Elbows remain close to the body and the ball is sent with extended arms and proper wrist snap, as one foot moves forward the receiver.
  161. 161. C. Overhead Pass  stand in a short position, with the ball held overhead. The arms, upward, throw with a forceful wrist and finger snap. The pass should take a slight downward path to be most effective.
  162. 162. D. Under Hand Pass  the ball should be held one side in both hands with the foot on the other side toward the receiver. The ball is somewhat face toward the receiver with a step made with the leading foot.
  163. 163. E. Bounce Pass  any of the three passes described ca be adapter to make a bounce pass. The object is to get the pass to the receiver on first bounce so that the ball comes to his out stretched hand about waist high. The ball must be bounce a little more than halfway between the two player
  164. 164. 2. Shooting involves intricate skills and should be encouraged to develop consistent techniques, rather than being satisfied because the ball happened to go into the basket.
  165. 165. Common factors to all shot that used to be leaned and practiced: a. good body position is important. b. make a good grip of the ball with fingers well spread and the ball resting on the pads of the fingers. c fix the eye on the target during all phases of the shot . d. cock the wrist as the shot start. e. be sure that follow through is made.
  166. 166. 1. Jump Shot  this shot can be executed from a running or standing position. It is a difficult shot for the opponent to anticipate and almost impossible to guard against. To make an accurate shot, you need balance, coordination, and a clear view of the target.
  167. 167. 2. Hook Shot  to make a hook shot, your back must be toward the basket., the foot approximately a shoulder width apart.
  168. 168. 3. One-hand Set Shot  if right-handed, support the ball with your left hand, holding the back and bottom with your right hand, push upward and outward, releasing the ball off the ends of your fingers with strong wrist action and follow through with fingers and arms
  169. 169. 4. Lay-up Shot  this is used when the player is running towards the basket.
  170. 170. 3. Dribbling  the dribblers knees and trunks should slightly be flexed, with his head and eyes forward, using peripheral vision. The ball is propelled with a cupped, released hand, using the fingertips and relax wrist..
  171. 171. Officiating basketball and their duties
  172. 172. 1. Referee and umpire conduct the game according to the rules:  putting the ball in play  determining when the ball is dead  administering penalties  ordering time-outs  beckoning substitutes to come to court  handling the ball to a player for throw –in  they have the power to make decision for infraction of the rules committed either within or outside the boundary lines
  173. 173. 2. Scorer  keeps a chronological running summary of points scored.
  174. 174. 3. Time Keeper  Notes when each half is to start.  Keeps record of playing time and time of stoppage.  Starts time-out watch and directs the scorer to signal to the referee the resumption of the game.  indicates with a gong, or bell the expiration of playing time in each half or extra period.
  175. 175. Players, Substitutes and Coaches Each team shall consists of not more than ten players, one of whom shall be the captain. The coach may be seconded by on assistant coach . In tournaments where a team has to play more than five games, the number of players in each team may be increased to twelve. • Substitute if a member of the team is a player when he is on the court and is entitled to play. It become a player when the official beckons him to enter the court and a player become a substitute when he leaves the court as authorized by the rules.
  176. 176. • Captain – Duties and Powers the captain shall be the representative of his team and shall control its play. The captain may address an official on matters of interpretation or to obtain essential information. • Coaches 20 minutes before the game begins: the coaches shall furnish the scorer with names and numbers of the players who are to play in the game.
  177. 177. Some definitions/ meaning of term
  178. 178. 1. Blocking  a personal contact which impedes the progress of an opponent.
  179. 179. 2. Holding  a personal contact with an opponent that interferes with his freedom of movement.
  180. 180. 3. Pushing  a personal contact that takes places when a player forcibly moves or attempts to move an opponent.
  181. 181. 4. Charging  a personal contact which occurs when a player, with or without the ball, makes his way forcibly and contact an opponent in his patch.
  182. 182. 5. Illegal Use of Hand  occurs when a player contacts an opponent ‘s hand while it is on the ball and is incidental to an attempt to play the ball.
  183. 183. 6. Screening  an attempt an prevent an opponent who dose not control the ball from reaching a desired position
  184. 184. Mechanics in the Officiating Basketball 1. When out-of-bounds situation or violations occurs: a. Blow the whistle long and loud enough to be heard by all participants and officials. b. Raise the hand to signal the stop of the time. c. Signal the kind of violation. d. Call-out-loud the color of the team to which the ball will be awarded and signal the direction to which the team will proceed. e. Point the spot where throw-in will be taken.
  185. 185. 2. When foul is committed: a. Blow the whistle once. b. Be sure the player knows the nature of the foul being charged. c. Proceed to the scorer’s in such a manner that the scorer has a clear view of you. d. Clearly signal the number of the offending player for a few seconds enable the scorer to record the number accurately. e. Indicate the kind of foul committed, and complete the procedure indicating the penalty.
  186. 186. Referee’s Signals:
  187. 187. Time out  Stop the clock.  Substitute may enter.
  188. 188. Illegal dribble  patting motion.  fingers sideward.
  189. 189. Pushing/Charging  signal foul: imitate push
  190. 190. Illegal use of hands  signal foul: strike wrist.
  191. 191. Designate Offender  hold up number of player.
  192. 192. Travelling  rotate fists.
  193. 193. Technical foul  signal foul.
  194. 194. Identify the ff.Identify the ff. Basketball Hand SignalsBasketball Hand Signals
  195. 195. Identify the ff.Identify the ff. Basketball Hand SignalsBasketball Hand Signals
  196. 196. Identify the ff.Identify the ff. Basketball Hand SignalsBasketball Hand Signals
  197. 197. Next Lesson… Volleyball Game
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×