AN AMAZING STORY OF SURVIVAL• The year 1972• One Uruguayan rugby team• Stranded for 72 days• 16 survivorsThis is their story…
REVIEW: WHAT WE KNOW…• Allegory • Symbolism• Theme
ALLEGORY IN LORD OF THE FLIESAllegory – a form of Three types: extended metaphor in which • Moral objects, persons, an d actions take on • Social meanings that lie outside the story • Religious itself. In this case, characters are often personifications of abstract ideas. Allegorical stories have two meanings: one literal and one
GOALS FOR THE LESSON: • To understand how an author can use symbols to illustrate his message to the reader (theme). • To explain how the story of Lord of the Flies can also serve as a parable of our current times.Chapter 12
LITERARY DEVICESUniversal Theme – Parable – A message that extends beyond A story that the text, applying illustrates a to life and the moral lesson. human condition.
How does it all fit together?Symbols Allegory Universal Parable theme
THE MORAL ALLEGORY• Ralph tries to Ralph = common balance sense Piggy, Simon and Jack, but is Piggy = intellect unsuccessful. Jack = emotions• Therefore, the Simon = soul group falls into chaos and Ralph turns into a brute beast.
THE SOCIAL ALLEGORY• Ralph tries to Ralph = government balance Jack = power Jack, Piggy, an Piggy = technology d Simon but Simon = humanism fails. (Maslow)• Power warps technology, de stroys humanism and attempts to abolish government.
THE RELIGIOUS ALLEGORY• Ralph, with the Ralph = everyman hope of Piggy = intellect salvation, belittles intellect, and can’t Simon = spiritual understand truth spiritual truth. Jack = temptation• Eventually, Ralph disregards spiritual truth in favor of his own physical appetites and desire for violence and thrill-seeking
Ralph Jack Piggy SimonIntellect power technology MORALCommon sense soul government SOCIALTemptation everyman emotionsSpiritual truth humanism intellect RELIGIOUS
Ralph Jack Piggy SimonCommon emotions intellect soulsense MORAL SOCIALGovernment power technology humanism RELIGIOUSEveryman temptation intellect spiritual truth
Characterization & SymbolismChoose one character from the novel andexplain why your group feels he is the mostimportant member of the society. In yourdiscussion, consider the following:• What personality traits does he have that are necessary for survival?• How well does he fit into the group as a whole?• What does each person symbolize? Chapter 11