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Commercial destocking pastoralist areas of Borena
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Commercial destocking pastoralist areas of Borena

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Livestock destocking have been started in 1980s by NGOs and state agencies (Slaughter destocking related to meat supply during drought …

Livestock destocking have been started in 1980s by NGOs and state agencies (Slaughter destocking related to meat supply during drought
Commercial destocking is recent, started to be practiced in Southern Ethiopia in Borena with NGOs and government,
The main strategy used was facilitating link between traders and the drought affected community or providing fund to the cooperatives
The two approaches in destocking are: commercial and slaughter destocking (Both types of destocking are familiar in Borena & practiced since 2005/6 by NGO & Government

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  • 1. COMMERCIAL DESTOCKING IN PASTORAL COMMUNITY OF BORENA Daniel .Temesgen & Wendesen. Gulelat 1
  • 2. BACKGROUND Livestock destocking have been started in 1980s by NGOs and state agencies (Slaughter destocking related to meat supply during drought Commercial destocking is recent, started to be practiced in Southern Ethiopia in Borena with NGOs and government, The main strategy used was facilitating link between traders and the drought affected community or providing fund to the cooperatives The two approaches in destocking are: commercial and slaughter destocking (Both types of destocking are familiar in Borena & practiced since 2005/6 by NGO & Government 2
  • 3. BACKGROUND Currently CARE and SAVE US have been practicing it since 2011 In Borena areas of Ethiopia, commercial destocking is seen as one of the best solutions to many problems of the Borena pastoralist A team of six from CARE Ethiopia, CARE Nederlands, PFE and Group URD have conducted assessment in commercial destocking from Nov 4-8, 2011 3
  • 4. BACKGROUND The objective of the assessment is to address thefollowing questions”?” How can government, NGOs, Private sector andcommunity work together to arrive at a stage wherecommercially destocking is a viable alternative?”?” What practices & systems are in place? 4
  • 5. METHODOLOGY The assessment started with interview of stakeholders in Addis Ababa The assessment was conducted in four selected Weredas and kebeles All stakeholders at Zonal and Wereda level were included in the assessment The field assessment was followed by Zonal stakeholders workshop Both secondary and primary sources of information were collected at all the stages of the assessment For primary source used individual in-depth interview and focus group discussion techniques were used 5
  • 6. THE STATUS OF DROUGHT AND RESPONSE 2011 Both the Ganna and Hagaya rain failed, the drought was so long The intervention focused on includes Vet. service, fodder supply, water rationing and food support Commercial Destocking has been planned by the Zonal Taskforce however could not be implemented and there was a little response from other stakeholders Number of cattle died estimated about 300,000 (zonal DPPA) even if there are some contradictions in number The number of destocked livestock is less than 1,000 (less than 1%) 6
  • 7. BENEFITS OF COMMERCIAL DESTOCKING BASED ONTHE GROUP DISCUSSION OF BENEFICIARIESEnhanced the drought risk reduction through :1. Cash transfer to the drought affected community: Was used to purchase food to sustain the food shortage of the family during drought The cash was used to protect the remaining stock specially the breeding stock enhanced quick recovery from the drought2. Efficient utilization of critical resources during drought Rescued animals by selling them before the drought affected them more It strengthen the effectiveness of other livestock interventions (Vet. Service, water and feed supplementation) 7
  • 8. ACTORS IN COMMERCIAL DESTOCKING(1) Government at different level involved in destocking through linking drought affected community with traders and facilitating loan for private trades to participate in CD. (Creating link between producers and suppliers)Activities Awareness creation, mobilizing, providing loan (incentive) or play facilitation and advocacy role Trades selection and sending (the zone facilitate the implementations) 8
  • 9. ACTORS IN COMMERCIAL DESTOCKING(2) NGOs act in Commercial Destocking through different programs or projects to stimulate commercial destocking by mainly availing loans to the private traders or funds to marketing or multipurpose cooperatives, (in 2011 in Borena CARE & Save the children US)(3) The Private sector: Involved in buying the livestock in commercial destocking(4) The Pastoralist community and their institutions has to work with government, NGOs, cooperative and private sector supplying livestock for destocking 9
  • 10. CHALLENGES AND ISSUES The demand for export at the time of the destocking determines the interest of traders to buy animals from pastoral areas. The price control of government which was implemented last year has contributed to reduction in commercial destocking in 2011 Commercial destocking requires a strong livestock marketing system Lack of livestock holding grounds for cooperatives as well as prior to the onset of drought affects the effectiveness of commercial destocking 10
  • 11. CHALLENGES AND ISSUES Poor infrastructure in pastoral areas limits the commercial destocking to nearby communities Delay in the destocking initiatives which happened late in the drought (delay in the funds) Long process in securing contingency(risk funds) Less amount of fund allocated for commercial destocking The mismatch of the traders and the pastoralists interest (looking for better animal vs. selling of weaker animal ) The price is not attractive for the community Lack of knowledge about the guidelines on commercial 11 destocking
  • 12. CHALLENGES AND ISSUES The commercial destocking is not well recorded, it is performed here and there The traders who are selected for commercial destocking usually never show up- lack of follow up of traders from the government side Commercial destocking at this stage involves multi- actors with weak linkage causing implementation difficult (complicate) The increasing price of feed supplement Weak linkage among the actors (Gov’t, NGO, customary institutions, traders…etc) 12
  • 13. CHALLENGES AND ISSUES The awareness is weak among the community Less in scale of operation as compared to the level of the problem Corruption in cooperatives and other actors Limited government budget for coordinating the activity The focus of most actors this year was on livestock feed supplementation and food support to the people it is few NGOs which participate in commercial destocking 13
  • 14. RECOMMENDATIONS It requires careful planning and quick action, strong linkage, trust and commitment among the actors There are opportunities to improve linkages between pastoralists and livestock traders during normal periods and during drought. A strong, pre-existing livestock export trade drive commercial destocking Commercial destocking should be integrated with the normal live stock marketing not with drought time only 14
  • 15. RECOMMENDATIONS Adequate contingency fund should be allocated Early warning information has to be effectively utilized and reach the community in organized manner Linkage between cooperatives ( high land and lowland) The commercial destocking planning should be based on the early warning information and assessments Enhancing the bargaining power of the pastoralists Feed processing plants in Borena zone (feed price reduces) this facilitate commercial destocking 15
  • 16. RECOMMENDATIONS Training ,capacity building, enhancing linkages among the actors, strong marketing information system, Establishing institutional mechanism and create capacity to lead and coordinate commercial destocking such as strengthening linkage (the network), capacity building coordinating and reporting Responses should match the scale of the problem There is a need to look for livestock skin and meat processing in Borena 16
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