DefinitionA government that controls everyaspect of its citizen’s lives. Anauthoritarian government led by astrong dictator that exercisescomplete authority over the nation.Street talk- a government that isoppressive, gives people no rights,uses fear to to intimidate its peopleand watches their every move.
Totalitarianism• There is usually an ofﬁcial ideology that everyone is forced to follow.• Consists of: Secret Police, Propaganda, Brainwashing, Terror and eliminating independence.
DictatorHe is not usually elected bypopular vote.He make all decisions for thecountry.He represents the ideology of thecountry.Like a king but no hereditary andhis rule is based on his ideology.
Fascism• Belief in the constant competition of races and nations, where the strong will survive and the weak will be dominated by the strong.• One party rule. Forbid any opposition to the government.• Economy is collectively operative by owners, workers, and the government.• Example: Italy and Spain
Nazism• German form of Fascism.• Belief in the superiority of the Aryan Race.• Strong, centralized government under the Fuhrer- Adolf Hitler.• The Nazis proclaimed to have the people’s will as their top priority.• Nazism involved nationalism, a strong sense of militarism, and a desire to expand.
Communism• Classless society where everyone is equal- egalitarian.• The workers were the most important part of the nation.• Based on the works of Karl Marx and later Vladimir Lenin.• The government plans the economy and redistributes property/resources based on need.
Francisco Franco• Spanish Civil War- fought between the Nationalists (Fascist) and the Republicans.• Germany and Italy helped Fascist and many Americans helped the nationalists.• Franco bombed Guernica (city) left it in ashes to end the war.• Franco ruled as a Fascist Dictator until his death in 1975.• One party rule- Falange.• Eliminated and imprisoned all opposition to his authority.• Believed in modernization of the economy.