Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: British Hawker Hurricane, with P-38 Lightning and B-29 Enola Gay behind it


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: British Hawker Hurricane, with P-38 Lightning and B-29 Enola Gay behind it

  1. 1. Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: British Hawker Hurricane,with P-38 Lightning and B-29 Enola Gay behind it Quoting Smithsonian National Air and SpaceMuseum | Hawker Hurricane Mk. IIC:Hawker Chief Designer Sydney Camm’s Hurricane ranks with the most important aircraftdesigns in military aviation history. Designed in the late 1930s, when monoplanes wereconsidered unstable and too radical to be successful, the Hurricane was the first Britishmonoplane fighter and the first British fighter to exceed 483 kilometers (300 miles) per hour inlevel flight. Hurricane pilots fought the Luftwaffe and helped win the Battle of Britain in thesummer of 1940.This Mark IIC was built at the Langley factory, near what is now Heathrow Airport, early in 1944.It served as a training aircraft during the World War II in the Royal Air Force’s 41 OTU.Donated by the Royal Air Force MuseumManufacturer:Hawker Aircraft Ltd.Date:1944Country of Origin:United KingdomDimensions:Wingspan: 12.2 m (40 ft)Length: 9.8 m (32 ft 3 in)Height: 4 m (13 ft)Weight, empty: 2,624 kg (5,785 lb)Weight, gross: 3,951 kg (8,710 lb) 1/4
  2. 2. Top speed:538 km/h (334 mph)Engine:Rolls-Royce Merlin XX, liquid-cooled in-line V, 1,300 hpArmament:four 20 mm Hispano cannonsOrdnance:two 250-lb or two 500-lb bombs or eight 3-in rocketsMaterials:Fuselage: Steel tube with aircraft spruce forms and fabric, aluminum cowlingWings: Stressed Skin AluminumHorizontal Stablizer: Stress Skin aluminumRudder: fabric covered aluminumControl Surfaces: fabric covered aluminumPhysical Description:Hawker Hurricane Mk. IIC single seat, low wing monoplane ground attack fighter; enclosedcockpit; steel tube fuselage with aircraft spruce forms and fabric, aluminum cowling, stressedskin aluminum wings and horizontal stablizer, fabric covered aluminum rudder and controlsurfaces; grey green camoflage top surface paint scheme with dove grey underside; red andblue national roundel on upper wing surface and red, white, and blue roundel lower wingsurface; red, white, blue, and yellow roundel fuselage sides; red, white and blue tail flash;Rolls-Royce Merlin XX, liquid cooled V-12, 1,280 horsepower engine; Armament, 4: 20mmHispano cannons.•••••Quoting Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum | Boeing B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay":Boeing’s B-29 Superfortress was the most sophisticated propeller-driven bomber of World WarII and the first bomber to house its crew in pressurized compartments. Although designed tofight in the European theater, the B-29 found its niche on the other side of the globe. In thePacific, B-29s delivered a variety of aerial weapons: conventional bombs, incendiary bombs,mines, and two nuclear weapons.On August 6, 1945, this Martin-built B-29-45-MO dropped the first atomic weapon used incombat on Hiroshima, Japan. Three days later, Bockscar (on display at the U.S. Air ForceMuseum near Dayton, Ohio) dropped a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan. Enola Gayflew as the advance weather reconnaissance aircraft that day. A third B-29, The Great Artiste,flew as an observation aircraft on both missions.Transferred from the United States Air Force.Manufacturer:Boeing Aircraft Co.Martin Co., Omaha, Nebr.Date:1945 2/4
  3. 3. Country of Origin:United States of AmericaDimensions:Overall: 900 x 3020cm, 32580kg, 4300cm (29ft 6 5/16in. x 99ft 1in., 71825.9lb., 141ft 15/16in.)Materials:Polished overall aluminum finishPhysical Description:Four-engine heavy bomber with semi-monoqoque fuselage and high-aspect ratio wings.Polished aluminum finish overall, standard late-World War II Army Air Forces insignia on wingsand aft fuselage and serial number on vertical fin; 509th Composite Group markings painted inblack; "Enola Gay" in black, block letters on lower left nose.•••••Quoting Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum | Lockheed P-38J-10-LO Lightning:In the P-38 Lockheed engineer Clarence "Kelly" Johnson and his team of designers created oneof the most successful twin-engine fighters ever flown by any nation. From 1942 to 1945, U. S.Army Air Forces pilots flew P-38s over Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Pacific, and from thefrozen Aleutian Islands to the sun-baked deserts of North Africa. Lightning pilots in the Pacifictheater downed more Japanese aircraft than pilots flying any other Allied warplane.Maj. Richard I. Bong, America’s leading fighter ace, flew this P-38J-10-LO on April 16, 1945, atWright Field, Ohio, to evaluate an experimental method of interconnecting the movement of thethrottle and propeller control levers. However, his right engine exploded in flight before he couldconduct the experiment.Transferred from the United States Air Force.Manufacturer:Lockheed Aircraft CompanyDate:1943Country of Origin:United States of AmericaDimensions:Overall: 390 x 1170cm, 6345kg, 1580cm (12ft 9 9/16in. x 38ft 4 5/8in., 13988.2lb., 51ft 101/16in.)Materials: 3/4
  4. 4. All-metal Physical Description: Twin-tail boom and twin-engine fighter; tricycle landing gear. Blog this! Bookmark on Delicious Digg this post Recommend on Facebook Share on FriendFeed Buzz it up Share on Linkedin Share via MySpace Share on Orkut Share on Posterous share via Reddit Share with Stumblers Share on technorati Tumblr it Tweet about it Buzz it up Subscribe to the comments on this post 4/4Powered by TCPDF (