I am applying to Argosy University, Washington D.C. Doctorate of Psychology in Clinical Psychology program.
Ultimately I want to work as a mental health provider for the Department of the Army, assisting soldiers through the daily
rigors of military life. By investigating this field as well as through my own professional experience in the Army, I have
found a doctorate in psychology is the most effective way to accomplish my goal. Currently, I am in the last semester of
my Bachelor’s degree in Psychology at Argosy University, Washington D.C. and will complete all requirements to
graduate on November 6, 2010.
While on active duty in the Army I worked my way through an associates degree, deployments to Bosnia and
Kosovo did not discourage me from taking classes and I finished my degree in 2003. I had to take a three year break
while I was stationed in Germany because of the mission I was performing, but I got back to work when I returned to the
United States. After completing my associates degree I chose to go into the helping profession. The wars in
Afghanistan and Iraq moved soldiers back and forth, the toll it took urged me to start working towards a bachelor’s
degree in social work. I found the difference between social work and history classes to be uplifting. Psychology is a
type of marriage between the two subjects, giving me the openness of social work and the structure of history that I
needed to excel. I worked hard for my education, even while in Iraq I was enrolled in classes. I have attended
multiple colleges to accommodate the Army’s plan and my desire to receive an education, but have found Argosy
University, Washington D.C. to be an environment where I thrive.
Personal Statement Cont.
While preparing for the first semester I discovered that I could not attend the program and work full time because
of scheduling conflicts. Not being around military communities and the inability to attend school forced me to make a
change, so I moved to Virginia.
Several Psychologists and Social Workers in my Army reserve unit suggested that I look at different Psychology
degrees because of my training in the mental health field with the Army. I found Argosy, which has a strong history and
research-practitioner based instructors that work in the field. After attending a few classes I realized that not only is
psychology the field I want to be in, but Argosy University, Washington D.C. is where I want to be. The courses are
challenging yet exciting and motivates me to learn more. The small classes allow for stimulating questions and concrete
answers with real life experiences. I have found that an actual scenario is the best way for me to completely understand a
concept. The instructors are knowledgeable in current psychological issues and willing to share these topics with
students. The instructors want to teach as much as I want to learn. The PsyD program at Argosy University would
provide a comfortable learning environment and a rigorous curriculum. A doctorate in psychology will also allow me to
work with soldiers. I am determined to complete my education and will work hard while representing Argosy
University. My field experience in mental health from my Army training will be an asset in the classroom by
providing a different prospective. I hope to deploy as a mental health technician with my reserve unit someday and
with an education from Argosy University I am better equipped to do so.
8536 Charnwood Ct. Manassas, VA 20111
SKILLS Successful leader, equally effective as member of a team.
Highly organized able to multi-task and accomplish objectives.
Professional demeanor and attention to detail.
EXPERIENCE/TRAINING ARMY RESERVES - Mental Health Team Leader 12/2005 - Current
Work in and out patience facilities;
Conduct intake interviews;
Facilitate group therapy sessions and group classes;
Coordinate, prepare, and present annual training to command groups;
Create treatment plans under licensed professional oversight;
Teach training classes to over 40 personnel
COVENANT INSURANCE GROUP-Client Services 04/2006 - 09/2009
Customer Service Representative;
Compile multiple quotes from insurance agencies for client presentation;
Analyze information and produce reports for Medicare and monthly finance reports;
COBRA administrator, Wyoming insurance producer license
ARMY - Administrative and Training Clerk 04/1994 - 12/2005
Create and maintain personnel and training database and records;
Produced monthly reports and processed personnel requests;
Organize training events with outside agencies;
Deployed to Bosnia (1996), Kosovo (2000), Iraq (2004);
E-5 rating with 11 years as supervisor with an honorable discharge from active duty
VOLUNTEER SERVICE VETERANS OF FOREIGN WARS QUARTERMASTER
Voted by members of VFW;
Recorded and maintained all meeting minutes, monthly financial reports, and quarterly
Maintain all documents verifying membership eligibility
Washington D. C. Veterans Affairs Hospital, Trauma clinic – 96 hours;
American Red Cross – 20 hours
Commendable ratings on 4 Inspector General inspections;
Awarded 3 Army Achievement medals for 12 months without any late reports;
Secret Security Clearance
EDUCATION AND TRAINING ARGOSY UNIVERSITY CAMPBELL UNIVERSITY
Washington D.C. Buies Creek, NC
BA Psychology, AA in Government / History,
GPA 3.91/4.0, 11/2010 GPA 3.65/4.0. 05/2003
UNITED STATES ARMY TRAINING:
Combat Life Saver Course / CPR, 2009;
Certificate of Training: Mental Health Specialist, 2007;
Army Substance Abuse training, 2003;
Primary Leadership Development Course-leadership training, 1999;
Certificate of Training: Administrative Specialist, 1994
COMPUTER SKILLS Microsoft Office – Word, Excel, Access, Power Point, Outlook;
multi-lined phone system; fax, copy, scanner; type 40 words per minute
While attending Argosy I have learned a
lot about where I come from and the
influences I have had on my life and how I
view the world. Having the opportunity to create
my own research project made me think more critically
about articles that I read and the validity of the information.
I have learned so many different psychological concepts
that apply to everyday life and want to delve deeper into the
theories behind them. While I have had many occasions to write papers
in APA style and increase my professional writing style, I have
not had the opportunity to improve presentation skills. Learning
about different cultures and the ethical guidelines of the APA and
ACA have been the largest gain of
Table of Contents
Cognitive Abilities: Critical Thinking and Information Literacy –
Vicarious traumatization and Army mental health workers
Research Skills - Vicarious traumatization and Army mental
Communication Skills: Oral and Written – Internship at Trauma
Ethics & Diversity Awareness-Counseling Competencies
Foundations of Psychology – 12 Angry Men
Applied Psychology – 12 Angry Men
Interpersonal Effectiveness – Counseling Competencies
Critical Thinking and Research Skills
Running head: VICARIOUS TRAUMATIZATION 1
A Study of Vicarious Traumatization and Army Mental Health Providers Deployed
Argosy University, Washington D.C.
The effects of combat therapy on US Army mental health therapist (combat
therapists) in a deployed location assigned to a prevention team or restoration
clinic were examined. Combat therapists from four combat stress control units,
totaling 200 soldiers, were given questionnaires before, during, and after
deployments to assess the VT symptoms levels and changes throughout their
deployment. There was an increase in symptoms throughout the deployment with
stronger ratings among prevention team members, combat therapists with trauma
history, prior deployments, and civilian trauma therapy jobs. This study
recommends further investigation into the effects of combat therapy and to design
a program for combat therapists, while deployed, to lessen these effects.
Creamer, T. L., & Liddle, B. J. (2005). Secondary traumatic stress among disaster mental health workers responding to the
September 11 attacks. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 18(1), 89-96.
Combat exposure scale (CES) - National Center for PTSD Retrieved 7/27/2010, 2010, from
Derogatis, L. R. (1975). Symptom checklist-90-revised. Retrieved 7/27/2010, from
Hoge, C. W. (2004). Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care New England Journal of
Medicine, 351(1), 13 - 22. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa040603
Hung, B. (2008). Behavioral health activity and workload in the Iraq theater of operations. U.S.Army Medical Department Journal,
Jenkins, S. R., & Baird, S. (2002). Secondary traumatic stress and vicarious trauma: A validational study. Journal of Traumatic
Stress, 15(5), 423.
Impact of events scale - revised (IES-R) - National Center for PTSD Retrieved 7/30/2010, 2010, from
Life events checklist (LEC) - National Center for PTSD Retrieved 7/27/2010, 2010, from
McCann, I. L., & Pearlman, L. A. (1990). Vicarious traumatization: A framework for understanding the psychological effects of
working with victims. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 3(1), 131-149. doi:10.1007/BF00975140
Pearlman, L. A. (2003). Trauma and attachment belief scale. Retrieved 7/27/2010, from
Pearlman, L. A., & Mac Ian, P. S. (1995). Vicarious traumatization: An empirical study of the effects of trauma work on trauma
therapists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 26(6), 558-565. doi:10.1037/0735-7028.26.6.558
Perceived threat scale - National Center for PTSD Retrieved 7/27/2010, 2010, from
Prior stressors scale - National Center for PTSD Retrieved 7/27/2010, 2010, from
PTSD checklist (PCL) - National Center for PTSD Retrieved 7/27/2010, 2010, from
Running head: INTERNSHIP 1
Internship at the Washington D. C. Veterans Affairs Hospital, Trauma Services
Argosy University, Washington, DC
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can arise from a traumatic event.
Military personnel, while in combat, experience life threatening situations
everyday. When these situations happen the body reacts in physiological
ways called the fight or flight response. Adrenalin is released into your blood
stream, respiratory rate increases, blood flows to the extremities to provide
more energy, pupils dilate, awareness intensifies, sight sharpens, impulses
quicken, and the perception of pain diminishes. All of these reactions prepare
the soldiers to act on possible threats. When the fight or flight response does
not turn off it has the potential to cause permanent damage to the body. This
short video will demonstrate how easily the fight or flight response can occur
for a soldier. Try to put yourself in the situation that the soldiers are in and
discover how your body reacts to the situations.
Stress: Constant stress puts your health at risk - MayoClinic.com Retrieved 10/21/2010,from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/stress/SR00001
Internship Start Up
What population to work with and why
Have interest in military population and can connect on
What goals to accomplish while at internship site
Learn counseling skills & issues that effect military
VA Hospital, Washington D.C
Attended volunteer orientation
Selected to work with Psychiatrist in Trauma unit
Briefed by department supervisor
Scheduled two days a week, six hours a day
Shows the client you understand what they are saying by telling
them what you just heard
Saying what the client said in your words so they know you
Reflection of feelings
Let the client know you can tell how he or her feels
by their statement
Not just hearing,
what is being said
Importance of supervision
Ability to ask questions and alternate views
Get feedback on work performing
Who was supervisor
Dr. Mehta – Psychiatrist
Mrs. Burton – Licensed Clinical Social Worker
How often met with supervision
Worked daily with Dr. Mehta
Met least 3 times a week with Mrs. Burton
Regular schedule exercise can reduce stress
Using a journal
Work through information heard and maintain
confidentiality of client
Talking to professional
Discuss how client issues effect you
Benefits of internship as undergrad student
Learn skills taught in class
See how skills are applied in real life situations
Issues of internship as undergrad student
No hands on experience
Limited to only one disciple in the Trauma Services unit
Baird, B.N. (2005). The internship, practicum, and field placement handbook: A guide for the helping professionals. Upper Saddle
River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Brady, J., Guy, J., Poelstra, P., and Brokaw, B. (1999). Vicarious traumatization, spirituality, and the treatment of sexual abuse
survivors. A national survey of women psychotherapists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 30(4), 386
Exercise: Rev up your routine to reduce stress - MayoClinic.com Retrieved 2/19/2010 from
Knight, C. (1996). A study of MSW and BSW students’ perceptions of their field instructors. Journal of Social Work Education and
Supervision, 32, 399-414.
Pearlman, L., and MacIan, P. (1995).Vicarious traumatization: An empirical study of the effects
of trauma work on trauma therapist. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 26(6), 558-565.
Ethical & Diversity Awareness
Running head: COUNSELING COMPETENCIES 1
Counseling Competencies Assessment: Personal Assessment
Argosy University, Washington D.C.
• Aware of different cultures and respect those
• Aware of own cultural influences, values, biases.
Comfortable with differences
• Respect other’s religious/spiritual beliefs and
values, and aware how they affect worldviews
• Value bilingualism do not view as an impediment
• Aware of institutional barriers for minorities
• Social impact on others
• Unaware how race, culture, or ethnicity affect
vocational choices, psychological disorders
• Unaware of immigration issues that leave major
scars that can influence the counseling process
• Not familiar with latest findings about mental
disorders of various ethnic and racial groups
• Unaware of potential bias in assessment
• Not familiar with community resources
Need More Work
• Continue learning areas already familiar with by
attending lectures, conferences, or classes
• Volunteer at locations that service minorities to
gain knowledge of my social impact, vocational
choices, and immigration issues
• Find articles about different psychological
disorders in different ethnic groups
• Take course in psychological assessments to
learn about potential biases
Plan of Action
Argosy University, 2010. Doc sharing: Cultural competency personal assessment, Retrieved April, 20, 2010
Arredondo, P., Toporek, R., Brown, S. P., Sanchez, J., Locke, D. C., Sanchez, J., & Stadler, H. (1996).
Operationalization of the multicultural counseling competencies. Journal of Multicultural Counseling
& Development, 24(1), 42-78.
Welcome - association for multicultural counseling and development Retrieved April 20, 2010 from
Foundations of Psychology
Running head: 12 ANGRY MEN 1
12 Angry Men and the Social-psychological Principles
Argosy University, Washington D.C.
Groupthink is when people in a group agree with the other members so
they do not cause conflict.
The movie 12 Angry Men show how the social psychological principle
of groupthink happens without an outward influence.
The movie starts with the end of a boys trial for murder. The juror
must agree unanimously if the boy is guilty or innocent.
The first vote shows groupthink when six jurors automatically raise
their hands while five slowly raise theirs.
The last five jurors do not want to cause conflict in the group and
agree with the majority.
The last juror does not know and votes not guilty so that the case can
The last juror has a inner conflict between his beliefs, views, and
attitudes. He is unable to vote guilty without discussing all aspects of the
case. He finds it hard to be responsible for a young boy’s without any
discussion. He is able to break away from the group think concept
because of his inner conflict.
The five jurors that were slower to vote guilty are given another chance
to ask questions and be sure of their vote
One juror writes down questions and is asked who side he was on, his
response is that he is not loyal to one or the other. His inner conflict
allows him to break away from group think as well.
Several jurors discover that their own personal views are shadowing
their view of the young boy and can finally break away from group
One by one each juror decides in their own way that there is not
enough evidence to convict a young boy and be responsible for his
Kenrick, D. T., Neuberg, S. L., & Cialdini, R. B. (2007). Social psychology: Goals in interaction. Pearson.
Rose, R. (Writer), & Lumit, S. (Director). (1957). 12 Angry Men [Motion Picture]. United States: MGM Studio.
My Future in Learning
Learning is a lifelong process. My plan to
continue learning is to complete graduate school.
Once I am working in the field I will learn life
lessons from other professionals, clients, mentors,
and even family and friends. You never stop
learning and if you think you know it all there is
always someone who can teach you more.
I plan to listen to those around me and
apply new lessons to my life.
Thank you for viewing my
For further information, please
contact me at the e-mail address