Defining Deviance

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  • 1. DEFINING DEVIANCE DANIELLE DIRKS, PH.D.Tuesday, February 7, 12
  • 2. OUTLINE PERSPECTIVES ON DEVIANCE NON-SOCIOLOGICAL SOCIOLOGICALTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 3. OBJECTIVE HOW DO WE DEFINE WHAT IS “DEVIANT”?Tuesday, February 7, 12
  • 4. EXAMPLES OF DEVIANCE?Tuesday, February 7, 12
  • 5. ABC’S OF DEVIANCE ATTITUDES BEHAVIORS CONDITIONSTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 6. OUTLINE PERSPECTIVES ON DEVIANCE NON-SOCIOLOGICAL SOCIOLOGICALTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 7. PERSPECTIVES ON DEVIANCE THE NOT SO HELPFUL... 1. ABSOLUTIST 2. HARM 3. STATISTICAL 4. CRIMINALTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 8. ABSOLUTIST INTRINSIC TO HUMAN CONDITION OBJECTIVELY UNDERSTOOD WIDESPREAD CONSENSUSTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 9. HARM INJURIOUS DETRIMENTALTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 10. STATISTICAL RARE UNUSUAL UNCOMMONTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 11. CRIMINAL ILLEGAL LAWBREAKINGTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 12. CAN WE DO BETTER?Tuesday, February 7, 12
  • 13. OUTLINE PERSPECTIVES ON DEVIANCE NON-SOCIOLOGICAL SOCIOLOGICALTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 14. SOCIOLOGY OF DEVIANCE NORM MAKING NORM BREAKING REACTIONS TO NORM BREAKINGTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 15. SOCIOLOGICAL DEFINITIONS DEVIANCE IS DETERMINED BY... 1. REACTIVE DEFINITIONS 2. NORMATIVE DEFINITIONSTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 16. REACTIVE DEFINITIONS REACTIONS TO BEHAVIORS / CONDITIONS CONSEQUENCE OF RULES / SANCTIONSTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 17. NORMATIVE DEFINITIONS VIOLATION OF NORMS IMPLIES RELATIVITY COLLECTIVE QUALITYTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 18. SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES THE MORE HELPFUL... 1. RELATIVIST 2. FUNCTIONALIST 3. SOCIAL POWERTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 19. RELATIVIST PERSPECTIVES DEVIANCE IS DETERMINED BY... 1. SOCIAL NORMS 2. CUSTOMS 3. RULESTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 20. DEVIANCE IS SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTEDTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 21. SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION WE CREATE--OR CONSTRUCT--MEANING SUBJECTIVE APPROACH TO REALITYTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 22. FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVES CLOSEST TO ABSOLUTIST MORAL ORDER NECESSARY DEVIANCE SERVES PURPOSETuesday, February 7, 12
  • 23. FOUR FUNCTIONS OF DEVIANCE 1. SOCIAL COHESION 2. SOCIAL BOUNDARIES 3. MORAL PASSAGE 4. INSTITUTIONAL THREATTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 24. DEVIANCE IS NECESSARY FOR SOCIAL ORDERTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 25. SOCIAL POWER PERSPECTIVES POWERFUL MAKE RULES / LAWS DOMINANT DEFINE DEVIANCE GENDER, CLASS, RACE, ETHNICITY KEYTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 26. DEVIANCE IS RESULT OF UNEQUAL POWERTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 27. CONCLUSION SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACHES FOCUS ON COLLECTIVE MEANINGS, NORMS AND RULES SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIONISM INFLUENCES NEARLY ALL SOCIOLOGICAL DEVIANCE APPROACHESTuesday, February 7, 12
  • 28. THANK YOU DANIELLE DIRKS, PH.D. ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF SOCIOLOGY OCCIDENTAL COLLEGE DIRKS@OXY.EDU / @DANIELLEDIRKS DANIELLEDIRKS.COMTuesday, February 7, 12