Spend time looking at ONLINE GIS, GOOGLE MAPS then DW.Day 1 is mirror of the GTAQ road-trip that was offered earlier in the year to some regional centres (abb.)
Before we begin we need to understand spatial thinking. Not as researched as literacy and numeracy is the concept of spatial literacy: where we are in space and how things relate to other things in space.
City = Los AnglesSpatial thinking relates to how our cities form (where land is used), how our transport routes are planned, where you might live (socio-economic status, proximity to services etc), how govts provide us with services (where to locate certain services)RuralSpatial thinking helps us to understand and manage our natural environments. Where humans and the natural world coexist, where the river is healthy/unhealthy, how we use the water resources from the river, where they are used, how we manage the river and our impacts on it etc.
With that out of the way, what, then, are Spatial Technologies?You may have heard of these before – GIS, GPS, satellite remote sensing.
In-car GPSGPS in your mobile phoneStandard hand-held GPS receivers – used by most schoolsIn-camera GPS – tags your images with their locations for sites like flickr to automatically georeference
GPS or GNSS?Either way, a network of satellites around the earth that, when triangulated with your receiver, locate your exact position on the planet.
Geocaching?A fun game/hobby where you register, upload nearby lat/long locations and then find geocaches hidden by other users.
Software that allows you to view layers of information and see relationships between layers.
Advanced analysis can be conducted using the software.Originally used for natural resource management in Canada, now used by almost every industry worldwide.Run through sales/advertising example on the screen.
Remote sensing.For our concerns, remotely sensed data gives us a background image that we can ‘hang’ other data on top of, however, you can conduct quite advanced analysis of this data.Eg In the recent Victorian bushfires, remotely sensed data was used to estimate fuel loads of different areas by measuring water content in vegetation. This data was then combined with current and predicted weather patterns to help determine where firefighters should be active – day-to-day.
So why use Spatial Technologies in your classroom?Firstly, these technologies help us to better understand our world and more and more research is supporting this. Also GIS and other Spatial Technologies can help your students’ understanding of Geography. See John Kinniburgh’s work in the most recent Australian Geographer journal as an example. Critical thinking, problem solving.Teamwork and collaboration.Train the trainer.Relevance.
Spatial Technologies allow us to better understand the places in which we live. Spatial Technologies form the backbone of modern town planning and better help us manage the interactions between urban, rural and natural areas.
Other sectors of society are using these technologies: police, economists, marketers, demographers, local councils, state and federal government service providers etc.By exposing your students to these technologies you are giving them exposure to skills that can be used across a wide range of industries. These IT and thinking skills will be useful.
Spatial Technologies give you and your department opportunities to refresh the geography that you offer your students. You can engage them with new technologies and increase the relevance of your field studies. Local work.
Engagement with students as they actively address local issues – relevance.
GIS ZoneMakes accessing specific datasets easierCouncils, govt depts, etc all putting data onlineEver expanding
RegisterWhere to get info AEF video onlineDemo NavigationDemo how to create VFTInsert imageInsert hyperlinks
Demo NavigationDemo time-scale dataDemo how to create kmlDemo how to create kmz and save all into VFT
Intro to softwareAdding dataNavigationImporting aerial imagesCreating layersBuffers
Introduction to spatial tech mac feb 2012
SpatialTechnologies:Starting from ScratchCatholic Education, Brisbane South February 2012
GIS allows us to view layers of information as well as information that is embedded in each layerGIS
Where along our waterway are nitrates and phosphates concentrated? How many blocks of land will be affected by a 2m flash flood? Where can weeds be found around the school? What areas of the city experience higher levels of CO2?Questions
Data for GISData for a GIS comes in three basic forms: Image data—using images to build maps Image data includes satellite images, aerial photographs. Also known as Raster data. Spatial data—what maps are made of Points, lines and areas (polygons). Spatial data provides the location in space, the geometry and information for map features such as nations, streets, or catchment testing sites. Tabular data—adding information to maps Tabular data is information describing a map feature. For example, a map of Australia’s rivers (displayed as lines) may be linked to data on the volume of each river.
• Critical thinking • Problem-solving skills • Field skills in biology, junior science, env science, geography etc. • Teamwork and collaboration • Train-the-trainer • RelevanceWhy Use GIS in Class?
Identified skills shortages here and in US Expansion of location-enabled technologies Less ‘experts’ and more ‘users’Relevant Workplace Skills
Geography SOSE Biology Junior Science Environmental Education Maths History Economics ArtWhere is it Used?
Active Entire class engages with GIS using either local, regional or global data with a computer Static Teacher uses GIS to demonstrate/illustrate geographic concepts to/with class Support GIS used to develop resources for assessment, field booklets or classroom resourcesHow is GIS Used?