Universal Design for Learning: An Introduction


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Universal Design for Learning: An Introduction

  1. 1. Universal DesignFor Learning:An Introduction Presented by Danielle Brandt
  2. 2. UDL: A Brief Explanation Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is an approach to teaching that focuses on developing curriculum that gives all students an equal opportunity to learn (CAST, 2011). UDL advocates providing options. Physical Examples of UDL that provided the inspiration for UDL in education:  Architecture  Ramps and elevators vs. Stairs  Buildings should be designed from the beginning, providing alternative ways to successfully navigate a building.  Television captions (Laureate, 2011)
  3. 3. UDL Principals In order to help you better teach all students in your classroom, UDL has identified 3 basic principals to guide curriculum planning.1. Multiple Means of Representation2. Multiple Means of Action/Expression3. Multiple Means of Engagement (CAST, 2011)
  4. 4. Principal 1:Multiple Means of Representation Informationshould be presented to students in multiple formats:  Visually  Auditorily  Kinesthetically This gives ALL students a chance to learn how they learn best. Teachers should provide students with the necessary scaffolds to help ensure learning:  Background knowledge  Strategies to interpret new information  Etc. VARIETY (CAST, 2011)
  5. 5. Principal 2:Multiple Means of Action/Expression Students should be allowed to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding in a number of different ways. Instead of teachers dictating exactly how students will demonstrate learning (i.e. tests), they will instead give students a variety of options from which they can choose. (CAST, 2011)
  6. 6. Principal 3:Multiple Means of Engagement Everystudent should be engaged in classroom lessons Teachersmust work to ensure they are providing a variety of engagement opportunities for students:  Group work  Whole-group discussion/collaboration  Hands on activities  Instructional games  Independent work  Etc. (CAST, 2011)
  7. 7. UDL & Technology  Technology can be used to enhance all three UDL principals by providing variety and differentiation.Technology Presentation Representation EngagementPresentation Software X X XOnline Games XAudio books/texts X XSocial Networking websites X X XOnline Multimedia X X XSMARTboards X X X
  8. 8. Impact on Student Learning When students are given opportunities to learn in fashions that personally resonate with their learning styles and strengths, they are going to be more successful. Belowis a video demonstrating one teacher’s idea on how to use UDL in her own classroom:http://udlspotlight.wordpress.com/2009/0 9/15/going-global-with-digiteen-and-udl/
  9. 9. UDL & The Brain • Different students learn best with different networks of their brain. Some students do much better utilizing one area of their brain than the other. The UDL framework encourages teaching to all three different strengths. Affective Recognition Strategic Networks Networks The "what" of learning Networks The "why" of learning The "how" of learning Planning and performing tasks. How learners get engaged and stayHow we gather facts and categorize what we How we organize and express our motivated. How they are challenged,see, hear, and read. Identifying letters, ideas. Writing an essay or solving a excited, or interested. These are affectivewords, or an authors style are recognition tasks. math problem are strategic tasks. dimensions. CAST, 2011
  10. 10. UDL & Diversity The backbone of UDL is providing ALL students a better opportunity to learn. This philosophy naturally advocates for embracing diversity in the classroom, as each student is honored as an individual and provided with an engaging , differentiated education.
  11. 11. UDL Resources As a teacher, there are many resources available for you as you work to incorporate the UDL philosophy into your teaching. The CAST website(www.cast.org) provides multiple resources for your benefit, including the following:  UDL Goal Setter – http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/tools/udlgoalsettertool.cfm  UDL Strategy Tutor – http://cst.cast.org/cst/auth-login  UDL Lesson Builder – http://lessonbuilder.cast.org/
  12. 12. References:CAST, Inc. (2011). Teaching every student, tools and activities. Retrieved from www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/tools/Laureate Education, Inc (Executive Producer). (2009). Universal Design for Learning [webcast]. Reaching and engaging all learners through technology. Baltimore, MD: Author