U.S. Healthcare


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A project me and some friends had to do for Social Justice class. We did ours on the state of Healthcare in the U.S.

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U.S. Healthcare

  1. 1. Healthcare in the U.S.A<br />A Presentation on the State of Available Healthcare inthe U.S.<br />
  2. 2. Alvin Ciby, Daniel Ho, and Scott Sutherland<br />Presented By:<br />
  3. 3. WHAT IS HEALTHCARE?<br />
  4. 4. What Is Healthcare?<br />“Health care includes, but is not limited to preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic, rehabilitative, maintenance, mental health or palliative care and sale or dispensing of a drug, device, equipment or other item in accordance with a prescription.” <br />www.dpw.state.pa.us/General/HIPPAPrivacy/003670787.htm<br />
  5. 5. What Is Healthcare?<br />Care Giver: Healthcare professional who helps in identifying or preventing or treating illness or disability<br />Care Taker: a patient; can be insured or uninsured.<br />(http://www.nainil.com/research) <br />
  6. 6. What Is Healthcare?<br />Health Insurance: “A contractual relationship whereby an insurance company (the insurer) agrees to reimburse the insured for health care costs in exchange for a premium. The contract (policy) generally stipulates the type of healthcare benefits covered as well as costs to be reimbursed.” <br />(http://www.valleyhealth.biz/glossary.html)<br />
  8. 8. Cost Of Healthcare<br />In 2008, health care spending in the United States reached $2.4 trillion, and was projected to reach $3.1 trillion in 2012. Health care spending is projected to reach $4.3 trillion by 2016.<br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  9. 9. Cost Of Healthcare<br />
  10. 10. Cost Of Healthcare<br />- Health care spending is 4.3 times the amount spent on national defense.<br />- In 2008, the United States will spend 17 percent of its gross domestic product (GDP) on health care. It is projected that the percentage will reach 20 percent by 2017.<br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  11. 11. Cost Of Healthcare<br />Although nearly 46 million Americans are uninsured, the United States spends more on health care than other industrialized nations, and those countries provide health insurance to all their citizens.<br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  12. 12. Cost Of Healthcare<br />Health care spending accounted for 10.9 percent of the GDP in Switzerland, 10.7 percent in Germany, 9.7 percent in Canada and 9.5 percent in France, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.<br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  14. 14. Impact of Health Care costs<br />The United States spends six times more per capita on the administration of the health care system than its peer Western European nations.<br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  15. 15. Impact of Health Care costs<br />National surveys show that the primary reason people are uninsured is the high cost of health insurance coverage. Economists have found that rising health care costs correlate to drops in health insurance coverage. <br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  16. 16. Impact of Health Care costs<br />A study by Harvard researchers found that average out-of-pocket medical debt for the bankrupt was $12,000 and that 68 percent of them had health insurance.<br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  17. 17. Impact of Health Care costs<br />In addition, the study found that 50 percent of all bankruptcy filings were partly the result of medical expenses. Every 30 seconds in the United States someone files for bankruptcy in the aftermath of a serious health problem.<br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  18. 18. Impact of Health Care costs<br />A survey in Iowa found that in order to cope with rising health insurance costs, 86 percent said they had cut back on how much they could save, and 44 percent said that they have cut back on food and heating expenses.12<br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  19. 19. Impact of Health Care costs<br />Retiring elderly couples will need $250,000 in savings just to pay for the most basic medical coverage.13 Many experts believe that this figure is conservative and that $300,000 may be a more realistic number.<br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  20. 20. Impact of Health Care costs<br />According to a recent report, the United States has $480 billion in excess spending each year in comparison to Western European nations that have universal health insurance coverage. The costs are mainly associated with excess administrative costs.14<br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  21. 21. Universal Availability of Healthcare<br />http://www.danhimes.com/images/feb_health_care.jpg<br />
  22. 22. Impact of Health Care costs<br />A new survey shows that more than 25 percent said that housing problems resulted from medical debt, including the inability to make rent or mortgage payments and the development of bad credit ratings.10<br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  23. 23. Impact of Health Care costs<br />About 1.5 million families lose their homes to foreclosure every year due to unaffordable medical costs. <br />http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml<br />
  25. 25. The Healthcare Crisis<br />Even in the United States, nearly half of all employers today choose not to offer health insurance to their employees. The result is that about 80 percent of the 40 million Americans who lack health insurance are workers or their dependents.<br />http://cthealth.server101.com/health_care_for_all_-_a_conservative_case.htm<br />
  26. 26. The Healthcare Crisis<br />An analysis by New England Journal of Medicine in 1990 indicated that 24.1 percent ($237 billion) of what employers and citizens pay goes to the complex administrative structures of the voluntary American system rather than to clinical services.<br />http://cthealth.server101.com/health_care_for_all_-_a_conservative_case.htm<br />
  27. 27. U.S. HEALTHCARE<br />
  28. 28. U.S. HEALTHCARE<br />Healthcare entitlement programs, primarily Medicare and Medicaid, account for 20.1% of the federal spending budget in 2008 and are sixteen percent of our GDP. As a comparision, social security is 20.8% and defense discretionary is 20.5%.<br />(http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2009/pdf/09msr.pdf)<br />
  29. 29. U.S. HEALTHCARE<br />In 2004, US President George W. Bush launched an initiative to make electronic medical records available to most Americans within the next 10 years (by 2014). <br />(http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2009/pdf/09msr.pdf)<br />
  30. 30. http://www.ahipbelieves.com/images/health_care_costs.jpg<br />
  31. 31. U.S. HEALTHCARE<br />“An Electronic Health Record (EHR) is a medical record or any other information relating to the past, present or future physical and mental health, or condition of a patient which resides in computers storing data for the primary purpose of providing health care and health-related services.” <br />(http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2009/pdf/09msr.pdf)<br />
  32. 32. THE BENEFITS OF EHR<br />
  33. 33. THE BENEFITS OF EHR<br />“Every year 98,000 patients die due to preventable medical errors in the business process of care. That’s equivalent to a 747 crashing every day, killing all aboard. If hospitals were airlines, would you fly?”<br />-Dr. John D. Halamka<br />(http://www.nainil.com/research) <br />
  34. 34. THE BENEFITS OF EHR<br />“Every year 98,000 patients die due to preventable medical errors in the business process of care. That’s equivalent to a 747 crashing every day, killing all aboard. If hospitals were airlines, would you fly?”<br />-Dr. John D. Halamka<br />(http://www.nainil.com/research) <br />
  35. 35. (http://www.nainil.com/research)<br />TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE<br />
  36. 36. CATHOLIC CHURCH’S VIEW<br />
  37. 37. The Catholic Church Perspective<br />The architecture of the social justice case in Catholic terms, therefore, affirms a right to health care for all; includes meeting that right as an essential element of the common good.<br />http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1252/is_n9_v120/ai_13869547/pg_2/?tag=content;col1<br />
  38. 38. The Catholic Church Perspective<br />It identifies a mix of public and private actors which have duties to respond to what is right.<br />http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1252/is_n9_v120/ai_13869547/pg_2/?tag=content;col1<br />
  39. 39. The Catholic Church Perspective<br />The church wishes for a system of public and private institutions, as well as institutional protection for specific religiously based policies. Along with protecting social justice and justice as a right-to-life claim, the argument for pluralism is the other major piece of the Catholic case in the health-care debate.<br />http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1252/is_n9_v120/ai_13869547/pg_2/?tag=content;col1<br />
  40. 40. Thank you.<br />