The PoliticalPersonalityDr. Daniel Crosbywww.incblot.org@IncBlot – Twitter
A (Really) Brief History of Leadership TheoryGreat Man Behavioral Relational Transformational
Great ManEarly 1900’sNothing added or takenawayI’m out of a jobDisregards great women
Behavioral Approach1950’sWhat behaviors do great leaders exhibit?No “right” answer across all contexts
Relational Approach1975-presentLeadership is a result of high quality relationships between leaders and followersBased on mutual trust and affinityNecessary but not sufficient
Transformational Approach1985-presentPast leadership approaches have been transactionalReal leaders do things that may not “make sense” for a higherpurpose
The Importance of Fit“Leadership is far betterunderstood as a group processthat hinges on a symbioticrelationship between leaders andfollowers. The best leaders, theysay, are prototypical of theirgroup.” - The Psychology ofLeadership
Openness (Rules)A general appreciation for art,emotion, adventure, unusual ideas,imagination, curiosity, and variety ofexperience.
“O” and Leadership Low Rules High RulesCreative TraditionalAppreciate art, Appreciatenewness, and change functionality and proven successEasily bored – maychange for its own sake May miss opportunities for growth in theirMay fix “what ain’t pursuit of the status quobroke” Practicality can stifleCan be impractical creativity
Openness =ChangeThe President’s 2008campaign was built almostentirely around the idea of“Openness.”
ConscientiousnessThe tendency to show self-discipline,act dutifully, and aim for achievementagainst measures or outsideexpectations.
“C” and LeadershipHigh Conscientiousness Low Conscientiousness Structured Spontaneous Plan my work and Take the day as it work my plan comes Create a “plan of Tackle problems as attack” they emerge Get stressed Give stress Concentrated effort Multitasking
ExtroversionIs characterized by the tendency to seek outstimulation and the company of others.
“E” and LeadershipHigh Extroversion Low ExtroversionSpeak-Speak-Think Think-Think-SpeakMay think out loud May think they havewhich can confuse communicatedothers something they only thoughtSkilled at developingand maintaining far- Tend to valuereaching relationships smaller, closer groups of friendsCan be mistaken forbeing vapid Can be mistaken for being aloof
Agreeableness (ToughMinded)The tendency to be compassionateand cooperative rather thansuspicious and antagonistic towardsothers.
“A” and LeadershipLow Tough Minded High Tough MindedConcerned with social Concerned withharmony directnessTrusting of others’ motives Wary of others’ motivesCan be taken advantageof Can be slow to develop trustTend to look out for thegroup Tend to protect theirMay personalize discussion own interestsMay fail to speak out May step on toes in the interest of being blunt
Neuroticism (Stable)The tendency to experience negativeemotions, such as anger, stress or sadness.
“N” and Leadership Low Stable High StableEasily impacted by Deep emotional rudderstress May be unaware ofOften have deep the emotionalempathy for others components of their decisionsMay let burnout andfatigue impact their Typically impervious towork stressTend to seek out “no Not impacted bydrama” workplaces “drama”
Anger is a Gift? "We will find those who did it. We will smoke them out of their holes. Well get them running, and well bring them to justice." -- Bush "I dont sit around talking to experts because this is a college seminar. We talk to these folks because they potentially have the best answers, so I know whose ass to kick.” - Obama
Common Ground?2009 – Experiment showed that peoplechose different leaders according to thesituation; masculine faces in times of war,feminine faces during peacekeeping,youthful faces during times of transitionThose with higher levels of Neuroticism aremore likely to vote for candidates they seeas tougher on their fearsBoth parties value Conscientiousness mosthighly of all the personality characteristics(although more pronounced amongconservative voters)
Good EnoughMost leaders are…… a little smarter… a little taller… a little heavier… a little wealthierYOU CAN DO IT!