Learning Theories

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A talk about popular learning theories as well as a newcomer Connectivism. Didn't go very well. Too much of the wrong info :(

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Learning Theories

  1. 1. Changing Theories of Learning Dan Craig Seoul National University [email_address]
  2. 4. Talking Points <ul><li>Epistemology </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Theories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Behaviorism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitivism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructivism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connectivism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Instructional Theories </li></ul><ul><li>Implications for Language Instruction </li></ul>
  3. 5. Epistemology <ul><li>What is the nature of knowledge? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it external or internal? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it ethereal or constructed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who owns knowledge? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 6. Epistemology (2) <ul><li>How is knowledge acquired? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do we learn? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What can we know? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it possible to know anything? What the “knowing” mean? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. Learning Theories <ul><li>What are learning theories? </li></ul><ul><li>What are they good for? </li></ul><ul><li>Popular theories of learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Behaviorism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitivism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructivism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connectivism </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Behaviorism <ul><li>How does learning occur? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensory impressions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulus  Response  Consequence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do we know that learning takes place? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Observable change in behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does transfer occur? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar stimuli </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. Cognitivism <ul><li>How does learning occur? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connections are made between old and new information in meaningful interactions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do know that learning takes place? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthesis of information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does transfer occur? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through exposure to similar contexts </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Constructivism <ul><li>How does learning occur? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through interactions between the learner and society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do know that learning takes place? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to perform in a situation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does transfer occur? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through participation in similar situations </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Connectivism <ul><li>How does learning occur? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interaction with and between your network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do know that learning takes place? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to utilize your network to solve a problem. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does transfer occur? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through applying and modifying your network for the new situation </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. Instructional Theories <ul><li>What is an instructional theory? </li></ul><ul><li>Differences between learning and instructional theories </li></ul><ul><li>Influence they have on one another </li></ul>
  11. 14. Instructional Theories (2) <ul><li>How instruction should be designed </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on “getting the job done” </li></ul><ul><li>Strict approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Eclectic approaches </li></ul>
  12. 15. Language Learning Potential <ul><li>Encourage autonomous learning </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure to authentic language </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of community </li></ul>
  13. 16. Language Learning Concerns <ul><li>How much can we off-load? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it culturally feasible? </li></ul>
  14. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>Better roads? </li></ul><ul><li>Big 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivism </li></ul><ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>Good recent article on Connectivism </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>Thank you very much! </li></ul><ul><li>Any Questions? </li></ul>Daniel Craig [email_address] http://danielcraig.com http://iucall.blogspot.com
  16. 19. Attributes <ul><li>Grass path </li></ul><ul><li>Dirt road </li></ul><ul><li>Old paved road </li></ul><ul><li>Long highway </li></ul>This PowerPoint and the contents developed by Daniel Craig are licensed with the following Creative Commons License

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