The history of European Unionby Izzo Gabriele and Mazzini Filippo
Europe at the end of second global warEurope was destroyed and politicaly broken in two blocks because of the second global war The west block was democratic there was a dictatorship in the east block which was under the influence of the Sovietic Unionand under the influence of the United States
The Economic Community of Coal and Steel (C.E.C.A.) 1951: Italy, France, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourgfounded the C.E.C.A. to promote the production and business of coal and steel and to rebuild Europe destroyed because of the war
The European Economic CommunityFor the most good results of C.E.C.A. the six foundator states formed the C.E.E. to create a single market where merchandisings, money and people can move on clearly 1957 - six foundator states 1973 – United Kingdom, Irish and Denmark 1981 - Greek 1986 - Spain and Portugal 1995 - Austria, Sweden and Finland 1 - Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia,Cyprus and Malta 2007 - Romania and Bulgaria
The Treaty of Maastricht With the Treaty of Maastricht, in 1990, born the European citizenshipwhich affords the free circulation in all the countries which belong to the Schengen Space.
The Constitution The first european constitution was written in 2004 France and Netherland not approved itSo in 2009 was rewrite the text of the first constitution: the Treaty of Lisbon approved also from France and Netherland
2002: the single currencyThe creation of EURO as a single currency was necessaryto get easy commercial exchages and travels.United Kingdom, Sweden and Denmark have preferred topostpone the adoption of the euro
The flag •Stars = the Countries of the Union •Circle = cooperation and equality The anthem Ode to joy: composed by Ludwig Van Beethoven as an ode to peace and brotherhood