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Learning Service Slideshare

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This is a presentation on Learning Service, voluntourism, and international volunteer travel by Daniela Papi & Claire Bennett presented to a group of teachers at the Rocky Mountain Seminar in Boulder, …

This is a presentation on Learning Service, voluntourism, and international volunteer travel by Daniela Papi & Claire Bennett presented to a group of teachers at the Rocky Mountain Seminar in Boulder, CO, through Where There Be Dragons.

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  • 1. Learning Service Examining service: motivations, pitfalls, benefits, and lessons learned Claire Bennett @DanielaPapi
  • 2. Our stories
  • 3. Schools don’t teach kids.
  • 4. Neither do pens, books, or t-shirts.
  • 5. We needed to invest in people to put those things to use
  • 6. How did the NGO change? Started  out  “giving   things”   Now,  “inves5ng   5me  in  people”  
  • 7. We moved from giving things away to How did the NGO change? investing time in people Started  out  “giving   things”   Now,  “inves5ng   5me  in  people”  
  • 8. How  has  PEPY  Tours  changed?   How did the tours change? Started  out  doing   “voluntourism”   Now,  offering  a   “chance  to  learn”   Could  also  just  be  two  images  –  perhaps  people  building  or  pain6ng   something  (can  just  be  s6ck  figures  like  the  story  of  stuff)  and  the   second  people  si?ng  and  talking  or  learning?  
  • 9. How  has  PEPY  Tours  changed?   We moved from building, painting, and ‘helping’, to learning,the tours change? How did debating, and ‘learning service’ Started  out  doing   “voluntourism”   Now,  offering  a   “chance  to  learn”   Could  also  just  be  two  images  –  perhaps  people  building  or  pain6ng   something  (can  just  be  s6ck  figures  like  the  story  of  stuff)  and  the   second  people  si?ng  and  talking  or  learning?  
  • 10. it’s not how we can save the world in a week
  • 11. It’s what we do the other 358 days of the year.
  • 12. We shifted our vocabulary I’m from the “Village of Briarcliff Manor”…” Volunteering Beneficiaries “villagers”
  • 13. We shifted our vocabulary I’m from the “Village of Briarcliff Manor”…” Volunteering Beneficiaries “villagers” … yet no one has ever called me a “villager”…
  • 14. We shifted our vocabulary Being a “volunteer” means there is a “beneficiary”…
  • 15. We shifted our vocabulary Being a “volunteer” means there is a “beneficiary”… … but then it’s hard to remember that those people we’re meant to “serve” are actually the ones from whom we need to learn!
  • 16. We shifted our vocabulary Volunteering Service Learning
  • 17. We shifted our vocabulary Service Learning Learning Service
  • 18. We have to learn before we can help
  • 19. sympathy /ˈsimpəTHē/ Noun: Feelings of pity and sorrow for someone else's misfortune. empathy /ˈempəTHē/ Noun: The ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
  • 20. sympathy /ˈsimpəTHē/ Noun: Feelings of pity and sorrow for someone else's misfortune. empathy /ˈempəTHē/ Noun: The ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
  • 21. So… what could actually go wrong?
  • 22. In this trip.. EVERYTHING that could have gone wrong!
  • 23. In this trip.. EVERYTHING that could have gone wrong! List of things that possibly go wrong All of it Bad planning Poor implementat Lies and corruptio An evil guy
  • 24. In this trip.. EVERYTHING that could have gone wrong! List of things that possibly go wrong All of it Bad planning Poor implementat Lies and corruptio An evil guy
  • 25. Poor pre-planning
  • 26. Poor pre-planning
  • 27. Poor pre-planning ! ! ! !
  • 28. No transparency
  • 29. No transparency $$$
  • 30. No transparency $$$
  • 31. Ineffective project
  • 32. Ineffective project
  • 33. Little to no traveler education
  • 34. Little to no traveler education
  • 35. The WRONG people were let in
  • 36. The WRONG people were let in
  • 37. The WRONG people were let in
  • 38. “Earlier this year, the British owner of the Cambodian Orphan Fund…was sent to prison in Cambodia for sexually abusing several minor boys in his care.” -  “Should You or Shouldn’t You Volunteer in a Cambodian Orphanage?”, Expat Living, Monica Pitrelli, Oct 2011
  • 39. (If you plant papayas, you can’t get mangoes.) បសិន%ប&អ(ក*ំ%ដ&មល/ុង 2ះអ(ក មិន4ចទទួយ9នែផ<= យេ ។
  • 40. Three ways we lose students 1) Poverty Overload 2) Savior Overload 3) Failure Overload
  • 41. Three causes of pitfalls Setting travelers up for failure Fueling waste & harm Supporting ineffective aid models
  • 42. Setting travelers up for failure 1)  False Marketing 2)  Fostering Moral Imperialism 3)  Offsetting culture
  • 43. # 1 This is how we are “marketing” the “developing” world.
  • 44. This is how we are “selling” solutions to these problems.
  • 45. Studies show that a large part of what people “know” about “developing” countries comes from fundraising campaigns
  • 46. WELLS DO NOT PROVIDE CLEAN WATER.
  • 47. “The statement that this sort of media makes is “We have a group of people who are utterly helpless, and only you can save them.”… this person is helpless – this person needs your money – this person is incapable of making a better life for him/herself. In going down the path of the ‘savior’, we’ll inevitably be biased not towards policy that works, but towards policy that makes us feel good about ourselves.” -  What is poverty porn and why does it matter for development? Matt Collin
  • 48. # 2 Fostering moral imperialism
  • 49. “We don’t send people over to the US to help with the emotional poverty we see there: with unhappy people, high divorce rates, broken family units, and dependence on material wealth - so why do you send people over to ‘help’ us with our financial poverty? We would fail at helping you as you are failing at helping us.” -  Ghanaian NGO Director
  • 50. # 3 Creates an offsetting culture
  • 51. Setting travelers up for failure Fueling waste & harm Supporting ineffective aid models
  • 52. Fueling waste & harm 1)  Shifting power structures 2)  Poor monitoring 3)  Volunteers are not free
  • 53. # 1 Shifting power structures
  • 54. # 2 Poor monitoring
  • 55. Don’t research Buy bad car
  • 56. Don’t research Car breaks Buy bad car
  • 57. You can change your behavior in the future Car breaks Don’t research Buy bad car
  • 58. Don’t research SCHOOL Fails, adds to corruption, etc. Invest in the wrong thing
  • 59. Don’t research You don’t usually know it! SCHOOL Fails, adds to corruption, etc. Invest in the wrong thing
  • 60. # 3 Volunteers are not FREE
  • 61. Setting travelers up for failure Fueling waste & harm Supporting ineffective aid models
  • 62. Supporting ineffective aid models 1)  Seeking out easy & fast solutions 2)  Child’s rights violations 3)  Creating experiences “for the travelers”
  • 63. # Seeking out easy & fast “solutions” 1
  • 64. Shifting from consumer driven “aid”
  • 65. # 2 Child’s rights violations
  • 66. “There were about 25 kids inside the ‘orphanage’. Every time a tourist boat pulled up and people went in to deliver their bounty, the children would stop what they were doing and shout a greeting or a thank you. Doing that every five minutes throughout the day is surely going to impact on your education. It was obvious that the children were being used for profit. Yet boat after boat of people were pulling up to get their holiday feel good points by gawking at children trapped in a floating cage, chorusing multilingual greetings like polished professionals.” -  “Orphanage Tourism: Cute Kids, Cashed Up Tourists, Poor Outcomes”, Devpolicy Blog, Development Policy Center
  • 67. Ask yourself: Would this be okay if this was happening in my community?
  • 68. Orphanage tourism
  • 69. “Many volunteers see it as their role to provide love, thus building strong emotional bonds with the children. However, when volunteers leave, these bonds are broken and the children are once again left alone.” -  With the best of intentions, a study of attitudes towards residential care in Cambodia, 2011, UNICEFfunded
  • 70. # 3 Creating experiences for travelers while overlooking the cause
  • 71. Perceived Model The  community   or  the  project  has   a  need The  community   or  project  puts   out  a  request  for   volunteers Volunteers   supply  that  skill   and  9ill  the  need Frequent Model A  sending   organization  has   increased  demand   for  a  speci9ic  location   or  type  of  volunteer   project The  organization   seeks  out  more   placements  to  9ill  the   volunteers’  demands The  hosting   organization  agrees   to  take  the  volunteer,   in  exchange  for   payment  or  in  hope   of  continued   donations
  • 72. “You know, Americans always want to paint things. They want to paint buildings, so we have a building we let them paint. Usually we have to repaint the walls after the Americans leave because they don’t do a very good job.” -  Excerpt from Rethinking Short-Term Missions for Long-Term Impact by Mary Faulds
  • 73. An ILLICH Break http://bit.ly/illich
  • 74. Intrinsically interlinked
  • 75. Videos & tools soon at learningservice.info
  • 76. •  Throughout the Journey: Adopting a Learning Mindset •  Before departure: Thorough Research •  While Abroad: Humble, Mindful, and Self-Reflective Action •  Back at home: A life-long approach The trajectory of the book…
  • 77. Adop5ng  a   learning  mindset   -  Pre-departure tonesetting -  Debriefs -  Acknowledging cultural lens -  Open issues up for debate
  • 78. It isn’t changing your mind
  • 79. It’s forming new opinions based on new information
  • 80. Thorough   research   -  Transparency -  Impact goals -  Power dynamics -  Skill fit (and the importance of “attitude building” not just “skill building”) -  Cultural context -  Learning opportunities
  • 81. Humble,  Mindful,   &  Self-­‐Reflec5ve   Ac5on   -  Build relationships -  Avoid confirmation bias -  Remember you vote with your money -  Don’t forget the rest of the trip!
  • 82. $ Remember: You vote with RESEARCH: Giving your your money money
  • 83. Do you want more kids on the street?
  • 84. Avoid the long-neckwomen phenomenon.
  • 85. Don’t forget the rest of the trip!
  • 86. A  Life-­‐long   Approach   -  Follow up!!!! -  Nuance & complexity -  More questions than answers -  Interconnectedness -  Lifestyle & daily choices
  • 87. What are you married to? The exact initiative (a fundraiser, a volunteer trip, etc) The issue or NGO partner The experience for the student
  • 88. Daniela Papi d@pepytours.com pepycambodia.org pepytours.com learningservie.info lessonsilearned.org
  • 89. Other RESOURCES to consider
  • 90. Global  Ci9zenship   -­‐  Humility   -­‐  Inter-­‐connectedness   -­‐  Compassion   -­‐  Gra5tude   Leadership  &  Skill   Building   -­‐  Responsibility   -­‐  Ownership   -­‐  Courage   -­‐  Self-­‐reflec5on   Awareness  of  Self   -­‐  Awareness   -­‐  Curiosity   -­‐  Authen5city   www.wheretherebedragons.com
  • 91. Now also at learningservice.info
  • 92. www.voluntourism101.com  
  • 93. Child Safe Campaign at thinkchildsafe.org
  • 94. Travelers Philanthropy Handbook http://bit.ly/TFHandbook
  • 95. More voluntourism guidelines www.ecotourism.org/voluntourism-guidelines
  • 96. Learning Service Charter/Guidelines/Videos www.learningservice.info
  • 97. Daniela Papi d@pepytours.com pepycambodia.org pepytours.com learningservie.info lessonsilearned.org
  • 98. Daniela Papi d@pepytours.com pepycambodia.org pepytours.com learningservie.info lessonsilearned.org
  • 99. Claire Bennett claire@learningservice.info Daniela Papi daniela@learningservice.info

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