Learning Service Slideshare

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This is a presentation on Learning Service, voluntourism, and international volunteer travel by Daniela Papi & Claire Bennett presented to a group of teachers at the Rocky Mountain Seminar in Boulder, CO, through Where There Be Dragons.

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Learning Service Slideshare

  1. 1. Learning Service Examining service: motivations, pitfalls, benefits, and lessons learned Claire Bennett @DanielaPapi
  2. 2. Our stories
  3. 3. Schools don’t teach kids.
  4. 4. Neither do pens, books, or t-shirts.
  5. 5. We needed to invest in people to put those things to use
  6. 6. How did the NGO change? Started  out  “giving   things”   Now,  “inves5ng   5me  in  people”  
  7. 7. We moved from giving things away to How did the NGO change? investing time in people Started  out  “giving   things”   Now,  “inves5ng   5me  in  people”  
  8. 8. How  has  PEPY  Tours  changed?   How did the tours change? Started  out  doing   “voluntourism”   Now,  offering  a   “chance  to  learn”   Could  also  just  be  two  images  –  perhaps  people  building  or  pain6ng   something  (can  just  be  s6ck  figures  like  the  story  of  stuff)  and  the   second  people  si?ng  and  talking  or  learning?  
  9. 9. How  has  PEPY  Tours  changed?   We moved from building, painting, and ‘helping’, to learning,the tours change? How did debating, and ‘learning service’ Started  out  doing   “voluntourism”   Now,  offering  a   “chance  to  learn”   Could  also  just  be  two  images  –  perhaps  people  building  or  pain6ng   something  (can  just  be  s6ck  figures  like  the  story  of  stuff)  and  the   second  people  si?ng  and  talking  or  learning?  
  10. 10. it’s not how we can save the world in a week
  11. 11. It’s what we do the other 358 days of the year.
  12. 12. We shifted our vocabulary I’m from the “Village of Briarcliff Manor”…” Volunteering Beneficiaries “villagers”
  13. 13. We shifted our vocabulary I’m from the “Village of Briarcliff Manor”…” Volunteering Beneficiaries “villagers” … yet no one has ever called me a “villager”…
  14. 14. We shifted our vocabulary Being a “volunteer” means there is a “beneficiary”…
  15. 15. We shifted our vocabulary Being a “volunteer” means there is a “beneficiary”… … but then it’s hard to remember that those people we’re meant to “serve” are actually the ones from whom we need to learn!
  16. 16. We shifted our vocabulary Volunteering Service Learning
  17. 17. We shifted our vocabulary Service Learning Learning Service
  18. 18. We have to learn before we can help
  19. 19. sympathy /ˈsimpəTHē/ Noun: Feelings of pity and sorrow for someone else's misfortune. empathy /ˈempəTHē/ Noun: The ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
  20. 20. sympathy /ˈsimpəTHē/ Noun: Feelings of pity and sorrow for someone else's misfortune. empathy /ˈempəTHē/ Noun: The ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
  21. 21. So… what could actually go wrong?
  22. 22. In this trip.. EVERYTHING that could have gone wrong!
  23. 23. In this trip.. EVERYTHING that could have gone wrong! List of things that possibly go wrong All of it Bad planning Poor implementat Lies and corruptio An evil guy
  24. 24. In this trip.. EVERYTHING that could have gone wrong! List of things that possibly go wrong All of it Bad planning Poor implementat Lies and corruptio An evil guy
  25. 25. Poor pre-planning
  26. 26. Poor pre-planning
  27. 27. Poor pre-planning ! ! ! !
  28. 28. No transparency
  29. 29. No transparency $$$
  30. 30. No transparency $$$
  31. 31. Ineffective project
  32. 32. Ineffective project
  33. 33. Little to no traveler education
  34. 34. Little to no traveler education
  35. 35. The WRONG people were let in
  36. 36. The WRONG people were let in
  37. 37. The WRONG people were let in
  38. 38. “Earlier this year, the British owner of the Cambodian Orphan Fund…was sent to prison in Cambodia for sexually abusing several minor boys in his care.” -  “Should You or Shouldn’t You Volunteer in a Cambodian Orphanage?”, Expat Living, Monica Pitrelli, Oct 2011
  39. 39. (If you plant papayas, you can’t get mangoes.) បសិន%ប&អ(ក*ំ%ដ&មល/ុង 2ះអ(ក មិន4ចទទួយ9នែផ<= យេ ។
  40. 40. Three ways we lose students 1) Poverty Overload 2) Savior Overload 3) Failure Overload
  41. 41. Three causes of pitfalls Setting travelers up for failure Fueling waste & harm Supporting ineffective aid models
  42. 42. Setting travelers up for failure 1)  False Marketing 2)  Fostering Moral Imperialism 3)  Offsetting culture
  43. 43. # 1 This is how we are “marketing” the “developing” world.
  44. 44. This is how we are “selling” solutions to these problems.
  45. 45. Studies show that a large part of what people “know” about “developing” countries comes from fundraising campaigns
  46. 46. WELLS DO NOT PROVIDE CLEAN WATER.
  47. 47. “The statement that this sort of media makes is “We have a group of people who are utterly helpless, and only you can save them.”… this person is helpless – this person needs your money – this person is incapable of making a better life for him/herself. In going down the path of the ‘savior’, we’ll inevitably be biased not towards policy that works, but towards policy that makes us feel good about ourselves.” -  What is poverty porn and why does it matter for development? Matt Collin
  48. 48. # 2 Fostering moral imperialism
  49. 49. “We don’t send people over to the US to help with the emotional poverty we see there: with unhappy people, high divorce rates, broken family units, and dependence on material wealth - so why do you send people over to ‘help’ us with our financial poverty? We would fail at helping you as you are failing at helping us.” -  Ghanaian NGO Director
  50. 50. # 3 Creates an offsetting culture
  51. 51. Setting travelers up for failure Fueling waste & harm Supporting ineffective aid models
  52. 52. Fueling waste & harm 1)  Shifting power structures 2)  Poor monitoring 3)  Volunteers are not free
  53. 53. # 1 Shifting power structures
  54. 54. # 2 Poor monitoring
  55. 55. Don’t research Buy bad car
  56. 56. Don’t research Car breaks Buy bad car
  57. 57. You can change your behavior in the future Car breaks Don’t research Buy bad car
  58. 58. Don’t research SCHOOL Fails, adds to corruption, etc. Invest in the wrong thing
  59. 59. Don’t research You don’t usually know it! SCHOOL Fails, adds to corruption, etc. Invest in the wrong thing
  60. 60. # 3 Volunteers are not FREE
  61. 61. Setting travelers up for failure Fueling waste & harm Supporting ineffective aid models
  62. 62. Supporting ineffective aid models 1)  Seeking out easy & fast solutions 2)  Child’s rights violations 3)  Creating experiences “for the travelers”
  63. 63. # Seeking out easy & fast “solutions” 1
  64. 64. Shifting from consumer driven “aid”
  65. 65. # 2 Child’s rights violations
  66. 66. “There were about 25 kids inside the ‘orphanage’. Every time a tourist boat pulled up and people went in to deliver their bounty, the children would stop what they were doing and shout a greeting or a thank you. Doing that every five minutes throughout the day is surely going to impact on your education. It was obvious that the children were being used for profit. Yet boat after boat of people were pulling up to get their holiday feel good points by gawking at children trapped in a floating cage, chorusing multilingual greetings like polished professionals.” -  “Orphanage Tourism: Cute Kids, Cashed Up Tourists, Poor Outcomes”, Devpolicy Blog, Development Policy Center
  67. 67. Ask yourself: Would this be okay if this was happening in my community?
  68. 68. Orphanage tourism
  69. 69. “Many volunteers see it as their role to provide love, thus building strong emotional bonds with the children. However, when volunteers leave, these bonds are broken and the children are once again left alone.” -  With the best of intentions, a study of attitudes towards residential care in Cambodia, 2011, UNICEFfunded
  70. 70. # 3 Creating experiences for travelers while overlooking the cause
  71. 71. Perceived Model The  community   or  the  project  has   a  need The  community   or  project  puts   out  a  request  for   volunteers Volunteers   supply  that  skill   and  9ill  the  need Frequent Model A  sending   organization  has   increased  demand   for  a  speci9ic  location   or  type  of  volunteer   project The  organization   seeks  out  more   placements  to  9ill  the   volunteers’  demands The  hosting   organization  agrees   to  take  the  volunteer,   in  exchange  for   payment  or  in  hope   of  continued   donations
  72. 72. “You know, Americans always want to paint things. They want to paint buildings, so we have a building we let them paint. Usually we have to repaint the walls after the Americans leave because they don’t do a very good job.” -  Excerpt from Rethinking Short-Term Missions for Long-Term Impact by Mary Faulds
  73. 73. An ILLICH Break http://bit.ly/illich
  74. 74. Intrinsically interlinked
  75. 75. Videos & tools soon at learningservice.info
  76. 76. •  Throughout the Journey: Adopting a Learning Mindset •  Before departure: Thorough Research •  While Abroad: Humble, Mindful, and Self-Reflective Action •  Back at home: A life-long approach The trajectory of the book…
  77. 77. Adop5ng  a   learning  mindset   -  Pre-departure tonesetting -  Debriefs -  Acknowledging cultural lens -  Open issues up for debate
  78. 78. It isn’t changing your mind
  79. 79. It’s forming new opinions based on new information
  80. 80. Thorough   research   -  Transparency -  Impact goals -  Power dynamics -  Skill fit (and the importance of “attitude building” not just “skill building”) -  Cultural context -  Learning opportunities
  81. 81. Humble,  Mindful,   &  Self-­‐Reflec5ve   Ac5on   -  Build relationships -  Avoid confirmation bias -  Remember you vote with your money -  Don’t forget the rest of the trip!
  82. 82. $ Remember: You vote with RESEARCH: Giving your your money money
  83. 83. Do you want more kids on the street?
  84. 84. Avoid the long-neckwomen phenomenon.
  85. 85. Don’t forget the rest of the trip!
  86. 86. A  Life-­‐long   Approach   -  Follow up!!!! -  Nuance & complexity -  More questions than answers -  Interconnectedness -  Lifestyle & daily choices
  87. 87. What are you married to? The exact initiative (a fundraiser, a volunteer trip, etc) The issue or NGO partner The experience for the student
  88. 88. Daniela Papi d@pepytours.com pepycambodia.org pepytours.com learningservie.info lessonsilearned.org
  89. 89. Other RESOURCES to consider
  90. 90. Global  Ci9zenship   -­‐  Humility   -­‐  Inter-­‐connectedness   -­‐  Compassion   -­‐  Gra5tude   Leadership  &  Skill   Building   -­‐  Responsibility   -­‐  Ownership   -­‐  Courage   -­‐  Self-­‐reflec5on   Awareness  of  Self   -­‐  Awareness   -­‐  Curiosity   -­‐  Authen5city   www.wheretherebedragons.com
  91. 91. Now also at learningservice.info
  92. 92. www.voluntourism101.com  
  93. 93. Child Safe Campaign at thinkchildsafe.org
  94. 94. Travelers Philanthropy Handbook http://bit.ly/TFHandbook
  95. 95. More voluntourism guidelines www.ecotourism.org/voluntourism-guidelines
  96. 96. Learning Service Charter/Guidelines/Videos www.learningservice.info
  97. 97. Daniela Papi d@pepytours.com pepycambodia.org pepytours.com learningservie.info lessonsilearned.org
  98. 98. Daniela Papi d@pepytours.com pepycambodia.org pepytours.com learningservie.info lessonsilearned.org
  99. 99. Claire Bennett claire@learningservice.info Daniela Papi daniela@learningservice.info

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