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IAMCR - Presentation IAMCR - Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? 1/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Reseach questions In which way can access to the Internet by Portuguese inmates become a reality? Which implications the usage of Internet in Portuguese Prisional Establishments would have in inmates lifes? 2/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Participants/Objects of study Inmates in Portuguese Prisional Establishments Portuguese Prisional System (social workers, teachers, etc.) 3/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Prison «the essential of punishment that we, judges, inflict don’t believe it consists in punishing; the essential is aiming to correct, reeducate, “cure“» (Foucault, 1975) 4/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Prison «reclusion is “invariable and inevitably an interruption, a reality between parenthesis.”» (Cunha, 2004) 5/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Prison «The notion of reintegration is based on the preservation of social bonds, family and marital relations.» (Cunha & Bastos, 2007) 6/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Portuguese Penal Legislation «After the Portuguese Revolution in 1974 (April 25th), the inmate started being recognized as a citizen with the same rights as the common citizen, with the same duties and social rights.» 7/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Portuguese Penal Legislation « The 265/79 law of August 1st (1979), enunciates in the second article, under the theme “Purposes of the execution” that: - the execution of penal measures must be oriented toward the inmates reintegration in society, preparing the inmate to, in future, lead his/her life in a responsible and crimeless way.» 8/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Portuguese Penal Legislation «In the same law, Definition of Execution of Freedom Measures parameters are determined. “Life in prison should be as similar as life in freedom as it is possible, avoiding the negative consequences of life in prison.”; 9/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Portuguese Penal Legislation “Execution must, as much as possible, stimulate inmates participation in his/her own social reintegration (…)”» 10/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Portuguese Technological Society «The Technological Plan is a plan of promotion, development and competitive reinforcement of Portugal. The strategy of this plan is based upon three axis: knowledge, technology, and innovation.» 11/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Portuguese Technological Society “Evolution of computer and broad band Internet usage in portuguese homes” and “Usage of local and mobile broad band”. Source: Plano Tecnológico e Novas Oportunidades para o Sector, Rui Grilo, 2009. 12/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Here’s a thought Why don’t these two “worlds” become one? 13/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt And some questions What would that do for inmates reintegration? How would it contribute for a crimeless life? In which way would it benefit Portuguese society? 14/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Field work The Inmates 15/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates sample Distribution of Inquired Inmates by Prisional Establishment (%) 28. 26. Porto (#54) Aveiro (#0) Leiria (#38) 0. Coimbra (#57) Tires (#57) 18. 28. Note: Total of 206 participating inmates. (Aveiro inmates questionaries not included due to delay in data treatement.) 16/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates sample Distribution of Inquired Inmates by Gender (%) 8. FEMININE MASCULINE 92. 17/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates personal profile Inmates Distribution by Age (%) 40
 36
 35
 30
 27
 25
 20
 16
 15
 10
 10
 10
 5
 1
 0
 0
 18
to
28
years
old
 29
to
39
years
old
 40
to
49
years
old
 50
to
59
years
old
 60
to
69
years
old
 70
to
79
years
old
 No
answer
 18/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates personal profile Education (%) No answer 0 University 2 Other Graduation - Profissional Degree Course 5 High School - 10th, 11th e 12th years 15 3º Degree - 7th, 8th e 9th years 43 2nd Degree - 5th and 6th years 19 1st Degree - 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th years, or Old 4th Portuguese Degree 14 Don't know how to read or write 2 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 19/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates personal profile Marital Status (%) 60 50 50 40 30 20 18 14 14 10 3 1 0 Single Married Living together Divorced Widower No answer 20/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates personal profile Family Units Dimension (%) 30 25 25 20 19 15 13 11 10 8 6 5 5 5 3 2 2 1 0 0 0 Living Living Living Living Living Living Living Living Living Living Living Living Living No alone with 1 with 2 with 3 with 4 with 5 with 6 with 7 with 8 with 9 with 10 with 11 with 12 answer person people people people people people people people people people people people 21/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates personal profile Friends Network Dimension (%) 35 31 30 25 25 20 17 15 8 9 10 3 4 5 1 1 0,25 0,25 0,25 0,25 0 ) ) ) ) h l 0) 5) 00 le le ow er ra (0 15 50 99 g op ab 10 sw to ve 10 ou e kn to to to on er pe Se an an (1 En 't m (6 6 1 N th sn y w (1 (5 nu o an e Fe N e m e y s In Do m an ou or So (m M g er in um s ow ed N Kn dr un H 22/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • 0 5 10 15 20 1 to 6 months 25 8 7 months to 1 year More than 1 year 11 More than 2 year 20 7 More than 3 year 9 More than 4 year More than 5 year 8 More than 6 year 17 More than 7 year 14 More than 8 year 11 Inmates personal profile 8 More than 9 year 7 More than 10 year 5 More than 11 year 3 More than 12 year 1 More than 13 year 2 More than 14 year 1 More than 15 year 4 More than 16 year 3 More than 17 year More than 18 year 2 2 More than 19 year More than 20 year 1 1 Reclusion Time Conviction (#) More than 21 year 2 More than 22 year 0 More than 23 year 2 More than 24 year 0 More than 25 year More than 26 year 1 1 More than 27 year More than 28 year More than 29 year More than 30 year More than 31 year More than 32 year 0 0 0 0 0 0 More than 33 year 1 More than 34 year Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal 0 Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt 23/39
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates personal profile Time in Prison (#) 45 40 41 35 35 30 31 25 20 20 17 15 15 10 7 6 5 5 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 s ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar ar th ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye on 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 m to an an an an an an an an an an an an an an an an an an 6 th th th th th th th th th s to th th th th th th th th th th e e e e e e e e e on 1 or or or or or or or or or e e e e e e e e e or or or or or or or or or m M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M 7 24/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates personal profile Number of Convictions (%) 70 60 58 50 40 35 30 20 10 6 1 0 This is the first Between 1 and 3 4 or more times No answer times 25/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates Internet user profile Knowing Internet (%) 0. 10. Yes No No answer 90. 26/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates Internet user profile Internet Usage Frequency (%) 35 30 30 25 20 20 17 15 11 9 10 7 6 5 0 Every day, Every day 3 to 5 times a 1 to 2 times a Rarely Never No answer several times a week week day 27/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates Internet user profile Internet Context Usage (%) 40 36 35 30 30 25 22 20 15 12 10 5 0 Leisure Study / Research Professional No answer Note: Question of multiple response. 28/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates Internet user profile Type of Internet Usage (%) 20 19 18 17 16 16 14 12 12 11 10 10 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 0 Talk with friends / Participate in Have fun / Watch Informe myself of Look for a job Do services Study / Research Other. Which? No answer Family / Other Social Networks videos, pictures, what's (payments, people (hi5, facebook, etc. happening in the shopping, twitter, etc.) world subscribing, etc.) Note: Question of multiple response. 29/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates Internet user opinions Internet in Prison (%) 23. Possible Impossible No answer 59. 18. 30/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates Internet user opinions Internet in Prison (%) 37. Adjusted Unadjusted No answer 61. 2. 31/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates Internet user opinions Internet in Prison (%) 21. 0. Usefull Useless No answer 79. 32/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates Internet user opinions Internet Usage in Prison (%) 25 22 20 18 16 14 15 12 10 10 7 5 0 1 0 Look for a job Have an online job shopping, subscribing, etc.) Study / Research Other. Which? Have fun / Watch videos, Networks (hi5, facebook, Talk with friends / Family / Informe myself of what's happening in the world Do services (payments, Participate in Social pictures, etc. Other people twitter, etc.) Note: Question of multiple response. 33/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Inmates Internet user opinions Internet Usage in Prison as an Improvement (%) 30 26 25 24 24 23 20 15 10 5 2 1 0 0 It would It would It would It would Other. Which? I don't have an It wouldn't improve the improve my increase my improve my opinion change relationship knowledge of capability to education and anything with my family the "outside have a job after formation world" reclusion Note: Question of multiple response. 34/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Field work The Professionals 35/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Prison professionals view “Internet is important for inmates emotional balance.” “Having Internet in prisons it’s just a problem of security.” “Internet it’s essential for education. It’s a gradual process.” “Access to Internet is crucial for education in prisons.” 36/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Prison professionals view “Every prison should have a room with computers where inmates could access the Internet, with no access to certain websites, limited time of access and contact control.” “Sooner or later it will become a reality.” “It only takes will.” 37/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt Conclusion In a scenario where new technologies occupy a space of which it is not able to abdicate, where technology, globalization and security work as master guides on the construction of sociological and communication reality, it appears necessary to question, analyse, and even reformulate the models of inmates communication with the “exterior world”. 38/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Internet usage in Portuguese Prisional Establishments. Reality or an Utopia? • Daniela Graça · danielagraca@ua.pt • Lídia Oliveira · lidia@ua.pt THANK YOU! investigation blog danielagraca.blogs.ua.sapo.pt/ contacts danielagraca@ua.pt + lidia@ua.pt 39/39 Department of Communication and Art, CETAC.MEDIA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal