Games Concepts
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Games Concepts

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A brief introduction to games is given.

A brief introduction to games is given.
- What is a game? (three different definitions are discussed)
- Game genre by gameplay
- Game genre by purpose

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Games Concepts Games Concepts Presentation Transcript

  • ´ TECNICAS DE DESENVOLVIMENTO DE JOGOS Engenharia em Desenvolvimento de Jogos Digitais - 2013/2014 February 14, 2014 Daniela da Cruz dcruz@ipca.pt
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market AGENDA 1. What is a Game? 2. Game Genres by Gameplay 3. Game Genres by Purpose 4. The target market 2
  • WHAT IS A GAME?
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market WHAT IS A GAME? — DEFINITION 1 “A game is a system in which players engage in an artificial conflict, defined by rules, that results in a quantifiable outcome.” Rules of Play : Game Design Fundamentals. Salen, K. and E. Zimmerman. The MIT Press. (2003) 4
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market WHAT IS A GAME? “A game is a system in which players engage in an artificial conflict, defined by rules, that results in a quantifiable outcome.” 5
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market WHAT IS A GAME? — DEFINITION 2 “Games are objects which consist of components and rules and have certain criteria: rules, a goal, always changing course; chance; competition; common experience; equality; freedom; activity; diving into the world of the game; and no impact on reality.” Wolfgang Kramer (1942-), german board game designer. 6
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market WHAT IS A GAME? “Games are objects which consist of components and rules and have certain criteria: rules, a goal, always changing course; chance; competition; common experience; equality; freedom; activity; diving into the world of the game; and no impact on reality.” Wolfgang Kramer (1942-), german board game designer. 7
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market WHAT IS A GAME? — DEFINITION 3 “A game has explicit rules and goals, and is played with the primary purpose of learning.” Nils Pettersson 8
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market WHAT IS A GAME? In order to test these definitions to see if they actually work on a real example we need to look at an existing game. A definition must be useful in a practical context after all. 9
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market http://www.eurogamer.pt/videos/skyrim-tempo-a-passar-um-mundo-em-movimento 10 SKYRIM
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market SKYRIM → Skyrim is set in a huge world where the player is free to wander as he wishes as long as he stays inside established boundaries. This explicitly states the arena of the play area. 11
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market SKYRIM → Characters can be developed and improved in a variety of ways in order to meet challenges and customise the way the player plays the game. This gives the player choices about how to tackle said challenges while still staying within the confines of the rules. 12
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market SKYRIM → The player has freedom within the rules to seek out and overcome challenges via creative thinking and trial and error. 13
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market SKYRIM Skyrim gives the player the illusion of choice that feeds the user creativity while still guiding him along the intended experience. This illusion of choice is somewhat of a holy grail to game designers and something that is incredibly hard to nail down in a game. Everything in the game is controlled by explicit rules that cannot be broken since it is a digital game (computers are notoriously bad at independent thinking after all). 14
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market GAMIFICATION “Samsung is embracing a business trend called gamification, which takes elements from games and applies them to other settings.” Natasha Singer, Feb 2012 15
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market GAMIFICATION — SAMSUNG NATION Users earn badges for completing activities such as writing reviews, watching videos and participating in forums. 16
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market GAMIFICATION — VISUAL STUDIO ACHIEVEMENTS “With the Visual Studio Achievements Extension, various achievements are unlocked based on your activity. Your profile is updated with any achievements you earn, recalculating your position on the leaderboard.” 17
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market GAMIFICATION — VISUAL STUDIO ACHIEVEMENTS http://channel9.msdn.com/achievements/visualstudio 18
  • GAME GENRES BY GAMEPLAY
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market GAME GENRES BY GAMEPLAY Shooter/Action Puzzle Games Role-Playing Game (RPG) Sport Games Graphical Adventure Trivia Games Simulation Card Games Vehicle Simulation Board Games Strategy Music Games Party Games Massive Multiplayer Online Game (MMO and MMORPG) 20
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market EXERCISE 1. Choose a game genre from the previous list. 2. Research about its main characteristics. 3. Choose 2 or 3 games that fits on the chosen game genre and explain why. 21
  • GAME GENRES BY PURPOSE
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market GAME GENRES BY PURPOSE → Adult Video Games → Advergames → Art Games → Casual Games → Educational Games → Exergames → Serious Games 23
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market GAME GENRES BY PURPOSE — ADVERGAMES Advergames Promotional software specifically made to advertise a product, organization or viewpoint. The majority of advergames are found online and mostly include simple and cheaply made Flash games. 24
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market GAME GENRES BY PURPOSE — ADVERGAMES Chex Quest is a non-violent first-person shooter video game created in 1996 by Digital Cafe as a Chex cereal promotion aimed at children aged 6-9 and up. 25
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market GAME GENRES BY PURPOSE — EXERGAMES Exergames — Video games that provides exercise. 26
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market GAME GENRES BY PURPOSE — SERIOUS GAMES Serious games — intended to educate or train the player. These games tend to promote ”education, science, social change, health care or even the military.” America’s Army 27
  • THE TARGET MARKET
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market THE TARGET MARKET In the United States, the average video game player is 30 and has been playing video games for over 12 years. by “The Entertainment Software Association - Industry Facts”. http://www.theesa.com/facts/index.asp 29
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market THE TARGET MARKET In the UK as of 2007, the average video game player was over 23 years old, had played video games for over 10 years, and spent around 11 hours a week playing video games. by “Ask about Games”. http://web.archive.org/web/20070613033013/http: //www.askaboutgames.com/?c=/pages/factsFigures.jsp 30
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market THE TARGET MARKET — TYPES OF PLAYERS → Heavy gamers — who constantly play games and are responsible for most of the market sales. → Avid console gamers — who buy mainly console games and might play console games many hours a day. → Mass-market gamers — who usually buy only blockbuster games. 31
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market THE TARGET MARKET — TYPES OF PLAYERS → Prefer-portable gamers — who prefer playing games using portable devices. → Secondary gamers — who usually don’t buy games and play games bought by other people. → Infrequent gamers — who play games occasionally (casual gamers). 32
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market THE TARGET MARKET — TYPES OF PLAYERS Heavy gamers → Difficult challenges → Elaborated storyline → Great level of immersion into the game world → Extremely detailed 3D environments → Background music and enhanced sound effects → Long game-play experience with many challenges → Scripts are usually big but not that much complex, usually following pre-established game genres 33
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market THE TARGET MARKET — TYPES OF PLAYERS Casual gamers → Easy to understand and easy to play → Simple storyline or even no storyline at all → Challenging but brief levels, giving a feeling of accomplishment in short periods → No enhanced 3D Graphics or sound effects (keep it simple) → A good casual game is typically easy to develop but very hard to specify → Scripts are short but complex in terms of game-play concept E.g.: Card games, puzzles, board games. 34
  • What is a Game? Game Genres by Gameplay Game Genres by Purpose The target market RESOURCES → Rules of Play : Game Design Fundamentals. Salen, K. and E. Zimmerman. The MIT Press. (2003) → http://www.gamasutra.com 35