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Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment PROGRAMS AND SERVICES FOR PTSD 139 are commonly offered through comprehensive health care systems in the United States. It also offers vocational rehabilitation services; services that address homelessness; prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment, and re- habilitation services for veterans who have PTSD; and comprehensive eval- uations of veterans who are applying for compensation because of PTSD that was caused or aggravated by their time in service. The comprehensive PTSD evaluations are used to support the efforts of the VBA to adjudicate claims for service connection of veterans’ PTSD. Most of these services are provided by VHA staff, but occasionally local VA medical centers contract with community providers to provide services. In 2007, to increase the availability of mental health services, the VA required its mental health clinics to provide information about regular hours of service, such as early morning, evening, and weekend appointments. From 2006 through 2010, an estimated 2.1 million veterans received mental health care from the VA, 10% of whom were OEF and OIF veterans (GAO, 2011a); of all OEF and OIF veterans receiving any health care dur- ing this 5-year period, 38% received mental health care (GAO, 2011a). In FY 2010, the five most common mental health diagnostic categories were adjustment reaction (including PTSD), depressive disorder, episodic mood disorder, neurotic disorder, and substance abuse disorder. Some veterans may have received a diagnosis of more than one mental health disorder. Policy expectations for PTSD services are detailed in the VHA hand- book Programs for Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (VA, 2010b). The VA funds several national evaluation centers that are responsible for, among other tasks, evaluations for specific categories of mental health services and programs, including some PTSD programs. In addition, the VA National Center for PTSD (discussed below) sponsors and promotes research on associated factors and treatments, training, and edu- cation; participates in the development of clinical practice guidelines; and disseminates information to the public on PTSD. Vet Center representatives collaborate with the Nat