AFOSR kyle gresham cc overview

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AFOSR kyle gresham cc overview

  1. 1. European Office of Aerospace Research and Development (EOARD) Overview 5 March 2012 Colonel Kyle Gresham Commander Detachment 16Integrity  Service  Excellence Air Force Research Laboratory Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 1
  2. 2. EOARD 101• Largest technical staff of all the XOARDs • 6 Program Managers and 1 Tech Director • Physics, Materials, Information, Aeronautics, Lasers, Space • Local support staff of 9; 1 in Arlington • AOR has plenty of science to follow • We also run a ‗base‘ with 100 tenants• Rich history and legacy—60 years• What about the future? Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 2
  3. 3. Project Distribution in the AORUnited Kingdom France Germany Netherlands ERC 2007-2011 Italy Switzerland EOARD FY05-11 Israel Spain Sweden Belgium Finland Austria Top 10 Hungary EOARD EU FP7/ERC Denmark Greece UK UKCzech Republic Germany France Portugal Israel Germany Norway Italy Netherlands Cyprus Ireland Sweden Italy Bulgaria France Switzerland Poland Spain Israel Turkey Netherlands Spain Iceland Belgium Sweden Slovakia Croatia Czech Rep. Belgium Lithuania Romania Serbia 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 3
  4. 4. Building Relationships—Part 1: Graphene at Manchester Geim, Novoselov, et al. publish AFOSR & ONR host seminal papers in EOARD’s Dudley Geim for full day at Manchester’s Science 2004, and visits Andre Geim, Kostya Novoselov Arlington, 26 April Dr Peter Blake Oct 2010, Geim and in Nature 2005. Apr 08, discusses visits WPAFB, March 2010 to give visits WPAFB Novoselov announced proposal (grant 2009, seminar, tours seminar, discuss 22-27 May 10 to receive 2010 Nobel awarded Sept 08) labs research directions Prize in Physics, photo, Stockholm, Dec 2010 2004/5 2008 2009 2010 2011 AFRL’s John Boeckl and Albert Bogozi and Dudley visit AFRL’s Boeckl & Dr John Boeckl works Manchester Oct EOARD’s Dudley in Manchester June, 2009 for research visit Manchester July, and part of discussions Sept 2008 November 2010 via AFOSR’s “Window on the World” program John Boeckl (left) with Geim onAndre Geim in Manchester “Long Sept 2008, sample and Walk,” data sharing begins AFRL shares their micro- Boeckl, Bogozi and Windsor Raman data on Manchester Manchester Bobbies after Workshop provided exfoliated samples “Stop/Search”, Oct 09 Aug 2010 Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 4
  5. 5. Graphene at Manchester – latest in 2012State of the Art – Vertically layered graphene transistorField-Effect Tunneling Transistor Based on Vertical Graphene Heterostructures(published online 2 Feb 2012) graphene-hBN-graphene-hBN sandwichState of the Art – Graphene oxide’s selective permeability of water Philip Walther Water passes through graphene oxide nearly unimpeded, but nothing else, even He passes Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 5
  6. 6. Building Relationships, Part 2: Quantum Information Science at Bristol, Oxford, and Vienna Activity can be Mar 2011 EOARD traced to circa Walmsley grant WoS for Bristol’s Jan 2012, Alsing meets 2000. In late 2007, begins Sept 2008 Prof Jeremy Philip Walther, experimentalists O’Brien to Rome Larger lab University of Vienna Reinhard Erdmann AFB, NY facility is and Michael Fanto Theorist Paul Alsing Experimentalist completed and construct the moves from Kirtland to Corey Peters joins becomes quantum Rome to join group Rome group operational computing laboratory 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012Corey Peters and Mike Fanto in the QIS lab at Rome AFB, NY Alsing, Fanto, Peters, and Genda visit Possible Window EOARD, Bristol, on the World and Oxford visits to Bristol, Ian Walmsley, Oxford Oxford, & Vienna L-R Rome’s Mike Fanto, Tim Genda, Corey Peters, & Paul Alsing, EOARD, London, Sept 2011 Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 6
  7. 7. Quantum Photonics GroupsState of the Art – Macroscopic entanglement & metrologyQuantum Entanglement Links 2 DiamondsUsually a finicky phenomenon limited to tiny, ultracold objects, entanglement hasnow been achieved for macroscopic diamonds at room temperature Ian WalmsleyState of the Art - Quantum Information processingState of the Art - Quantum Information processing Philip Walther Manipulation of multiphoton entanglement in waveguide quantum circuits Jonathan C. F. Matthews1,3, Alberto Politi1,3, André Stefanov1,2 & Jeremy L. OBrien1 Nature Photonics 3, 346 - 350 (2009) Jeremy O‘Brien Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 7
  8. 8. Recent Months of Dec 11 & Jan 12 AFOSR has 7 sponsored articles EOARD‘s 3 of the 7Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 8
  9. 9. Current EOARD Strategy• In summary: • Find good science; help the AF work in Europe; build relationships• Possible refinements • Prioritize the science? Fill CONUS gaps? • What are realistic timelines? When do we get out of a field? When do we get in? • How do we transition portfolios when PMs leave? • Diplomacy role? Overseas research is growing, AF resources are shrinking—how do we respond? Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 9
  10. 10. After 60 years, some proposed changes… International Science Office (ISO) Tokyo London Santiago Arlington• ISO is belly button for all overseas 6.1 research • One strategy drives science, personnel, and business • AOR barriers are softened; collaborations are planned • Keep overseas presence but consolidate business ops• ISO partners with Chief Technology Officer to cover all AF 6.1 research internationally• ISO partners with AFRL TDs to cover AFRL international basic research interests.• New organization is more than cost cutting; it will improve overall international engagement strategy and will bring more value to the AF Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 10
  11. 11. Questions?Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 11
  12. 12. Strategy"plan for the coordinated use of all the instruments of state power to pursue objectives that protect and promote thenational interest."1 The objectives, or output, of a successful foreign policy strategy must be crafted such that theirachievement creates a strategic effect that supports a designated national interest. A strategy that achieves its givenobjectives but fails to support the associated national interest is at best a waste of resources and national power and atworst a threat to the national security of the country.Formulation of effective foreign policy strategy is a complex undertaking. As Deibel points out,"The heart of the strategists work is to see clearly the extraordinarily complex interrelationships among the elements ofstrategy."2 Unfortunately, before strategists can begin to contemplate the ends, ways, means, and national interestsdescribed above, they must first assess their assumptions regarding the strategic environment, for it is theseassumptions that identify the threats, opportunities, and values that define interests, and also the extent and availabilityof resources (power) needed to achieve objectives.Put another way, strategy built on flawed assumptions is doomed to failure. Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 12
  13. 13. FY11 Resources 711 HPW RX RV RB AFRL TDs EOARD RY RW Core Funding RI RZ Arlington PMsDistribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 13
  14. 14. FY11 ActivitiesNumber of Active Projects, Supported Conferences and Windows on Science Visits by Country United Kingdom 56 10 16 Ireland 2 Israel 15 1 2 Poland 2 Ukraine 12 1 8 Norway 1 1 Germany 9 4 4 Croatia 1 The Netherlands 9 4 2 Finland 1 Italy 9 3 2 Portugal 1 Spain 8 1 Slovakia 1 Belgium 7 2 2 Switzerland 1 Russia 6 1 14 Bulgaria 1 2 Sweden 6 1 1 Denmark 2 France 5 2 5 Armenia 1 Greece 5 1 3 Egypt 1 Czech Republic 3 Slovenia 1 Austria 2 1 South Africa 1 Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 14
  15. 15. Organization • Wiring Diagram Col Kyle Gresham Commander EOARD & BC/2PC Site Maj Stephanie Masoni TSgt Latoya McCants Installation Deputy Chief, Services & Support Lt Col Ty Pollak Program Deputy Commander / Managers Material Science PM Ms Susan Fuller Ms Wendy Harrison Dr Barrett Flake Lt Col Scott Dudley Contracting Officer Contracting Officer Tech Director Physics DO-II (Arlington) Term DO-II DR-IV Dr James Lawton Lt Col Brad Ms Sandy Guardia-Rawls Ms Sherry Mathews C4/IT Systems Tech Thompson IT & IA Security Manager STINFO Records Mgr DR-III Space Technology DO-II DO-I Ms Gloria Fairchild Dr John Gonglewski Dr Gregg Abate Budget Analyst Lasers and Optics Aeronautical Sciences DO-II DR-IV DR-III Ms Christi Capasso Ms Daphne Edgerton VACANTLead Program Analyst Program Analyst Life Sciences DO-II DO-I Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 15
  16. 16. Aeronautical Sciences Integrated Experimental and Computational Study of Heating due to Surface Catalysis under Hypersonic Conditions, von Karman Institute• Boundary layer in subsonic flow requires modeling to extrapolate to hypersonic conditions. Current modeling valid only for stagnation line heat flux• Combine UM’s leading-edge modeling capabilities (US3D) with high-quality data from VKI’s Plasmatron• Achieve a new level of understanding and form new predictive models for gas- surface reactions for real TPS US3D capable of investigating 3D effects and off-stagnation behavior. Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 16
  17. 17. EOARD Aeronautical Sciences • Morphing • Adv. Aero/Structures • Adv. Propulsion Flight Control High Order methods for CFD Modeling & Simulation Multidisciplinary Optimization • Propulsion• Flapping flight • Heat transfer• Membrane wings • BL Transition• Biological Inspiration • Shock-BL interaction• Low Reynolds number aerodynamics • Hypersonic aerodynamics Technologies that enable flight (in air)! Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 17
  18. 18. Two More New Starts of InterestGraphene-based polymer nanocomposites Robert Young, Univ. Manchester, UK Established Raman spex as characterization tool for stress transfer in monolayersNovel 3D nanoarchitectures for ultra fastthermal transport (modeling) George Froudakis, Univ. Crete, GreeceTunable 3D structures with nodal spacing < phonon free pathAlready publishing with AFRL/RXBT in-house team (AFOSR funded)WOS visit May 2011 Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 18
  19. 19. Acoustic Metamaterials Ashod Aradian, Olivier Mondain-Monval, et al, CNRS/CRPP, Bordeaux, FranceAcoustic Metamaterials Google Scholar article hits• What are they? Engineered structures exhibiting for ―acoustic metamaterial‖ unusual resonance phenomena with sonic, infrasonic, ultrasonic waves• Potential applications? Acoustic focusing (―superlens‖), acoustic cloaking, acoustic ―diode‖, acoustic energy attenuation & dampingCNRS/Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal Project METACHEM 2009-2013~150 people in 10 research groups €3.7M ($5.2M) CNRS-Rhodia Group: Composites auto-assemblés Lab of the Future et Métamatériaux (CAAM) Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 19
  20. 20. Acoustic Metamaterials Ashod Aradian, Olivier Mondain-Monval, et al, CNRS/CRPP, Bordeaux, FranceTowards ―double negative‖ acoustic metamaterials 2000 2003 2006 Theoretical double negativity with bubble and core-shell resonators (Liu et al, Wuhan) 2010 2007 Double neg EM metamaterials for Locally resonant sonic materials, Negative dynamic modulus using Helmholtz Double negativity using holes and microwaves (Smith et al, UCSD) 1 cm Pb core (Liu et al, Hong Kong) resonators (Zhang et al, Berkeley) membranes (Kim et al, Korea) In general, much of the experimental work focused Attainable freqs << 104 Hz on millimetric materials, fabricated through Processing issues at large scale lithographic or precision mechanical techniquesA microfluidic approach to negative effective mass density: • Designed for ~104 Hz • Resonance frequencies tailorable using core-shell sizes & elastic properties • Single negativity for efficient attenuation, or as step towards double negativity • Additional FY12 project planned to investigate tunability using ferrofluidFunding: AFRL/RX Meta program (FY11) Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 20
  21. 21. European laser researchers world leaders in Fibers and Ultrashort Lasers Goal: Have effort with both Southampton and Jena• University of Southampton-Prof. David Payne• Integrated Technology in Fiber sources with a critical mass of personnel and facilities. – Southampton Photonics Ltd – Drawing Fiber towers, Fiber Laser and amplifiers, Research into fiber composition and novel designs, Fiber components• DARPA, JTO, EOARD, DSTL and MoD• Johan Nilsson, EOARD Fiber sources for pumping alkali lasers• Fraunhofer Institute- Prof. Tuennermann• Integrated Technology in Fiber sources and diode pumps. – Jenoptics, Schiller University of Jena – Laser and amplifier design, Spectral beam combining, Advanced fiber designs, Micro-optics technology, fiber and diode components, thin film gratings on cooled substrates for beam combining, metamaterials for beam combining.• Large funding and projects from MoD• Joint programs with DLR Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 21
  22. 22. EOARD C4ISR/IT HighlightsProgram objective: International Research in C4ISR and InformationTechnologies, with an emphasis on C2 Planning & Scheduling and Software& Systems Research Cyber Security: ―Universal Batch Steganalysis‖ • Dr Tomas Pevny, Czech Technical University Andrew Ker, Oxford University • Construct a universal steganalyzer capable of simultaneously analyzing multiple objects from multiple sources, by using state-of-the- art clustering techniques binding node C2 Planning: ―Adaptive Problem Solving by Analogy‖ • Prof Georgi Petkov, New Bulgarian University glass yesterday • Analogies for Planning: Explore how certain cognitive mechanisms can o be modeled within the DUAL cognitive architecture and how they would n enhance its ability to do problem-solving by analogy hplate kitchen cause Software & Systems: ―Software Regression Verification‖ is-broken • Prof Ofer Strichman, Technion University, Israel • Formal methodology for conducting automated or semi-automated software regression testing • Develop notions of equivalence and ├ partial-equiv(call A, call B) partial-equiv(call A, call B) corresponding proof rules partial-equiv(call A, call B) Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 22
  23. 23. EU, Asia extend lead in publicationsDistribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 23
  24. 24. Publications in Materials Science and EngineeringDistribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 24
  25. 25. Looking back Decades PRL ―Milestone‖ Papers AFOSR has 9 such papers, 2 of which are EOARD‘sDistribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 88 ABW/PA Case Number 88ABW-2012-0793, 14 Feb 12 25

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