Trojan War
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The "Apple of Discord" & the Judgement of Paris exlained.

The "Apple of Discord" & the Judgement of Paris exlained.

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Trojan War Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Odyssey
    • Starring
    • Odysseus*Penelope
    • Athena*Zeus*Poseidon*Apollo*Hermes
    • Sirens*Cyclops*Scylla*Charybdis
    An Epic Poem by Homer
  • 2. The Odyssey an Epic Poem
  • 3. What is an Epic?
    • A long narrative poem about a legendary hero
    • Gilgamesh
    • Don Quixote
    • El Cid
  • 4. Homer
    • Greek poet
    • thought to be blind
    • described events as a seeing person
    • lived around 900 to 801 B.C.E.
  • 5. Homer
    • Wrote the Iliad (about the Trojan War)
    • Wrote the * Odyssey (about Odysseus’s return home after the Trojan War)
    • between 900 to 801 B.C.E.
    • *First translated in A.D. 1615
  • 6. The Iliad
    • Epic poem about the last year of the Trojan War
    • War lasted 10 years
    • Troy was defeated when Odysseus and his men were able to get inside the walls of Troy concealed within the body of the “Trojan horse.”
  • 7. The Trojan Horse
  • 8. The Greeks
    • Residents of many islands
    • Start moving to eastern Mediterranean (2,000 to 1,500 B.C.E.)
  • 9. The Greeks
    • Classic Greek mythology/paganism reported: ~1,000 to 901 years B.C.E.
    • Hesiod, Greek poet, writes “Theogony,” creation of the world and gods of mythology (800-701 B.C.E.)
    • First Olympic Games: 761 B.C.E.
  • 10. The Trojans
    • Residents of Troy
    • First Trojan culture recorded: ~3,000 to 2,501 years B.C.E.
    • Destroyed around 1,193 B.C.E.
    • Re-discovered: 1800s (Turkey)
  • 11. Trojan War
    • Lasted 10 years.
    • Who started it?
    • Why did it start?
  • 12. Leda & The Swan
    • Zeus raped Leda, a queen of Sparta
    • Leda got pregnant with Helen, the most beautiful woman on Earth
  • 13. Judgment of Paris
    • Incident that caused the Trojan War:
    • Goddess Discord threw the “Apple of Discord,” marked
    • “ for the Fairest” among gods
    • Zeus refused to judge
  • 14. Judgment of Paris
    • Paris, prince of Troy had to chose between Hera, Athena and Aphrodite
    • Each offered gifts
    • Aphrodite offered the most beautiful woman in the world
  • 15. Judgment of Paris
    • Aphrodite led Paris to Helen, wife of Meneleus, of Sparta
    • Paris abducted Helen,
    • took her to Troy
    • All the Greeks combined forces
    • Helen: “ . . . the face that launched a thousand ships . . .”
  • 16. The Trojan War
    • Paris killed Achilles
    • Aphrodite helped the Trojans
    • Athena helped the Greeks
  • 17. The Trojan Horse
  • 18. The Trojan War
    • Odysseus, King of Ithaca
    • “ Trojan Horse”
    • Odyssey: a long or difficult journey or transformation
  • 19. The Odyssey
    • The story of the journey of Odysseus and his men trying to get home after the Trojan War.
    • 10 years
    • Penelope: wife of Odysseus
  • 20. Characters
    • Ulysses or Odysseus
    • Sirens - group of females who lured sailors by their singing
  • 21. Characters
    • Circe - goddess, enchantress, who turned men into swine
    • Scylla - monster with 12 feet and 6 heads with 3 rows of teeth, carries off a sailor in each mouth
  • 22.