The method requires
students to translate
whole texts word by
word and memorize
rules and exceptions
as well as enormous
translation Method is
a foreign language
derived from the
classical method of
teaching Greek and
The,The Grammar-Translation Method is not new. It
has had different names, but it has been used by
language teachers for many years. At one time it
was called Classical Method since it was first used
in the teaching of the classical languages, Latin
and Greek. Earlier in 20th century, this method
was used for the purpose of helping students read
and appreciate foreign language literature.,
In the 18th century foreign
languages started to appear on
the school curricula, requiring a
systematic approach to teach
them. Grammar Translation was
in fact first known in the United
States as the Prussian Method.
3- Literary language
is consider superior
to spoken language
and is therefore the
1- The teacher’s role
is to be the authority
in the classroom. The
student’s role is to do
what the teacher
2- Most of the
teacher to the
6- Written test in
have to translate
from there native
language to the
or vise versa.
7- if students
make errors or
don’t know an
them with the
Be able to read literature written in
the target language.
2- teach grammar rules and vocabulary
of the target language.
1- Students are taught to translate from one language to another.
2- They translate readings in target language about some aspect of
the culture of the foreign language community.
3- Students study grammar deductively, they have to memorize.
4- Students learn grammatical paradigms such as verb
5- Students memorize native language equivalents for foreign
language vocabulary words.
Students are given one set of words and are asked to find antonyms in
the reading passage as well as synonyms for a particular set of words
Reading comprehension questions
Students answer questions in the target language based on
their understanding of the reading passage
Students translate a reading passage from the target language into
their native language
Students are taught to recognize cognates by
learning the spelling or sound patterns that
correspond between the languages.
are given a
• Students are given lists of target language
vocabulary words and their native language
equivalents and are asked to memorize them
Use words in sentences
• Students makes new sentences in
which they use the new words.
• The teacher gives the students a topic to write about
in the target language. Sometimes instead of
creating a composition, students are asked to prepare
a presentation of the reading passage.
Please give me this
Por favor déme este
Translation is the easiest
way of explaining meaning
or words and phrases from
one language to another.
Students are more familiar
with both languages ( the
target language and the
native language) by using
Teachers can ask and also
discuss about some topics
by the mother tongue.
Communication between the
teacher and learners does not
cause linguistic problems.
The grammar translation method
lays emphasis on reading and
writing. It neglects speech.
Speech is neglected for the
reason that grammar is the
principal skill used
Exact translation is not possible.
Translation is, indeed, a difficult
task and exact translation from one
language to another is not always
The person who have learnt a foreign or
second language through this method find
it difficult to give up the habit of first
thinking in their mother tongue and then
translating their ideas into the second
Students will learn
grammar by using
the target language
to the first
teacher’s help and
using long text,
phrases and then
translate to known