Stratification andSocial Mobility<br />
Categories of Social Class<br />  What is a SOCIAL CLASS?<br />-It may be defined as a broad category, class, or stratum o...
	   -Even though the definition of social class lacks precision, sociologists consider it meaningful because it draws atte...
The Five-Class System<br />***Note: This chart is only suggestive. It is based on observation, comparative income figures,...
Determinants of Social Class<br />   Money<br />   -It takes a great deal of money to live as the upper class. It becomes ...
   Prestige ranking of occupation<br />   -High-prestige occupations generally receive higher incomes.<br />   Style of Li...
Historical Basis of the Philippine Class System<br />   Before the Colonization Period (Spanish Era):<br />   -The Chiefs<...
Historical Basis of the Philippine Class System<br />   During the Spanish Colonization<br />   -The Spaniards<br />  -The...
Class Structure of Cultural Minorities<br />   What are CULTURAL MINORITIES?<br />-It is used to designate the groups whic...
Class-linked Attitudes<br />-These are differences in attitudes, values, and lifestyles depending on a groups of people’s ...
Class-liked Attitudes and Social Progress<br />-One of the effects of class-linked attitudes is that they frequently opera...
Class-linked Status and Behavior<br />	-Usually the attitudes and behavior developed in each class are adapted to the soci...
Institutional Attitudes<br />A. Attitudes toward government<br />	1. Upper Class<br />  -Appreciates effect of government ...
3. Lower Class<br />  -May view government as the dispenser of petty favors such as minor jobs and possible payments for v...
2. Middle Class<br />   -Responsive to appeals on a moral or intellectual basis.<br />   -Highly critical of religious pra...
C. Attitudes toward economy<br />1. Upper Class<br />-Takes superior position and high standard of living for granted.<br ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Stratification And Social Mobility

5,276
-1

Published on

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
5,276
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
205
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Stratification And Social Mobility

  1. 1. Stratification andSocial Mobility<br />
  2. 2. Categories of Social Class<br /> What is a SOCIAL CLASS?<br />-It may be defined as a broad category, class, or stratum of people in the same economic bracket, with similar ideas, values, and lifestyle – that is, with a similar position in the social structure.<br />-This concept of social class is not fixed nor subject to exact measurements.<br />
  3. 3. -Even though the definition of social class lacks precision, sociologists consider it meaningful because it draws attention to the influence economic position has on social adjustment.<br /> MIDDLE CLASS<br /> -It is often regarded as either small or nonexistent with the two social class categories – the rich or the economically solvent and the poor or the people who requires at least occasional help from other people in order to exist.<br />
  4. 4. The Five-Class System<br />***Note: This chart is only suggestive. It is based on observation, comparative income figures, and data on occupation distribution. The categories do not have fixed boundaries and overlap.<br />
  5. 5. Determinants of Social Class<br /> Money<br /> -It takes a great deal of money to live as the upper class. It becomes one of the main determinants because of its importance.<br /> Education<br />-One’s education determines one’s occupation and is one way to judge social class.<br />
  6. 6. Prestige ranking of occupation<br /> -High-prestige occupations generally receive higher incomes.<br /> Style of Life<br /> -In many instances, wealth and improved lifestyle have come from outside the Philippine economy.<br /> Heredity<br /> -If you are from a well-known and well-off family, then you are part of at least, the upper-middle class society.<br />
  7. 7. Historical Basis of the Philippine Class System<br /> Before the Colonization Period (Spanish Era):<br /> -The Chiefs<br /> -The Freemen<br /> -The Slaves<br />
  8. 8. Historical Basis of the Philippine Class System<br /> During the Spanish Colonization<br /> -The Spaniards<br /> -The Illustrados<br /> -The Caciques<br /> -The Indios<br /> -The Chinese<br />
  9. 9. Class Structure of Cultural Minorities<br /> What are CULTURAL MINORITIES?<br />-It is used to designate the groups which are different from the majority because they have been less affected by Western influence.<br />-These are often our own ethnic groups, who wanted to preserve their culture and traditions as much as possible.<br />
  10. 10. Class-linked Attitudes<br />-These are differences in attitudes, values, and lifestyles depending on a groups of people’s social stratum.<br /> -Conflicts because of contrasting class-linked behavior patterns have formed the basis of many novels and plays. <br />
  11. 11. Class-liked Attitudes and Social Progress<br />-One of the effects of class-linked attitudes is that they frequently operate to defeat changes which might improve the condition of the lower classes.<br /> -It has often been observed that one of the factors which takes place among lower-class Philippines is a leveling process.<br />
  12. 12. Class-linked Status and Behavior<br /> -Usually the attitudes and behavior developed in each class are adapted to the social and economic conditions of that class, but poorly fitted to that of another class.<br /> -Middle class attitudes are the best adapted to either maintaining or improving class status.<br />
  13. 13. Institutional Attitudes<br />A. Attitudes toward government<br /> 1. Upper Class<br /> -Appreciates effect of government on own affairs.<br /> -Majority regarding government regime as basic to their own security and will resist drastic change.<br /> 2. Middle Class<br /> -Responsive to appeals for clean or honest government, but for the most part, will resist major change.<br /> -Feels resentful of what they consider as corrupt government but feels helpless to change matters.<br />
  14. 14. 3. Lower Class<br /> -May view government as the dispenser of petty favors such as minor jobs and possible payments for votes.<br /> -May be consciously discontented with status and work for a revolutionary change which promises greater benefits.<br />B. Attitudes toward religion<br />1. Upper Class<br />-Takes position of leadership in lay movements; likes to be considered patrons of the Church.<br />-May feel above the need for religion and manifest little interest except when custom demands attendance on special occasions.<br />
  15. 15. 2. Middle Class<br /> -Responsive to appeals on a moral or intellectual basis.<br /> -Highly critical of religious practices which seem to be excessively emotional.<br /> 3. Lower Class<br /> -Responsive to emotional services and religious pageantry; accepts dogma uncritically but frequently fails to carry moral injunctions into practice; readily accepts reports of miracles.<br /> -May feel that the Church is an upper-class institution and be either indifferent or openly hostile to it.<br />
  16. 16. C. Attitudes toward economy<br />1. Upper Class<br />-Takes superior position and high standard of living for granted.<br />-Bolsters self-esteem by conspicuously luxurious living.<br /> 2. Middle Class<br /> -Lauds virtues of thrift, ambition, and decent living.<br /> -Torn between desire to improve status by saving money and need to prove importance by expensive living.<br /> 3. Lower Class<br /> -Has no realistic hope for improvement.<br /> -Resents inferior position and hopes for change through revolution and different types of economic structures.<br />
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×