Stratification And Social Mobility

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  • 1. Stratification andSocial Mobility
  • 2. Categories of Social Class
    What is a SOCIAL CLASS?
    -It may be defined as a broad category, class, or stratum of people in the same economic bracket, with similar ideas, values, and lifestyle – that is, with a similar position in the social structure.
    -This concept of social class is not fixed nor subject to exact measurements.
  • 3. -Even though the definition of social class lacks precision, sociologists consider it meaningful because it draws attention to the influence economic position has on social adjustment.
    -It is often regarded as either small or nonexistent with the two social class categories – the rich or the economically solvent and the poor or the people who requires at least occasional help from other people in order to exist.
  • 4. The Five-Class System
    ***Note: This chart is only suggestive. It is based on observation, comparative income figures, and data on occupation distribution. The categories do not have fixed boundaries and overlap.
  • 5. Determinants of Social Class
    -It takes a great deal of money to live as the upper class. It becomes one of the main determinants because of its importance.
    -One’s education determines one’s occupation and is one way to judge social class.
  • 6. Prestige ranking of occupation
    -High-prestige occupations generally receive higher incomes.
    Style of Life
    -In many instances, wealth and improved lifestyle have come from outside the Philippine economy.
    -If you are from a well-known and well-off family, then you are part of at least, the upper-middle class society.
  • 7. Historical Basis of the Philippine Class System
    Before the Colonization Period (Spanish Era):
    -The Chiefs
    -The Freemen
    -The Slaves
  • 8. Historical Basis of the Philippine Class System
    During the Spanish Colonization
    -The Spaniards
    -The Illustrados
    -The Caciques
    -The Indios
    -The Chinese
  • 9. Class Structure of Cultural Minorities
    -It is used to designate the groups which are different from the majority because they have been less affected by Western influence.
    -These are often our own ethnic groups, who wanted to preserve their culture and traditions as much as possible.
  • 10. Class-linked Attitudes
    -These are differences in attitudes, values, and lifestyles depending on a groups of people’s social stratum.
    -Conflicts because of contrasting class-linked behavior patterns have formed the basis of many novels and plays.
  • 11. Class-liked Attitudes and Social Progress
    -One of the effects of class-linked attitudes is that they frequently operate to defeat changes which might improve the condition of the lower classes.
    -It has often been observed that one of the factors which takes place among lower-class Philippines is a leveling process.
  • 12. Class-linked Status and Behavior
    -Usually the attitudes and behavior developed in each class are adapted to the social and economic conditions of that class, but poorly fitted to that of another class.
    -Middle class attitudes are the best adapted to either maintaining or improving class status.
  • 13. Institutional Attitudes
    A. Attitudes toward government
    1. Upper Class
    -Appreciates effect of government on own affairs.
    -Majority regarding government regime as basic to their own security and will resist drastic change.
    2. Middle Class
    -Responsive to appeals for clean or honest government, but for the most part, will resist major change.
    -Feels resentful of what they consider as corrupt government but feels helpless to change matters.
  • 14. 3. Lower Class
    -May view government as the dispenser of petty favors such as minor jobs and possible payments for votes.
    -May be consciously discontented with status and work for a revolutionary change which promises greater benefits.
    B. Attitudes toward religion
    1. Upper Class
    -Takes position of leadership in lay movements; likes to be considered patrons of the Church.
    -May feel above the need for religion and manifest little interest except when custom demands attendance on special occasions.
  • 15. 2. Middle Class
    -Responsive to appeals on a moral or intellectual basis.
    -Highly critical of religious practices which seem to be excessively emotional.
    3. Lower Class
    -Responsive to emotional services and religious pageantry; accepts dogma uncritically but frequently fails to carry moral injunctions into practice; readily accepts reports of miracles.
    -May feel that the Church is an upper-class institution and be either indifferent or openly hostile to it.
  • 16. C. Attitudes toward economy
    1. Upper Class
    -Takes superior position and high standard of living for granted.
    -Bolsters self-esteem by conspicuously luxurious living.
    2. Middle Class
    -Lauds virtues of thrift, ambition, and decent living.
    -Torn between desire to improve status by saving money and need to prove importance by expensive living.
    3. Lower Class
    -Has no realistic hope for improvement.
    -Resents inferior position and hopes for change through revolution and different types of economic structures.