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Stratification And Social Mobility
 

Stratification And Social Mobility

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    Stratification And Social Mobility Stratification And Social Mobility Presentation Transcript

    • Stratification andSocial Mobility
    • Categories of Social Class
      What is a SOCIAL CLASS?
      -It may be defined as a broad category, class, or stratum of people in the same economic bracket, with similar ideas, values, and lifestyle – that is, with a similar position in the social structure.
      -This concept of social class is not fixed nor subject to exact measurements.
    • -Even though the definition of social class lacks precision, sociologists consider it meaningful because it draws attention to the influence economic position has on social adjustment.
      MIDDLE CLASS
      -It is often regarded as either small or nonexistent with the two social class categories – the rich or the economically solvent and the poor or the people who requires at least occasional help from other people in order to exist.
    • The Five-Class System
      ***Note: This chart is only suggestive. It is based on observation, comparative income figures, and data on occupation distribution. The categories do not have fixed boundaries and overlap.
    • Determinants of Social Class
      Money
      -It takes a great deal of money to live as the upper class. It becomes one of the main determinants because of its importance.
      Education
      -One’s education determines one’s occupation and is one way to judge social class.
    • Prestige ranking of occupation
      -High-prestige occupations generally receive higher incomes.
      Style of Life
      -In many instances, wealth and improved lifestyle have come from outside the Philippine economy.
      Heredity
      -If you are from a well-known and well-off family, then you are part of at least, the upper-middle class society.
    • Historical Basis of the Philippine Class System
      Before the Colonization Period (Spanish Era):
      -The Chiefs
      -The Freemen
      -The Slaves
    • Historical Basis of the Philippine Class System
      During the Spanish Colonization
      -The Spaniards
      -The Illustrados
      -The Caciques
      -The Indios
      -The Chinese
    • Class Structure of Cultural Minorities
      What are CULTURAL MINORITIES?
      -It is used to designate the groups which are different from the majority because they have been less affected by Western influence.
      -These are often our own ethnic groups, who wanted to preserve their culture and traditions as much as possible.
    • Class-linked Attitudes
      -These are differences in attitudes, values, and lifestyles depending on a groups of people’s social stratum.
      -Conflicts because of contrasting class-linked behavior patterns have formed the basis of many novels and plays.
    • Class-liked Attitudes and Social Progress
      -One of the effects of class-linked attitudes is that they frequently operate to defeat changes which might improve the condition of the lower classes.
      -It has often been observed that one of the factors which takes place among lower-class Philippines is a leveling process.
    • Class-linked Status and Behavior
      -Usually the attitudes and behavior developed in each class are adapted to the social and economic conditions of that class, but poorly fitted to that of another class.
      -Middle class attitudes are the best adapted to either maintaining or improving class status.
    • Institutional Attitudes
      A. Attitudes toward government
      1. Upper Class
      -Appreciates effect of government on own affairs.
      -Majority regarding government regime as basic to their own security and will resist drastic change.
      2. Middle Class
      -Responsive to appeals for clean or honest government, but for the most part, will resist major change.
      -Feels resentful of what they consider as corrupt government but feels helpless to change matters.
    • 3. Lower Class
      -May view government as the dispenser of petty favors such as minor jobs and possible payments for votes.
      -May be consciously discontented with status and work for a revolutionary change which promises greater benefits.
      B. Attitudes toward religion
      1. Upper Class
      -Takes position of leadership in lay movements; likes to be considered patrons of the Church.
      -May feel above the need for religion and manifest little interest except when custom demands attendance on special occasions.
    • 2. Middle Class
      -Responsive to appeals on a moral or intellectual basis.
      -Highly critical of religious practices which seem to be excessively emotional.
      3. Lower Class
      -Responsive to emotional services and religious pageantry; accepts dogma uncritically but frequently fails to carry moral injunctions into practice; readily accepts reports of miracles.
      -May feel that the Church is an upper-class institution and be either indifferent or openly hostile to it.
    • C. Attitudes toward economy
      1. Upper Class
      -Takes superior position and high standard of living for granted.
      -Bolsters self-esteem by conspicuously luxurious living.
      2. Middle Class
      -Lauds virtues of thrift, ambition, and decent living.
      -Torn between desire to improve status by saving money and need to prove importance by expensive living.
      3. Lower Class
      -Has no realistic hope for improvement.
      -Resents inferior position and hopes for change through revolution and different types of economic structures.