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Models Of Urban Land Use

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  • 1. Models of Urban Land Use
  • 2. Economic Rent
    • Why are high rises in the centre of cities? Because that is where land is most expensive.
    • Each individual square metre has to be used for maximum profit. High rise buildings help solve this.
    • Economic rent decreases as you travel from CBD.
  • 3. Concentric Zone Model (Burgess)
    • Different zones based on economic rent and maximising profit from land.
  • 4. Concentric Zone Model
    • Very simple pattern of concentric circles.
    • Stop and Think
    • Can you think of factors which add complexity to such a simple model?
    LAND/TOPOGRAPHY TRANSPORT ROUTES WATER BODIES PLANNING
  • 5. Sector Model (Hoyt)
    • Similar to concentric zone model but with wedges of similar land use along transport lines.
  • 6. Sector Model
    • Shows more complexity than Burgess’ model.
    • Recognises that cities can change – new transport routes can alter the morphology and land use.
    • Stop and Think
    • What is the advantage of locating a business on a main road?
    • What are some examples of sectors of industry and retail radiating along the main roads in Wagga?
  • 7. Multiple Nuclei Model (Harris/Ullman)
    • More complex model involving the development of urban areas around pre-existing villages.
  • 8. Multiple Nuclei Model
    • Each village will develop on economic activities and social attractiveness.
    • More than one CBD, although one will be dominant
    • Stop and Think
    • How does Canberra fit the multiple nuclei model?
    • Where are Wagga’s secondary nuclei located?
    • Why do you think they are there?
    • Which one is likely to grow the most in the future? Why?
  • 9. Urban Ecology Structure (Murdie)
    • Complex interaction of housing, ethnicity, economic activity and physical space.
  • 10. Urban Ecology Structure
    • Ethnicity – cells of different ethnic origin eg. Vietnamese in Cabramatta, Jewish in Eastern Suburbs
    • Residential – Housing (and usually families too) get younger the further from the centre.
    • Economics – Sectors of different commercial, industrial and services aggregated from centre.
    • Physical – infrastructure, topography and water bodies.